Artaxerxes I in hieroglyphs

The fourth pharaoh of the Twenty-seventh Dynasty,

Precedessor
Xerxes I

Successor
Darius II

Reign of Artaxerxes I
465–424
Dodson465–424
Manetho (Africanus)41 years
Manetho (Eusebius)40 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Artekhshesesh
Ꜥrtḫšsš
Artaxerxes
A:N17-x-M8A-M8A-s
Hammamat rock inscription 144
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 283q
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 220-221, 4:E1
Birth name variant
Artekhshesesh
Ꜥrtḫšsš
Artaxerxes
A:T-M12-N37A:z-M8A
Vase (Berlin, ÄM 14463)
ZÄS 49, 75, pl. 8 (3)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 220-221, 4:E3
Birth name variant
Artekhshesesh
Ꜥrtḫšsš
Artaxerxes
A:N17-M12-M8:z-M8
Hammamat rock inscription 145
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 283p

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvii, 5 Aρταξερξης Artaxerxes 41 years
Eusebius xxvii, 5 Aρταξερξης Artaxerxes 40 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 152–154
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 220–221
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 168
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