Also known as: Hor-Aha Dynasty I

King Aha is well attested in the archaeological records, but only by his Horus name. As throne names were not yet invented, the consensus is that the names of the early kings in the Abydos king list Teti, and the Turin papyrus' Ity, are instead nebty names. In the king lists of the New Kingdom, the nebty names were placed into cartouches as the scribes were unable to recognize or locate the corresponding names from the ancient sources.

Reign of Aha
AE Chronologyc. 2870
von Beckerath3007–2925
Manetho (Africanus)57 years
Manetho (Eusebius)27 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Aha: Aha
Horus the fighter
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plates III, X, XI
British Museum EA 38010
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 38-39, 1:H
Throne name
Throne name of Aha: Teti*
of true greatness
Abydos king list 2
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 38-39, 2:E1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Aha: Ity*
Royal Canon of Turin 3.12
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), II:12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 38-39, 2:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus i, 2 Aθωθις Athothis Athothis 57 years
Eusebius i, 2 Aθωθις Athothis Athothis 27 years
Eratosthenes 2 Aθωθης Athothes Athothis 59 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 38–39
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 7–8
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 3–4; 29–30
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 25


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

CC BY   Creative Commons

All content on this website is free to copy, redistribute and adapt in any medium or format, provided you give the appropriate credit. Yes, this includes images and texts. Keep information free!

This page was retrieved from PHARAOH.SE
© 2011–2023 by Peter Lundström — Some Rights Reserved — V. 4.0
Disclaimer: Content should be accurate, but errors and/or omissions are possible.
All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources! Best on a large screen.