The Historians

The Greek historians of antiquity who visited Egypt wrote about the history of the pharaohs. The names were foreign to the Greeks, so they approximated them into Greek, and in many cases, those names are still in use today. When the hieroglyphs were decoded in the early 1800’s, historians and Egyptologists started to unravel the origins of the names of the pharaohs.
While most of the works repeat what amounts to little more than myths, they also recorded the chronology of the ruling pharaohs.

c. 450 BC
Manetho of Sebennytos
c. 200 BC
Julius Sextus Africanus
c. 220 AD
Titus Flavius Josephus
c. 100 AD
Contra Apion
Diodorus of Sicily
c. 50 BC
Bibliotheca Historica
St. Jerome
c. 380 AD
Comparing Manetho
Comparision between the king lists of Africanus and Eusebius


The main sources in chronological order

450 BCHerodotusHistories.
220 BCEratosthenesChronographiai.
200 BCManethoAegyptiaca.
50 BCDiodorusBibliotheca Historica.
100 ADThe Epitome of Aegyptiaca
100 ADJosephusContra Apion.
220 ADAfricanus – sourced from the Epitome.
325 ADEusebius – source from the Epitome.
380 ADJerome – Latin translation of Eusebius second book.
600 ADArmenian Eusebius – an Armenian translation of Eusebius
900 ADSyncellus – extracts from Eusebius and Africanus.


With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2017 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.02


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