The Eleventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 2066-1940 BC.
Capital: Thebes

The Eleventh Dynasty only controlled Upper Egypt from its captial at Thebes, while Dynasty X ruled Lower Egypt from Heracleopolis. This brought them into a long conflict which ended when Mentuhotep II defeated the Herkleopolitians and re-united the Two Lands, starting the Middle Kingdom.

The Eleventh Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Mentuhotep I Mentuhotep-aa
2 Intef I Antef I, Anjotef I, Inyotef I
3 Intef II Antef II, Anjotef II, Inyotef II 2066–2017
4 Intef III Antef III, Anjotef III, Inyotef III 2016–2009
5 Mentuhotep II Nebhapetra Montuhotep II 2009–1959
6 Mentuhotep III Seankhra Montuhotep III 1958–1947
7 Mentuhotep IV Nebtawyra Montuhotep IV 1947–1940
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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