Other king lists

Lesser king lists that contains five or more pharaohs.

There are a number of king lists that are not as well known as the larger canons that were inscribed on temple walls. They come from various periods but all have in common that they contain the names of a number of kings.

Abydos king list of Ramesses II

30 pharaohs
Date: 19th dynasty
Provenance: Temple of Ramesses II at Abydos → Kingston Lacy → British Museum
Description: The memorial temple of Ramesses II at Abydos was excavated by William John Bankes in 1818, where this tablet of kings was found. It was acquired by the British Museum in 1837, as inventory number EA 117. It was inspired by the nearby Abydos Canon, the king list of Ramesses’ father Seti I, with the names of Ramesses added, and likely adorned one of the walls of the temple. Some of the names are written slightly different compared to the same names on his fathers list.

The first row (1–13) has the same sequence of kings as numbers 40–52 on the Abydos King-list. The names are badly damaged.
The second row (14–31) has the same sequence as numbers 61–76, plus Ramesses II’s prenomen and nomen (30-31.)
The third row repeats Ramesses II’s nomen and prenomen.

Ramesses II king list from Abydos, now in the British Museum
Content of the tablet
#First row right to leftAC#Second row right to leftAC
1 Netjerka(ra) 4014 Nebukaura61
2 Menka(ra) 4115 Khakheperura62
3 Neferkara 4216 Khakaura63
4 Neferka(ra) Nebseneb 4317 Nimaatra64
5 Djedkara Shemai 4418 Maakherura65
6 Neferkara Khendu 4519 Nebpehtyra66
7 Merenhor 4620 Djoserkara67
8 Seneferka(ra) 4721 Aakheperkara68
9 Nikara 4822 Aakheperenra69
10 Neferkara Tereru 4923 Menkheperra70
11 Neferka(Hor) 5024 Aakheperura71
12 Neferka(ra) Pepiseneb 5125 Menkheperura72
13 Neferkamin Anu 5226 Nebmaatra73
27 Djoserkheperu Setepenamun74
28 Menpehtyra75
29 Menmaatra76
30 Usermaatra
31 Ramessu Meryamun


Bankes. (1820). Unpublished, National Trust NT 1257799
Champollion. (1826). "Lettres", plate 6
Young. (1828). "Hieroglyphics", II, plate 47
Prisse. (1847). "Monuments", plate 2

Giza king list

6 pharaohs
Date: Dynasty V
Provenance: Giza Mastaba G1011 pit C - JE 37734 - Museum of Fine Arts Boston (Accession no. 13.4301)
Description: The Giza writing board was made of polished cedar wood and gypsum, presenting a short list of six pharaohs from different dynasties.

Giza Mastaba G1011 pit C writing board (press enter to view full image)

Names on the board, bottom to top

Name in cartouchePharaohDynasty
NeferirkaraNeferirkara I KakaiV


Reisner, G. "A Scribe's Tablet found by the Hearst Expedition at Giza" ZÄS 48 (1910): 113-114
Porter and Moss. (1974). Topographical Bibliography, III2, 52
Brovarski, E. "Two Old Kingdom writing boards from Giza" ASAE 71 (1987): 27-54, pl. 1

Tomb of Inherkhau

7 pharaohs
Date: Reign of Ramesses IV (dynasty XX)
Provenance: Deir el-Medinah, TT 359, room F
Description: Remains of deceased censing and wife before two rows of seated kings, queens, and princes, with Huy, painter, at end of lower row. Now mostly lost, but preserved by Lepsius' drawing.

Tomb of Inherkha, (eastern wall in chamber F) Lepsius, Denkmaeler, III, plate 2d
Names in the scene
#PharaohName in cartouche
1Amenhotep IDjoserkara (prenomen)
2Ahmose INebpehtyra
3Siamun (prince)
4Ramesses IMenpehtyra
5Mentuhotep IINebhapetra
6Amenhotep IAmenhotep (nomen)
8Ramesses IVHeqamaatra Setepenamun
10Thutmose IIAakheperkara


Lepsius, Denkmaeler aus Aegypten, III, plate 2d
Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography, I, 422 (4)
Photo gallery of the list in TT359 at IFAO's Deir el Medina archive.

King list of Den

5 pharaohs
Date: Reign of Den (Dynasty I)
Provenance: Abydos tomb T
Description: Seal impression containing a sequence of six names: Narmer, Aha, Djer, Djet, Den, and (queen) Merneith. This is a clear indication that Narmer founded the dynasty. The inclusion of queen Merneith suggests that she acted as regent for Den when he was young.

Seal from tomb of Den


Dreyer, G. "Ein Siegel der frühzeitlichen Köningsnekropole van Abydos" MDAIK 43 (1986): 33-43. Abb. 2-3. Taf. 4-5
Kaiser W. "Zum Siegel mit frühen Königsnamen von Umm el-Qaab" MDAIK 43 (1986): 115-119; Abb. 1-2;

King list of Qa'a

8 pharaohs
Date: Reign of Qa'a (Dynasty I)
Provenance: Abydos tomb Q
Description: Seal impression containing a sequence of eight names: Narmer, Aha, Djer, Wadj, Den, Anedjib, Semerkhet, and Qaa. This seal confirms that Narmer was the first king of the dynasty, as on the Den seal (above.) Queen Merneith's name is absent, which seems to confirm futher that she acted as regent for a young Den.

Seal from tomb of Qaa at Abydos


Dreyer G. et. al. "Umm el-Qaab. Nachuntersuchungen im frühzeitlichen Königsfriedhof. 7./8. Vorbericht." MDAIK 52 (1996): Abb. 26. Taf. 14 b, c.

Wadi Hammamat king list

5 pharaohs
Date: Dynasty XII-XIII
Provenance: Wadi Hammamat rock inscription
Description: The rock inscription at Wadi el-Fawachir in Wadi Hamamat consists of with five royal names and a short honorary prayer. Based on paleography, it is generally thought that the list was not contemporary with the fourth dynasty, but rather created during the twelfth or thirteenth dynasties – some 600 years later. The five names are (right to left): Khufu, Radjedef, Khafra, Hordjedefra, and Baufra.

Wadi Hammamat rock inscription


Drioton, E. "Une Liste des Rois de la IV Dynastie dans l'Ouadi Hammamat" in Bulletin de la Société Français d'égyptologie 16 (1954): 41-49
Janosi, P (2005). Giza in der 4. Dynastie. Die Baugeschichte und Belegung einer Nekropole des Alten Reiches. I. 64-65

The Royal Annals

26 pharaohs
Date: Dynasty V
Provenance: unknown, maybe Memphis
Description: The seven surviving fragments of a stele known as the Royal Annals of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt include the Palermo Stone and its associated fragments. The stele contained a list of the kings of Egypt from predynastic kings through to the early part of the Fifth Dynasty and noted significant events in each year of their reigns. Because most of the stele is missing, the names that could be found on it is lost, but can be inferred by counting their known or assumed length of reign. This is obviously not a guarantee that a certain name was actually found on here.
The predynastic kings of lower Egypt that is on the list are as follows: Imikhet, Wenegbu, Niheb, Tiu, Itjiesh, Khaiu, and Seka.
The dynastic kings present are: Aha, Teti, Djer, Den, Ninetjer, Khasekhemwy, Djoser, Snoferu, Hunim Shepseskaf, Userkaf, Sahura and Neferirkara. Narmer, Aha, Djer, Den, Anedjib, Ninetjer, Khasekhemwy, Djoser, Huni, Snofru, Khufu, Djedefra, Shepseskaf, Userkaf, Sahura, Neferirkara, Semerkhet, Ka, and Sekhemkhet.

The Royal Annals

Names in the Annals

FragmentNames foundImplicit names
Palermo Predynastic: Imikhet, Wenegbu, Niheb, Tiu, Itjiesh, Khaiu, and Seka
Dynastic: Sneferu, Shepseskaf,
Cairo 1Djer, Sneferu, Aha
Cairo 2Khufu, .....
Cairo 3Djedefra, .....
Cairo 4Sneferu, Khufu, .....
Cairo 5DenAha


Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, vol. I, §§ 76–167. (Chicago: 1906)
von Beckerath, Chronologie des Pharaonischen Ägypten, (Mainz am Rhein: 1997)
Maspero, Le Musée égyptien: recueil de monuments et de notices sur les fouilles d'Egypte, Vol 3, pp. 29-53, plates XXIV-XXXI (Cairo: 1915)
Sethe. Urkunden des alten Reiches, I, 235-249 (Leipzig: 1933)
Wilkinson, Royals Annals of Ancient Egypt, (London/New York: 2000)

South Saqqara Stone

4 pharaohs
Date: Dynasty VI
Provenance: Saqqara, storeroom south of the pyramid of Queen Iput II.
Description: The South Saqqara Stone was originally inscribed with a list of the pharaohs of the 6th dynasty from Teti, Userkara, Pepi I, Merenra I to the early years of Pepi II when it was likely created. It records each year of a king's reign, but unfortunately, it was reused for as tje sarcophagus lid for Ankhenespepi I, a queen of Pepi I, and mother of Nemtiemsaf I, and most of its inscriptions were erased.

The South Saqqara Stone


Baud, M & Dobrev, V. "De nouvelles annales de l'Ancien Empire égyptien. Une 'Pierre de Palerme' pour la VIe dynastie." BIFAO 95 (1995): 23-63

Tomb of Sekhemkara

5 pharaohs
Date: early Dynasty V
Provenance: Giza, tomb 89 of Lepsius.
Description: On the top of a false door.

Tomb of Sekhemkara, Lepsius, Denkmaeler, II, plate 41a

Names in the scene:

1. Khafra     2. Menkaura     3. Shepseskaf     4. Userkaf     5. Sahura


Lepsius. (1849). "Denkmäler aus Ägypten" II, 41a
Sethe. (1933). Urkunden des alten Reiches, I, §15(106), 166
Porter and Moss. (1974). Topographical Bibliography, III2, 233-34

Tomb of Netjerpunesut (Nesutpunuter?)

6 pharaohs
Date: early Dynasty V
Provenance: Giza, central field, small mastaba.
Description: Doorway lintel with the names of six kings.

Urkunden des Alten Reiches, i, 166

Names in the scene:

1. Radjedef     2. Khafra     3. Menkaura     4. Shepseskaf     5. Userkaf     6. Sahura


Sethe. (1933). Urkunden des alten Reiches, I, §16(107), 166
Porter and Moss. (1974). Topographical Bibliography, III2, 278
Gauthier. (1925). Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'égypte, 160
Reisner. (1942) A History of the Giza Necropolis, I, p. 314 (a) Mastaba of Neter-puw-nesuwt.

End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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