The remains of the impressive temples of ancient Egypt still inspire awe, despite the fact they were built more than 2000 years ago, some closer to 5000 years ago. Many were buried by desert sand (and thus preserved) for hundreds, if not thousands of years. Archaeological excavations revealed vast temples where it was previously thought there were only a few stones.
Seti I, Ramesses II
Calverley, The Temple of King Sethos at Abydos, 5 volumes
Necho I, Psamtik II, Ptolemy II, Ptolemy III, Ptolemy V, Ptolemy VI, Trajanus and other Roman emperors
Description d'Egypte, I, plates 1-29
Champollion, Monuments de Egypte, I, plates 75-94
Lepsius, Denkmaeler, IV
Karnak Great Temple
Senusret I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep II and many more. The largest temple complex in Egypt.
Champollion, Monuments, III, plates 277-299; IV, 300-317
Description d'Egypte, III, plates 16-67
Amenhotep III, Amenhotep IV, Tutankhamun, Horemhab, Ramesses II, Nectanebo I, Alexander the Great
Champollion, Monuments, IV, plates 318-349
Description d'Egypte, III, plates 1-15
Description d'Egypte, II, plates 23-33
Description d'Egypte, II, plates 2-18
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 195-200; III, 201-228
Colossii of Memnon
Pococke, A Description of the East, pl. 36-37
Description d'Egypte, II, plates 20-22
Lepsius, Denkmaeler, I 91; VI 46-80; Text III, 140-147
Amenhotep III (demolished in early 1820s)
Description d'Egypte, I, plates 31-38
Pepi I, Mentuhotep II, Amenemhat I, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Ramesses II, Ramses III, Ptolemaios XII Auletes, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Trajanus, Antonius Pius and more
Mariette, Dendérah, 6 volumes, (Paris: 1870-75)
Description d'Egypte, IV, plates 2-34
Description d'Egypte, I, plates 48-65
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 123-139ter
Champollion, Monuments, I, plates 3-38bis
Lepsius, Denkmaeler, III 185-196 and more.
Thutmose III, Amenhotep II, Ramesses II, Merenptah, Siptah
Champollion, Monuments, I, plates 44-49
Darius I, Darius II, Akoris, Necho I, Necho II, and several Ptolemaic pharaohs
Kumma / Semna (Sudan)
Senusret III, Thutmose III, Amenhotep II
Lepsius, Denkmaeler, I, 112-113; III 47-59
Champollion, Monuments, I, plates 61-74
Gebel el-Silsila (Kheny)
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 102-122ter
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 145-145ter
Hermonthis Iuny Shema
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 146-148ter
Valley of the Kings
New Kingdom pharaohs
1739: Pococke, Richard. A description of the East, pl. 30-34.
1799: Napoleon's Egyptian Expedition, published in Description de l’Égypte, Vol. 2, pl. 77-92
1825: James Burton, Hieroplyphica
1829: Jean-François Champollion, Monuments, pl. II 149-191bis, III 231-276
1844-45: Lepsius Denkmaeler
1816: Giovanni Battista Belzoni excavations
1820/30: Robert Hay
For more information, please visit
The Theban Mapping Project.
Valley of the Queens
New Kingdom queens
OK – Old Kingdom
MK – Middle Kingdom
NK – New Kingdom
SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Thebes – The Southern capital
Memphis – The Northern capital
Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.
Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.
Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.
Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name
Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script
Hyksos – Greek form of
Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.