Comparing the king lists

A visual comparison of the cartouches on the three inscribed king list.

The three major New Kingdom king lists inscribed in stone are:

The Abydos and Saqqara lists contain two rows of cartouches organised with the names of the pharaohs inscribed in sequential order on a single flat wall. The Karnak list contain 4 rows inscribed on three connected walls and the cartouches are not in sequential order. It is further divided into a left and right part where the pharaohs face the same direction.

For more information about the lists, check their respective page.

PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Narmercartouche
mni
Ahacartouche
tti
Djercartouche
itti
Wadjcartouche
itꜤ
Dencartouche
spꜢti
Anedjibcartouche
mr-bꜢp
cartouche
mri-biꜢpn
Semerkhetcartouche
smsw
Qa'acartouche
ḳbḥ
cartouche
ḳbḥw
Hotepsekhemwycartouche
bḏꜢw
cartouche
nṯr-bꜢw
Nebracartouche
kꜢkꜢw
cartouche
kꜢkꜢw
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Ninetjercartouche
bꜢ-nṯr
cartouche
bꜢ-nṯrw
Wadjnescartouche
wꜢḏ-ns
cartouche
wꜢḏ-ls
Senedjcartouche
sndi
cartouche
snḏ
Neferkaracartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Neferkasokarcartouche
nfr-kꜢ-zkr
Hudjefa Icartouche
//-ḏfꜢ-//
Khasekhemwycartouche
ḏꜢ-ḏꜢ-y
cartouche
bby
Nebkacartouche
nb-kꜢ
Djosercartouche
ḏsr-sꜢ
cartouche
ḏsr
Sekhemkhetcartouche
tti
cartouche
ḏsr-tti
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Hudjefa IIcartouche
sḏs
cartouche
nb-kꜢ-rꜤ
?cartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Hunicartouche
ḥwni
Sneferucartouche
snfrw
cartouche
snfrw
cartouche
snfrw
Khufucartouche
ḫfw
cartouche
ḫfw(f)
Djedefracartouche
ḏd(w)-f-rꜤ
cartouche
ḏd-f-rꜤ
Khafracartouche
ḫꜤ-f-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫꜤ(w)-f-rꜤ
Menkauracartouche
mn-kꜢw-rꜤ
cartouche
Shepseskafcartouche
šps-kꜢf
cartouche
?cartouche
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
?cartouche
?cartouche
Userkafcartouche
wsr-kꜢf
cartouche
wsr-kꜢf
Sahuracartouche
sꜢḥ.w-rꜤ
cartouche
sꜢḥ.w-rꜤ
cartouche
sꜢḥ.w-rꜤ
Neferirkaracartouche
kꜢ-kꜢ-i
cartouche
nfr-ir-kꜢ-rꜤ
Shepseskaracartouche
šps-kꜢ-rꜤ
Neferefracartouche
nfr-f-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ
Niuserra Inicartouche
ni-wsr-rꜤ
cartouche
ini
Menkauhorcartouche
mn-kꜢw-ḥr
cartouche
mn-kꜢw-ḥr
Djedkara Isesicartouche
ḏd-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
mꜢꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
issi
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Unascartouche
wn-i-s
cartouche
wn-i-s
Teticartouche
tti
cartouche
tti
cartouche
tty
Userkaracartouche
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Pepi Icartouche
mr-y-rꜤ
cartouche
ppy
cartouche
ppy
Nemtiemsaf Icartouche
mr-n-rꜤ
cartouche
mr-n-rꜤ
cartouche
mr-n-rꜤ
Pepi IIcartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Nemtiemsaf IIcartouche
mr-n-rꜤ sꜢ-m-sꜢ-f
Netjerikaracartouche
nṯr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Menkaracartouche
mn-kꜢ-rꜤ
Neferkara IIIcartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Neferkara Nebycartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ nby
Djedkara Shemaicartouche
ḏd-kꜢ-rꜤ šmꜢi
Neferkara Khenducartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ ḫndw
Merenhorcartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Neferkamincartouche
z-nfr-kꜢ
Nikaracartouche
ni-kꜢ-rꜤ
Neferkara Tererucartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ tr-rw
Neferkahorcartouche
nfr-kꜢ-ḥr
Neferkara Pepisenebcartouche
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ ppy-snb
Neferkamin Anucartouche
z-nfr-kꜢ Ꜥnw
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Qakara Ibicartouche
ḳꜢ-kꜢw-rꜤ
Neferkauracartouche
nfr-kꜢw-rꜤ
Neferkauhorcartouche
nfr-kꜢw-ḥr
Neferirkara IIcartouche
nfr-ir-kꜢ-rꜤ
Mentuhotep IIcartouche
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
cartouche
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
cartouche
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
Mentuhotep IIIcartouche
s-Ꜥnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
s-Ꜥnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
s-nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Amenemhat Icartouche
s-ḥtp-ib-rꜤ
cartouche
s-ḥtp-ib-rꜤ
cartouche
s-ḥtp-ib-rꜤ
Senusret Icartouche
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Amenemhat IIcartouche
nbw-kꜢw-rꜤ
cartouche
nbw-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
nbw-kꜢw-rꜤ
Senusret IIcartouche
ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Senusret IIIcartouche
ḫꜤ-kꜢw-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ
Amenemhat IIIcartouche
nj-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
cartouche
nj-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Amenemhat IVcartouche
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
cartouche
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
cartouche
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
Neferusobekcartouche
sbk-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
sbk-nfrw-rꜤ
Wegafcartouche
ḫw-tꜢwi-rꜤ
Sekhemra Khutawycartouche
sḫm-rꜤ ḫw-tꜢwi
Amenemhat V ???cartouche
s-Ꜥnḫ-ib-rꜤ
Neferhotep Icartouche
ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ
Sobekhotep IVcartouche
ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ
Sobekhotep Vcartouche
ḫꜤ-ḥtp-rꜤ
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Sobekhotep VI Merhotepracartouche
mr-ḥtp-rꜤ
Mersekhemra Inedcartouche
mr-sḫm-rꜤ
Sobekhotep VIIcartouche
mr-kꜢw-rꜤ
Senebmiucartouche
s-wꜢḥ-n-rꜤ
Rahotepcartouche
wꜢḥ-kꜢw-rꜤ
Sobekemsaf Icartouche
sḫm-wꜢḏ-kꜢw-rꜤ
Djehutycartouche
sḫm-rꜤ s-mn-tꜢwi
Sobekhotep VIIIcartouche
sḫm-rꜤ s-wsr-tꜢwi
Nebiraucartouche
s-wꜢḏ-n-rꜤ
Bebiankhcartouche
s-wsr-n-rꜤ
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Intef VIIcartouche
nbw-ḫpr-rꜤ
Senakhtenra Ahmosecartouche
s-nḫt-n-rꜤ
Seqenenracartouche
s-ḳn-n-rꜤ
Ahmosecartouche
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
cartouche
nb-pḥt(i)-rꜤ
Amenhotep Icartouche
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Thutmose Icartouche
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
cartouche
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Thutmose IIcartouche
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
cartouche
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Thutmose IIIcartouche
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
cartouche
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
Amenhotep IIcartouche
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-rꜤ
cartouche
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-rꜤ
Thutmose IVcartouche
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ
cartouche
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ
PharaohAbydosSaqqaraKarnak
Amenhotep IIIcartouche
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
cartouche
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Horemhabcartouche
ḏsr-ḫprw-rꜤ stp-n-rꜤ
cartouche
ḏsr-wprw-rꜤ stp-n-rꜤ
Ramesses Icartouche
mn-pḥti-rꜤ
cartouche
mn-pḥti-rꜤ
Seti Icartouche
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
cartouche
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Ramesses IIcartouche
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp-n-rꜤ

Undetermined kings (Karnak)

cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche
cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche
cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche cartouche

Selected Bibliography

Abydos king list

  • Mariette, Auguste: Abydos description des fouilles, Vol 1, Plate 43 (Paris 1869)
  • Duemichen, Johannes: Historische inschriften altägyptischer denkmäler, Vol 2, Plate XLV (Leipzig 1869)
  • Kitchen, Kenneth A.: Ramesside Inscriptions, Vol. I, pp. 176-179 (Oxford 1975)
  • Porter and Moss: The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic texts, reliefs, and paintings, Vol. VI, 25 (229)-(230)

Karnak king list

  • Burton, James: Excerpta Hieroglyphica, (Cairo 1825)
  • Young, Thomas: Hieroglyphics, Vol. 2, (London 1828) Plate 96 (copy from Burton)
  • Wilkinson, J. G.: Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects found at Thebes, and other parts of Egypt, (Malta 1830) Plate IV
  • l'Illustration, Journal Universel, Vol. VII, p 244-245, (Paris 1846)
  • d'Avennes, Prisse: Monuments Égyptiens, bas-reliefs, peintures, inscriptions, etc., (Paris 1847) Plate I
  • Lepsius, Karl Richard: Über die zwölfte Aegyptische Königsdynastie in "APAW 1852" pp. 425-455, (Berlin 1853) Plate I
  • Sethe, Kurt: Urkunden der 18. dynastie, IV.8-198, p. 607-610 (Leipzig, 1906)

Saqqara king list

  • Mariette, Auguste: La table de Saqqarah in Revue Archeologique, Vol 10, (Paris 1864) p. 169-186, Plate XVII
  • Mariette, Auguste: Monuments divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, (Paris 1872) Vol. II, Pl. 57b, 58, text Vol. I, p. 18-19
  • Meyer, Eduard: Ägyptische Chronologie, Plate 1, (Berlin 1904)
  • Kitchen, Kenneth A.: Ramesside Inscriptions, Vol. III, pp. 481-482 (Oxford 1980)
End of page
Kinglists
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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