The Fifteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 1650-1535 BC.
Capital: Avaris

The Fifteenth Dynasty was the first foreign dynasty (also known as the Hyksos Dynasty) that ruled Lower Egypt from Avaris. The names and order of kings is uncertain.

The Fifteenth Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Salitis
2 Sakir-Har Sakarher, Seker-Her c. 1621
3 Khyan Seuserenra Khian, Khayan 1621–1581
4 Apepi Nebkhepeshra et. al. Nebkhepeshre, Aqenenre, Aweserre, Apophis 1581–1541
5 Khamudy Khamudi 1541–1540

Unplaced kings

#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
Beon Bnon
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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