The Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 664-525 BC.
Capital: Sais

The Twenty-sixth Dynasty was the last native dynasty to rule Egypt before the Persian conquest.

The Twenty-sixth Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Necho I Nekao I
2 Psamtik I Wahibra Psammetichus I
3 Necho II Wehemibra Nekao II
4 Psamtik II Neferibra Psammetichus II
5 Apries Haaibra Hophra
6 Amasis Khnumibra Ahmose II, Ahmose III
7 Psamtik III Ankhkaenra Psammecherites, Psammetichus III
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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