Cambyses II

 Dynasty XXVII


Reign of Cambyses II
525–522
Manetho (Africanus)6 years
Manetho (Eusebius)5 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Cambyses II: Sema tawy
Sema tawy
smꜢ-tꜢwi
The one who has united the Two Lands
zmA-N16:N16
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, Bibliothèque d'Étude 11 (1936): 35 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 1:H
Throne name
Throne name of Cambyses II: Mesut Ra
Mesut Ra
mswt-rꜤ
The offspring of Ra
ra-ms-w-U33
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, Bibliothèque d'Étude 11 (1936): 35 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 1:T1
Birth name
Birth name of Cambyses II: Kembud
Kembud
kmbḏ
Kambus (Cambyses)
k:m-b-w-DA
Hammamat inscription no. 164
Couyat, Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouâdi Hammâmât, MIFAO 34 (1912), 93-94
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 283m
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Cambyses II: Kembud
Kembud
kmbḏ
Kambus (Cambyses)
k-m-b-i-T:t
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, Bibliothèque d'Étude 11 (1936): 35 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 1:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvii, 1 Καμβυσης Kambyses Cambyses 6 years
Eusebius xxvii, 1 Καμβυσης Kambyses Cambyses 3 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 220–221
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 136–139
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 167–168

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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