The Greek historians of antiquity who visited Egypt wrote about the history of the pharaohs. The names were foreign to the Greeks, so they approximated them into Greek, and in many cases, those names are still in use today. When the hieroglyphs were decoded in the early 1800’s, historians and Egyptologists started to unravel the origins of the names of the pharaohs.
While most of the works repeat what amounts to little more than myths, they also recorded the chronology of the ruling pharaohs.
|450 BCE||Herodotus – Histories.|
|220 BCE||Eratosthenes – Chronographiai.|
|200 BCE||Manetho – Aegyptiaca.|
|50 BCE||Diodorus – Bibliotheca Historica.|
|100 CE||The Epitome of Aegyptiaca|
|100 CE||Josephus – Contra Apion.|
|220 CE||Africanus – sourced from the Epitome.|
|325 CE||Eusebius – source from the Epitome.|
|380 CE||Jerome – Latin translation of Eusebius second book.|
|600 CE||Armenian Eusebius – an Armenian translation of Eusebius|
|900 CE||Syncellus – extracts from Eusebius and Africanus.|