The Twentieth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 1189-1077 BC.
Capital: Pi-Ramesse

The Twentieth Dynasty was the last flowering of the New Kingdom and is marked by a decline of the pharaonic power, as the High Priests of Amun became more and more powerful at the expense of the pharaohs.

The Twentieth Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Setnakht Userkhaura setepenra meryamun Setnakhte 1190–1186
2 Ramesses III Usermaatra meryamun Rameses III, Ramses III 1186–1155
3 Ramesses IV Usermaatra setepenamun 1155–1149
4 Ramesses V Usermaatra sekheperenra 1149–1145
5 Ramesses VI Nebmaatra meryamun 1145–1137
6 Ramesses VII Usermaatra setepenra 1137–1130
7 Ramesses VIII Usermaatra akhenamun 1130–1129
8 Ramesses IX Neferkara setepenra 1129–1111
9 Ramesses X Khepermaatra setepenra 1111–1107
10 Ramesses XI Menmaatra setepenptah 1107–1077
 
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Kinglists
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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