The Twentieth Dynasty was the last flowering of the New Kingdom and is marked by a decline of the pharaonic power, as the High Priests of Amun became more and more powerful at the expense of the pharaohs.
|#||Pharaoh||Throne name||Also known as||Reign*|
|1||Setnakht||Userkhaura setepenra meryamun||Setnakhte||1190–1186|
|2||Ramesses III||Usermaatra meryamun||Rameses III, Ramses III||1186–1155|
|3||Ramesses IV||Usermaatra setepenamun||1155–1149|
|4||Ramesses V||Usermaatra sekheperenra||1149–1145|
|5||Ramesses VI||Nebmaatra meryamun||1145–1137|
|6||Ramesses VII||Usermaatra setepenra||1137–1130|
|7||Ramesses VIII||Usermaatra akhenamun||1130–1129|
|8||Ramesses IX||Neferkara setepenra||1129–1111|
|9||Ramesses X||Khepermaatra setepenra||1111–1107|
|10||Ramesses XI||Menmaatra setepenptah||1107–1077|
OK – Old Kingdom
MK – Middle Kingdom
NK – New Kingdom
SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Thebes – The Southern capital
Memphis – The Northern capital
Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.
Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.
Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.
Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name
Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script
Hyksos – Greek form of
Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.