The Seventeenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 1580-1550 BC.
Capital: Thebes

The Theban rulers of the Seventeenth Dynasty were contemporary with the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Dynasties, as Egypt was split into small Hyksos-ruled kingdoms. At the end of the dynasty, the Hyksos were defeated and the kingdom once again reunited, as Ahmose, the brother of Kamose, founded the Eighteenth Dynasty and with it the New Kingdom. The short reigns of the kings suggest it was a violent time leading up to the liberation.

The Seventeenth Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Rahotep Sekhemra wahkhau Rehotep 1580–1576
2 Sobekemsaf I Sekhemra wadjkhau 1576–1573
3 Sobekemsaf II Sekhemra shedtawy
4 Intef V Sekhemra wepmaat Sekhemra-Wepmaat Intef
5 Intef VI Nubkheperra Nubkheperra Intef
6 Intef VII Sekhemra Sekhemra Heruhirmaat Intef
7 Senakhtenra Senakhtenra Senakhtenre Tao in older texts 1559–1558
8 Seqenenra Seqenenra Seqenenre Tao 1558–1554
9 Kamose Wadjkheperra Kamesiu 1555–1550
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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