Karnak King list

The Karnak king list is a king list that was located in the southwest corner of the Akh-Menu Hall of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, Egypt. Created during the reign of Thutmose III, it listed sixty-one kings, only the names of thirty-nine kings are still legible, and one is not written in a cartouche.

The original is in the Louvre museum in Paris (Chapelle des ancêtres, Cat. no. E 13481 bis,) and a replica is located at the original site in the Akh-menu (Heret-ib) festival hall, room SF5 Karnak, Akh-menu (Festival Hall of Thutmose III), room SF5.

The purpose of the list was to show revered or celebrated "ancestors," and was not meant to be a chronological list. The seemingly arbitrary positions the pharaohs are placed in does not reflect the order of succession.

The king-list was written in the tradition of Upper Egypt, concentrating on kings of the South. The numbering follows Lepsius (1853).

Karnak Canon king list

Content of the Karnak king list

Due to the poor state of the list, many of the names has been lost since its discovery. The early travellers who copied the inscriptions did so with varying accuracy. Cartouches 38 and 57 record s-wAD-n-ra, while 45 and 56 record s-nfr-[...]-ra. Only one king with each of those names are known and identified. The recorded names were in all likelyhood mistakes by the scribes, as the wAD, nfr, and anx signs look alike in hieratic.

# Hieroglyphs Name in list Pharaoh
1 Cartouche
Destroyed
Prisse gives Neferkara, but no other source shows any name.
2 Cartouche
s-nfr-r-w
Snoferu
s-nfr-w
Sneferu
3 Cartouche
ra-sAH-w
Sahura
sAHw-ra
Sahura
4 Cartouche
i-in:n
Ini
jnj
Niuserra Ini
5 Cartouche
i-i-s-s
Isesi
jssj
Djedkara Isesi
6 Cartouche
Destroyed
7 Cartouche
Destroyed
8 Cartouche
ra-sxm-s-mn:n:N17:N17
Sekhemra Sementawy
sxm-ra smn-tAwj
Djehuty
9 Cartouche
Destroyed
10 Cartouche
Hr-// ini-n:t:f
Intef
Hr-.. jn-t.f
Intef II
11 Cartouche
Hr-(s)h:// ini-n:t:f
Intef
Hr-(s)h-.. jn-t.f
Intef I
The Horus name of Intef I is s-hr-tAwy which is the only Intef with the h-sign (Gardiner sign O4).
12 Cartouche
Hr-tp*p:// mn:n-//
Mentuhotep
Hr-tp-.. mn-..
Mentuhotep I
The first signs of the Horus name (tpja) of Montuhotep I is tp (Gardiner signs D1*Q3).
13 Cartouche
r:p:a-HAt#1234-ini-n:(t:f)#34
Hereditary Prince Intef Uncertain
Not a pharaoh, but at least a key figure in the foundation of Dynasty XI
14 Cartouche
t-i-t-i
Teti
tjtj
Teti
Uncertain reading, Prisse shows hieroglyphs possibly as titi.
15 Cartouche
p:p-i-i
Pepy
ppy
Pepi II
Uncertain reading but Prisse show p-i, with traces of what could be another p-i.
16 Cartouche
ra:mr-r:n
Merenra
mr-n-ra
Nemtiemsaf I
17 Cartouche
ra-s-Htp:t*p-ib
Sehotepibra
s-Htp-jb-ra
Amenemhat I
18 Cartouche
ra:nbw-kA*kA:kA
Nebukaura
nbw-kAw-ra
Amenemhat II
19 Cartouche
Destroyed
20 Cartouche
Destroyed
21 Cartouche
ra-U4:a-xrw-w
Maakherura
mAa-xrw-ra
Amenemhat IV
22 Cartouche
ra-I4-nfr-w
Sobekneferura
sbk-nfrw-ra
Neferusobek
23 Cartouche
ini-n:t:f
Intef
jn-t.f
Intef IV
24 Cartouche
ra-xpr-kA
Kheperkara
xpr-kA-ra
Senusret I
25 Cartouche
ra:z-q:n:n
Seqenenra
sqnj.n-ra
Seqenenra
26 Cartouche
ra-z:xt:x*t-D40:n
Senakhtenra
snqt.n-ra
Senakhtenra
27 Cartouche
ra-wsr-s-n
Seuserenra
swsr.n-ra
Bebiankh
28 Cartouche
ra-nbw-xpr
Nubkheperra
nbw-xpr-ra
Intef VII
29 Cartouche
ra:nb-P8
Nebhapetra
nb-HApt-ra
Mentuhotep II
30 Cartouche
ra-s-nfr-kA
Sneferkara
s-nfr-kA-ra
Mentuhotep III
31 Cartouche
Destroyed Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained
32 Cartouche
ra-xa-kA
Khakara
xa-kA-ra
Senusret III
Destroyed, reading according to Prisse
33 Cartouche
ra-xa-nfr
Khaneferra
xa-nfr-ra
Sobekhotep IV
34 Cartouche
ra-xa-sxm
Khasekhemra
xa-sxm-ra
Neferhotep I
35 Cartouche
ra-sxm-s-nfr-N17:N17
Sekhemra Snefertawy Unreadable
Destroyed, reading according to Prisse.
36 Cartouche
ra-sxm-x:D40-N17:N17
Sekhemra Khutawy
sxm-ra xwj-tAwj
Sobekhotep I
37 Cartouche
ra-s-anx-ib
Sankhibra
s-anx-jb-ra
Sankhibra Amenemhat
38 Cartouche
ra-s-wAD-Y1:n
Sewadjenra
swAD.n-ra
Nebirau I
39 Cartouche
//-kA:Z2
..kaura Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
40 Cartouche
Destroyed
41 Cartouche
ra-U7-sxm
Mersekhemra
mr-sxm-ra
Ined
42 Cartouche
ra-U7-kA:Z2
Merkaura
mr-kAw-ra
Sobekhotep VII
43 Cartouche
ra-sxm-s-s-wsr-N17:N17
Sekhemra Seusertawy
sxm-ra swsr-tAwj
Sobekhotep VIII
44 Cartouche
ra-//
Damaged Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained.
45 Cartouche
ra-s-nfr-ib
Seneferibra
s-nfr-jb-ra
Senusret IV
46 Cartouche
ra-xa-Htp:t*p
Khahotepra
xa-Htp-ra
Sobekhotep VI
47 Cartouche
ra-xa-anx
Khaankhra
xa-anx-ra
Sobekhotep II
48 Cartouche
ra-[sxm]-wAH-xa:Z2
[Sekhem]ra Wahkhau
[sxm]-ra wAH-xaw
Rahotep
The Sekhem sign is missing or damaged
49 Cartouche
ra-s-wAH-Y1:n
Sewahenra
swAH.n-ra
Senebmiu
50 Cartouche
ra:mr-Htp:t*p
Merhotepra
mr-Htp-ra
Sobekhotep V
51 Cartouche
ra-D43:Y1-N17:N17:N21*N21
Khutawyra
xw-tAwj-ra
Wegaf
52 Cartouche
Destroyed
53 Cartouche
Destroyed
54 Cartouche
ra-sxm-wAD-xa:Z2
Sekhemra Wadjkhau
sxm-ra wAD-xaw
Sobekemsaf I
55 Cartouche
ra-//
Damaged Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained.
56 Cartouche
ra-s-nfr-//
Senefer..ra Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
57 Cartouche
ra-s-wAD-//
Sewadj..ra Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
58 Cartouche
ra-sxm-//
Sekhemra .. Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
59 Cartouche
Destroyed
60 Cartouche
Destroyed
61 Cartouche
Destroyed

Illustrations



Source: Young, Hieroglyphics, II, plate 96 - press ENTER for full image
Young (Burton) 1825

Plate 96
Size: 1800x1127 (632 kB)

Source: Wilkinson, Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects, plate IV - press ENTER for full image
Wilkinson 1830

Plate IV
Size: 1646x1037 (412 kB)

Source: Lepsius, Auswahl 1842, pl. 1 - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1842

Plate I
Size: 2577x1588 (561 kB)

Source: Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments Égyptiens, plate I - press ENTER for full image
d'Avennes 1847

Plate I
Size: 1370x914 (500 kB)

Source: Lepsius, APAW 1853, plate I - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1853

Plate I
Size: 2400x1154 (768 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 244 top
Size: 1037x839 (328 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 244 bottom
Size: 435x583 (86 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 245
Size: 626x725 (189 kB)

Bibliography


  • : Excerpta Hieroglyphica, (Cairo 1825)
  • : Hieroglyphics, Vol. 2, (London 1828) Plate 96 (copy from Burton) Young, Hieroglyphics 1828
  • : Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects found at Thebes, and other parts of Egypt, (Malta 1830) Plate IV Karnak king list by Wilkinson 1830
  • : Auswahl der wichtigsten urkunden des Aegyptische Alterthums, (Leipzig 1842) Plate I Lepsius, Auswahl 1842
  • l'Illustration, Journal Universel, Vol. VII, p 244-245, (Paris 1846)
  • de Rouge: "Examen de l'ouvrage de M. Le Chevalier de Bunsen". Annales de philosophie chrétienne, No. 78, June 1846, 432-458. Plate 46
  • : Monuments Égyptiens, bas-reliefs, peintures, inscriptions, etc., (Paris 1847) Plate I D'Avennes, Monuments 1847
  • : Über die zwölfte Aegyptische Königsdynastie, "APAW 1852" (Berlin 1853), 425-455, pl. 1 Lepsius, Denkmaeler 1853
  • : Urkunden der 18. dynastie Abteilung IV, Band II, Heft 5-8, 607-610 (Leipzig, 1906)
  • : The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, II2, 112 [342]. Oxford
  • Map with original location of the king list Karnak, Akh-menu (Festival Hall of Thutmosis III), room SF.5

 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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