Karnak King list

The Karnak king list is a king list that was located in the southwest corner of the Akh-Menu Hall of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, Egypt. Created during the reign of Thutmose III, it listed sixty-one kings, only the names of thirty-nine kings are still legible, and one is not written in a cartouche.

The original is in the Louvre museum in Paris (Chapelle des ancêtres, Cat. no. E 13481 bis,) and a replica is located at the original site in the Akh-menu (Heret-ib) festival hall, room SF5 Karnak, Akh-menu (Festival Hall of Thutmose III), room SF5.

The purpose of the list was to show revered or celebrated "ancestors," and was not meant to be a chronological list. The seemingly arbitrary positions the pharaohs are placed in does not reflect the order of succession.

The king-list was written in the tradition of Upper Egypt, concentrating on kings of the South. The numbering system generally used for the KC hails from Auswahl, where the numbering is from the center to the edges. However, the kings are facing the edges, which is the correct way to read the scenes. Lepsius corrected the numbering eleven years later, numbering both sides from the edges toward the center, as they were supposed to be read. The numbering here follows Lepsius (1853).

Karnak Canon king list

Content of the Karnak king list

Due to the poor state of the list, many of the names has been lost since its discovery. The early travellers who copied the inscriptions did so with varying accuracy. Cartouches 38 and 57 record s-wAD-n-ra, while 45 and 56 record s-nfr-[...]-ra. Only one king with each of those names are known and identified. The recorded names were in all likelyhood mistakes by the scribes, as the wAD, nfr, and anx signs look alike in hieratic.

# Hieroglyphs Name in list Pharaoh
1 Cartouche
Destroyed
Prisse gives Neferkara, but no other source shows any name.
2 Cartouche
s-nfr-r-w
Snoferu
s-nfr-w
Sneferu
3 Cartouche
ra-sAH-w
Sahura
sꜢḥw-rꜤ
Sahura
4 Cartouche
i-in:n
Ini
ini
Niuserra Ini
5 Cartouche
i-i-s-s
Isesi
issi
Djedkara Isesi
6 Cartouche
Destroyed
7 Cartouche
Destroyed
8 Cartouche
ra-sxm-s-mn:n:N17:N17
Sekhemra Sementawy
sḫm-rꜤ smn-tꜢwi
Djehuty
9 Cartouche
Destroyed
10 Cartouche
Hr-// ini-n:t:f
Intef
ḥr-.. in-t.f
Intef II
11 Cartouche
Hr-(s)h:// ini-n:t:f
Intef
ḥr-(s)h-.. in-t.f
Intef I
The Horus name of Intef I is s-hr-tAwy which is the only Intef with the h-sign (Gardiner sign O4).
12 Cartouche
Hr-tp*p:// mn:n-//
Mentuhotep
ḥr-tp-.. mn-..
Mentuhotep I
The first signs of the Horus name (tpja) of Montuhotep I is tp (Gardiner signs D1*Q3).
13 Cartouche
r:p:a-HAt#1234-ini-n:(t:f)#34
Hereditary Prince Intef Uncertain
Not a pharaoh, but at least a key figure in the foundation of Dynasty XI
14 Cartouche
t-i-t-i
Teti
titi
Teti
Uncertain reading, Prisse shows hieroglyphs possibly as titi.
15 Cartouche
p:p-i-i
Pepy
ppy
Pepi II
Uncertain reading but Prisse show p-i, with traces of what could be another p-i.
16 Cartouche
ra:mr-r:n
Merenra
mr-n-rꜤ
Nemtiemsaf I
17 Cartouche
ra-s-Htp:t*p-ib
Sehotepibra
s-ḥtp-ib-rꜤ
Amenemhat I
18 Cartouche
ra:nbw-kA*kA:kA
Nebukaura
nbw-kꜢw-rꜤ
Amenemhat II
19 Cartouche
Destroyed
20 Cartouche
Destroyed
21 Cartouche
ra-U4:a-xrw-w
Maakherura
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
Amenemhat IV
22 Cartouche
ra-I4-nfr-w
Sobekneferura
sbk-nfrw-rꜤ
Neferusobek
23 Cartouche
ini-n:t:f
Intef
in-t.f
Intef IV
24 Cartouche
ra-xpr-kA
Kheperkara
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Senusret I
25 Cartouche
ra:z-q:n:n
Seqenenra
sḳni.n-rꜤ
Seqenenra
26 Cartouche
ra-z:xt:x*t-D40:n
Senakhtenra
snḳt.n-rꜤ
Senakhtenra
27 Cartouche
ra-wsr-s-n
Seuserenra
swsr.n-rꜤ
Bebiankh
28 Cartouche
ra-nbw-xpr
Nubkheperra
nbw-ḫpr-rꜤ
Intef VII
29 Cartouche
ra:nb-P8
Nebhapetra
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
Mentuhotep II
30 Cartouche
ra-s-nfr-kA
Sneferkara
s-nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Mentuhotep III
31 Cartouche
Destroyed Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained
32 Cartouche
ra-xa-kA
Khakara
ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ
Senusret III
Destroyed, reading according to Prisse
33 Cartouche
ra-xa-nfr
Khaneferra
ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ
Sobekhotep IV
34 Cartouche
ra-xa-sxm
Khasekhemra
ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ
Neferhotep I
35 Cartouche
ra-sxm-s-nfr-N17:N17
Sekhemra Snefertawy Unreadable
Destroyed, reading according to Prisse.
36 Cartouche
ra-sxm-x:D40-N17:N17
Sekhemra Khutawy
sḫm-rꜤ ḫwi-tꜢwi
Sobekhotep I
37 Cartouche
ra-s-anx-ib
Sankhibra
s-Ꜥnḫ-ib-rꜤ
Sankhibra Amenemhat
38 Cartouche
ra-s-wAD-Y1:n
Sewadjenra
swꜢḏ.n-rꜤ
Nebirau I
39 Cartouche
//-kA:Z2
..kaura Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
40 Cartouche
Destroyed
41 Cartouche
ra-U7-sxm
Mersekhemra
mr-sḫm-rꜤ
Ined
42 Cartouche
ra-U7-kA:Z2
Merkaura
mr-kꜢw-rꜤ
Sobekhotep VII
43 Cartouche
ra-sxm-s-s-wsr-N17:N17
Sekhemra Seusertawy
sḫm-rꜤ swsr-tꜢwi
Sobekhotep VIII
44 Cartouche
ra-//
Damaged Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained.
45 Cartouche
ra-s-nfr-ib
Seneferibra
s-nfr-ib-rꜤ
Senusret IV
46 Cartouche
ra-xa-Htp:t*p
Khahotepra
ḫꜤ-ḥtp-rꜤ
Sobekhotep VI
47 Cartouche
ra-xa-anx
Khaankhra
ḫꜤ-Ꜥnḫ-rꜤ
Sobekhotep II
48 Cartouche
ra-[sxm]-wAH-xa:Z2
[Sekhem]ra Wahkhau
[sḫm]-rꜤ wꜢḥ-ḫꜤw
Rahotep
The Sekhem sign is missing or damaged
49 Cartouche
ra-s-wAH-Y1:n
Sewahenra
swꜢḥ.n-rꜤ
Senebmiu
50 Cartouche
ra:mr-Htp:t*p
Merhotepra
mr-ḥtp-rꜤ
Sobekhotep V
51 Cartouche
ra-D43:Y1-N17:N17:N21*N21
Khutawyra
ḫw-tꜢwi-rꜤ
Wegaf
52 Cartouche
Destroyed
53 Cartouche
Destroyed
54 Cartouche
ra-sxm-wAD-xa:Z2
Sekhemra Wadjkhau
sḫm-rꜤ wꜢḏ-ḫꜤw
Sobekemsaf I
55 Cartouche
ra-//
Damaged Uncertain
Impossible to tell which pharaoh's name the cartouche contained.
56 Cartouche
ra-s-nfr-//
Senefer..ra Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
57 Cartouche
ra-s-wAD-//
Sewadj..ra Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
58 Cartouche
ra-sxm-//
Sekhemra .. Uncertain
Cannot attribute the damaged name to a certain pharaoh.
59 Cartouche
Destroyed
60 Cartouche
Destroyed
61 Cartouche
Destroyed

Illustrations



Source: Young, Hieroglyphics, II, plate 96 - press ENTER for full image
Young (Burton) 1825

Plate 96
Size: 1800x1127 (632 kB)

Source: Wilkinson, Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects, plate IV - press ENTER for full image
Wilkinson 1830

Plate IV
Size: 1646x1037 (412 kB)

Source: Lepsius, Auswahl 1842, pl. 1 - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1842

Plate I
Size: 2577x1588 (561 kB)

Source: Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments Égyptiens, plate I - press ENTER for full image
d'Avennes 1847

Plate I
Size: 1370x914 (500 kB)

Source: Lepsius, APAW 1853, plate I - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1853

Plate I
Size: 2400x1154 (768 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 244 top
Size: 1037x839 (328 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 244 bottom
Size: 435x583 (86 kB)

Source: L'Illustration 1846
L'Illustration 1846

Page 245
Size: 626x725 (189 kB)

Bibliography


  • : Excerpta Hieroglyphica, (Cairo 1825)
  • : Hieroglyphics, Vol. 2, (London 1828) Plate 96 (copy from Burton) Young, Hieroglyphics 1828
  • : Extracts from several Hieroglyphical Subjects found at Thebes, and other parts of Egypt, (Malta 1830) Plate IV Karnak king list by Wilkinson 1830
  • : Auswahl der wichtigsten urkunden des Aegyptische Alterthums, (Leipzig 1842) Plate I Lepsius, Auswahl 1842
  • l'Illustration, Journal Universel, Vol. VII, p 244-245, (Paris 1846)
  • de Rouge: "Examen de l'ouvrage de M. Le Chevalier de Bunsen". Annales de philosophie chrétienne, No. 78, June 1846, 432-458. Plate 46
  • : Monuments Égyptiens, bas-reliefs, peintures, inscriptions, etc., (Paris 1847) Plate I D'Avennes, Monuments 1847
  • : Über die zwölfte Aegyptische Königsdynastie, "APAW 1852" (Berlin 1853), 425-455, pl. 1 Lepsius, Denkmaeler 1853
  • : Urkunden der 18. dynastie Abteilung IV, Band II, Heft 5-8, 607-610 (Leipzig, 1906)
  • : The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, II2, 112 [342]. Oxford
  • Grimal, Nicolas: "Les ancêtres de Karnak". Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles- Lettres 154, N. 1, 2010. pp. 343-370
  • Map with original location of the king list Karnak, Akh-menu (Festival Hall of Thutmosis III), room SF.5

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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