Monuments and temples

The remains of the impressive temples of ancient Egypt still inspire awe, despite the fact they were built more than 2000 years ago, some closer to 5000 years ago. Many were buried by desert sand (and thus preserved) for hundreds, if not thousands of years. Archaeological excavations revealed vast temples where it was previously thought there were only a few stones.

Abu Simbel grand temple

List of temples and monuments


Seti I, Ramesses II

Calverley, The Temple of King Sethos at Abydos, 5 volumes


Necho I, Psamtik II, Ptolemy II, Ptolemy III, Ptolemy V, Ptolemy VI, Trajanus and other Roman emperors

Description d'Egypte, I, plates 1-29
Champollion, Monuments de Egypte, I, plates 75-94
Lepsius, Denkmaeler, IV

Karnak Great Temple

Senusret I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep II and many more. The largest temple complex in Egypt.

Champollion, Monuments, III, plates 277-299; IV, 300-317
Description d'Egypte, III, plates 16-67


Amenhotep III, Amenhotep IV, Tutankhamun, Horemhab, Ramesses II, Nectanebo I, Alexander the Great

Champollion, Monuments, IV, plates 318-349
Description d'Egypte, III, plates 1-15


Ramesses II

Description d'Egypte, II, plates 23-33

Medinet Habu

Ramesses III

Description d'Egypte, II, plates 2-18
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 195-200; III, 201-228

Colossii of Memnon

Amenhotep III

  Pococke, A Description of the East, pl. 36-37
  Description d'Egypte, II, plates 20-22
  Lepsius, Denkmaeler, I 91; VI 46-80; Text III, 140-147

Deir el-Medina



Amenhotep III (demolished in early 1820s)

Description d'Egypte, I, plates 31-38


Pepi I, Mentuhotep II, Amenemhat I, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Ramesses II, Ramses III, Ptolemaios XII Auletes, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Trajanus, Antonius Pius and more

Mariette, Dendérah, 6 volumes, (Paris: 1870-75)
Description d'Egypte, IV, plates 2-34


Ptolemaic dynasty

Description d'Egypte, I, plates 48-65
Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 123-139ter

Abu Simbel

Ramesses II

Champollion, Monuments, I, plates 3-38bis
Lepsius, Denkmaeler, III 185-196 and more.


Thutmose III, Amenhotep II, Ramesses II, Merenptah, Siptah

Champollion, Monuments, I, plates 44-49


Darius I, Darius II, Akoris, Necho I, Necho II, and several Ptolemaic pharaohs

Kumma / Semna (Sudan)

Senusret III, Thutmose III, Amenhotep II

Lepsius, Denkmaeler, I, 112-113; III 47-59

Beit el-Wali

Ramesses II

Champollion, Monuments, I, plates 61-74

Gebel el-Silsila (Kheny)

Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 102-122ter

Latopolis (Esna)

Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 145-145ter

Hermonthis Iuny Shema

Champollion, Monuments, II, plates 146-148ter

Valley of the Kings

New Kingdom pharaohs

1739: Pococke, Richard. A description of the East, pl. 30-34.
1799: Napoleon's Egyptian Expedition, published in Description de l’Égypte, Vol. 2, pl. 77-92
1825: James Burton, Hieroplyphica
1829: Jean-François Champollion, Monuments, pl. II 149-191bis, III 231-276
1844-45: Lepsius Denkmaeler
1816: Giovanni Battista Belzoni excavations
1820/30: Robert Hay

For more information, please visit
The Theban Mapping Project.

Valley of the Queens

New Kingdom queens

End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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