The Greek historians of antiquity who visited Egypt wrote about the history of the pharaohs. The names were foreign to the Greeks, so they approximated them into Greek, and in many cases, those names are still in use today. When the hieroglyphs were decoded in the early 1800’s, historians and Egyptologists started to unravel the origins of the names of the pharaohs.
While most of the works repeat what amounts to little more than myths, they also recorded the chronology of the ruling pharaohs.
|450 BC||Herodotus – Histories.|
|220 BC||Eratosthenes – Chronographiai.|
|200 BC||Manetho – Aegyptiaca.|
|50 BC||Diodorus – Bibliotheca Historica.|
|100 AD||The Epitome of Aegyptiaca|
|100 AD||Josephus – Contra Apion.|
|220 AD||Africanus – sourced from the Epitome.|
|325 AD||Eusebius – source from the Epitome.|
|380 AD||Jerome – Latin translation of Eusebius second book.|
|600 AD||Armenian Eusebius – an Armenian translation of Eusebius|
|900 AD||Syncellus – extracts from Eusebius and Africanus.|