Karnak King list

The Karnak king list is a king list that was located in the southwest corner of the Akh-Menu Hall of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, Egypt. Created during the reign of Thutmose III, it listed sixty-one kings, only the names of thirty-nine kings are still legible, and one is not written in a cartouche. Interestingly, the names include a large number of Second Intermediate Period kings not found in the other monumental king lists.

The original is in the Louvre museum in Paris (Chapelle des ancêtres, Cat. no. E 13481 bis,) and a replica is located at the original site in the Akh-menu (Heret-ib) festival hall, room SF5 Karnak, Akh-menu (Festival Hall of Thutmose III), room SF5.

The purpose of the list was to show revered or celebrated "ancestors," and was not meant to be a chronological list. The seemingly arbitrary positions the pharaohs are placed in does not reflect the order of succession.

The king-list was written in the tradition of Upper Egypt, concentrating on kings of the South.

The numbering system used in publications hail from Auswahl, numbering the kings from the center to the edges, top to bottom. However, the kings are facing the edges, indicating that the correct way to read the scenes is from the edges toward the center, which Lepsius corrected in 1853. However the numbering from Auswahl prevail, and is included in the ALT. column.

Karnak Canon king list

Content of the Karnak king list

Due to the poor state of the list, many of the names has been lost since its discovery. The early travellers who copied the inscriptions did so with varying accuracy. Cartouches 38 and 57 (33, 59) record s-wAD-n-ra, while 45 and 56 (42, 60) record s-nfr-[...]-ra. Only one king with each of those names are known and identified. The recorded names were in all likelyhood mistakes by the scribes, as the wAD, nfr, and anx signs look alike in hieratic.

# Alt. Hieroglyphs Name in list Pharaoh
1 (8) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
Prisse gives Neferkara, but no other source shows any name.
2 (7) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sneferu
s-nfr-r-w
Snoferu
s-nfr-w
Sneferu
3 (6) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sahura
ra-sAH-w
Sahura
sꜢḥw-rꜤ
Sahura
4 (5) Karnak king list: cartouche of Niuserra Ini
i-in:n
Ini
ini
Niuserra Ini
5 (4) Karnak king list: cartouche of Djedkara Isesi
i-i-s-s
Isesi
issi
Djedkara Isesi
6 (3) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
7 (2) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
8 (1) Karnak king list: cartouche of Djehuty
ra-sxm-s-mn:n:N17:N17
Sekhemra Sementawy
sḫm-rꜤ smn-tꜢwi
Djehuty
9 (16) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
10 (15) Karnak king list: cartouche of Intef II
ini-n:t:f
Intef
ḥr-.. in-t.f
Intef II
11 (14) Karnak king list: cartouche of Intef I
ini-n:t:f
Intef
ḥr-(s)h-.. in-t.f
Intef I
The Horus name of Intef I is s-hr-tAwy which is the only Intef with the h-sign (Gardiner sign O4).
12 (13) Karnak king list: cartouche of Mentuhotep I
mn:n-//
Mentuhotep
ḥr-tp-.. mn-..
Mentuhotep I
The first signs of the Horus name (tpja) of Montuhotep I is tp (Gardiner signs D1*Q3).
13 (12) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ini-n:t:f
Hereditary Prince Intef Uncertain
Not a pharaoh, but at least a key figure in the foundation of Dynasty XI
14 (11) Karnak king list: cartouche of Teti
t-i-t-i
Teti
titi
Teti
Uncertain reading, Prisse shows hieroglyphs possibly as titi.
15 (10) Karnak king list: cartouche of Pepi II
p:p-i-i
Pepy
ppy
Pepi II
Uncertain reading but Prisse show p-i, with traces of what could be another p-i.
16 (9) Karnak king list: cartouche of Nemtiemsaf I
ra:mr-r:n
Merenra
mr-n-rꜤ
Nemtiemsaf I
17 (23) Karnak king list: cartouche of Amenemhat I
ra-s-Htp:t*p-ib
Sehotepibra
s-ḥtp-ib-rꜤ
Amenemhat I
18 (22) Karnak king list: cartouche of Amenemhat II
ra:nbw-kA*kA:kA
Nebukaura
nbw-kꜢw-rꜤ
Amenemhat II
19 (21) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
20 (20) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
21 (19) Karnak king list: cartouche of Amenemhat IV
ra-U4:a-xrw-w
Maakherura
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
Amenemhat IV
22 (18) Karnak king list: cartouche of Neferusobek
ra-I4-nfr-w
Sobekneferura
sbk-nfrw-rꜤ
Neferusobek
23 (17) Karnak king list: cartouche of Intef IV
ini-n:t:f
Intef
in-t.f
Intef IV
24 (31) Karnak king list: cartouche of Senusret I
ra-xpr-kA
Kheperkara
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Senusret I
25 (30) Karnak king list: cartouche of Seqenenra
ra:z-q:n:n
Seqenenra
sḳni.n-rꜤ
Seqenenra
26 (29) Karnak king list: cartouche of Senakhtenra
ra-z:xt:x*t-D40:n
Senakhtenra
snḳt.n-rꜤ
Senakhtenra
27 (28) Karnak king list: cartouche of Bebiankh
ra-wsr-s-n
Seuserenra
swsr.n-rꜤ
Bebiankh
28 (27) Karnak king list: cartouche of Intef VII
ra-nbw-xpr
Nubkheperra
nbw-ḫpr-rꜤ
Intef VII
29 (26) Karnak king list: cartouche of Mentuhotep II
ra:nb-P8
Nebhapetra
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
Mentuhotep II
30 (25) Karnak king list: cartouche of Mentuhotep III
ra-s-nfr-kA
Sneferkara
s-nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Mentuhotep III
31 (24) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained
32 (39) Karnak king list: cartouche of Senusret III
ra-xa-kA
Khakara
ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ
Senusret III
Destroyed, reading according to Prisse
33 (38) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep IV
ra-xa-nfr
Khaneferra
ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ
Sobekhotep IV
34 (37) Karnak king list: cartouche of Neferhotep I
ra-xa-sxm
Khasekhemra
ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ
Neferhotep I
35 (36) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ra-sxm-s-nfr-N17:N17
Sekhemra Snefertawy Unreadable
Destroyed, reading according to Prisse.
36 (35) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep I
ra-sxm-x:D40-N17:N17
Sekhemra Khutawy
sḫm-rꜤ ḫwi-tꜢwi
Sobekhotep I
37 (34) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sankhibra Amenemhat
ra-s-anx-ib
Sankhibra
s-Ꜥnḫ-ib-rꜤ
Sankhibra Amenemhat
38 (33) Karnak king list: cartouche of Nebirau I
ra-s-wAD-Y1:n
Sewadjenra
swꜢḏ.n-rꜤ
Nebirau I
39 (32) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
//-kA:Z2
..kaura Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
40 (47) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
41 (46) Karnak king list: cartouche of Ined
ra-U7-sxm
Mersekhemra
mr-sḫm-rꜤ
Ined
42 (45) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep VII
ra-U7-kA:Z2
Merkaura
mr-kꜢw-rꜤ
Sobekhotep VII
43 (44) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep VIII
ra-sxm-s-s-wsr-N17:N17
Sekhemra Seusertawy
sḫm-rꜤ swsr-tꜢwi
Sobekhotep VIII
44 (43) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ra-//
Damaged Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained.
45 (42) Karnak king list: cartouche of Senusret IV
ra-s-nfr-ib
Seneferibra
s-nfr-ib-rꜤ
Senusret IV
46 (41) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep VI
ra-xa-Htp:t*p
Khahotepra
ḫꜤ-ḥtp-rꜤ
Sobekhotep VI
47 (40) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep II
ra-xa-anx
Khaankhra
ḫꜤ-Ꜥnḫ-rꜤ
Sobekhotep II
48 (54) Karnak king list: cartouche of Rahotep
ra-[sxm]-wAH-xa:Z2
[Sekhem]ra Wahkhau
[sḫm]-rꜤ wꜢḥ-ḫꜤw
Rahotep
The Sekhem sign is missing or damaged
49 (53) Karnak king list: cartouche of Senebmiu
ra-s-wAH-Y1:n
Sewahenra
swꜢḥ.n-rꜤ
Senebmiu
50 (52) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekhotep V
ra:mr-Htp:t*p
Merhotepra
mr-ḥtp-rꜤ
Sobekhotep V
51 (51) Karnak king list: cartouche of Wegaf
ra-D43:Y1-N17:N17:N21*N21
Khutawyra
ḫw-tꜢwi-rꜤ
Wegaf
52 (50) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
53 (49) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
54 (48) Karnak king list: cartouche of Sobekemsaf I
ra-sxm-wAD-xa:Z2
Sekhemra Wadjkhau
sḫm-rꜤ wꜢḏ-ḫꜤw
Sobekemsaf I
55 (61) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ra-//
Damaged Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained.
56 (60) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ra-s-nfr-//
Senefer..ra Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
57 (59) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ra-s-wAD-//
Sewadj..ra Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
58 (58) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
ra-sxm-//
Sekhemra .. Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
59 (57) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
60 (56) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed
61 (55) Karnak king list: cartouche of an undetermined king
Destroyed

Illustrations



Source: Young, Hieroglyphics, II, plate 96 - press ENTER for full image
Young (Burton) 1825

Plate 96
Size: 1800x1127 (632 kB)

Source: Wilkinson, Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects, plate IV - press ENTER for full image
Wilkinson 1830

Plate IV
Size: 1646x1037 (412 kB)

Source: Lepsius, Auswahl 1842, pl. 1 - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1842

Plate I
Size: 2577x1588 (561 kB)

Source: Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments Égyptiens, plate I - press ENTER for full image
d'Avennes 1847

Plate I
Size: 1370x914 (500 kB)

Source: Lepsius, APAW 1853, plate I - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1853

Plate I
Size: 2400x1154 (768 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 244 top
Size: 1037x839 (328 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 244 bottom
Size: 435x583 (86 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 245
Size: 626x725 (189 kB)

Bibliography


  • : Excerpta Hieroglyphica, (Cairo 1825)
  • : Hieroglyphics, Vol. 2, (London 1828) Plate 96 (copy from Burton) Young, Hieroglyphics 1828
  • : Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects found at Thebes, and other parts of Egypt, (Malta 1830) Plate IV Karnak king list by Wilkinson 1830
  • : Auswahl der wichtigsten urkunden des Aegyptische Alterthums, (Leipzig 1842) Plate I Lepsius, Auswahl 1842
  • l'Illustration, Journal Universel, Vol. VII, p 244-245, (Paris 1846)
  • de Rouge: "Examen de l'ouvrage de M. Le Chevalier de Bunsen". Annales de philosophie chrétienne, No. 78, June 1846, 432-458. Plate 46
  • : Monuments Égyptiens, bas-reliefs, peintures, inscriptions, etc., (Paris 1847) Plate I D'Avennes, Monuments 1847
  • : Über die zwölfte Aegyptische Königsdynastie, "APAW 1852" (Berlin 1853), 425-455, pl. 1 Lepsius, Denkmaeler 1853
  • : Urkunden der 18. dynastie Abteilung IV, Band II, Heft 5-8, 607-610 (Leipzig, 1906)
  • : The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, II2, 112 [342]. Oxford
  • Grimal, Nicolas: "Les ancêtres de Karnak". Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles- Lettres 154, N. 1, 2010. pp. 343-370
  • Map with original location of the king list Karnak, Akh-menu (Festival Hall of Thutmosis III), room SF.5

 

With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2020 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2019-07-08
Disclaimer: The content should be accurate, but errors and omissions are possible. All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources.