Darius I

 Dynasty XXVII


Reign of Darius I
AE Chronology521–486
von Beckerath522–486
Shaw522–486
Dodson521–486
Redford521–486

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Darius I: Menekh ib
Menekh ib
mnḫ-ib
The one splendid of mind
mn:n:x*ib
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Darius I: Wer neb mery Shemau
Wer neb mery Shemau
wr-nb-mri-šmꜤw
Chieftain and Lord, beloved of Upper Egypt
A21A-nb-M162-i*i:N36
Counterweight (Cairo Museum JE 37050)
ASAE, 8, 51
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Darius I:
zA&1-i-mn:n-A40A-s-t:p-stp&n-C2B-m-F26:n-W24&w-pr\70:1-i-f:d:a:4-s-n:Z2
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 38
Hibis Temple exterior, west wall
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Darius I:
nb:t-?:?:?-Z3-mr-i-i-R8A-Z3-R8-t:r-t:H8-A40-Z3-nb:Z2-W24:1-N16:U7\:r-i-rnp-O49:O49-Z3
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 38
Hibis Temple exterior, west wall
Throne name
Throne name of Darius I: Setut Ra
Setut Ra
stwt-rꜤ
Progeny of Ra
ra-s-t:t-w
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 48
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:T1
Throne name variant A
Throne name (variant A) of Darius I: Mery Amun-Ra
Mery Amun-Ra
mry imn-rꜤ
C2A\-C12A-N36-i-i
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 45
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:T2
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Darius I: Mery Amun-Ra, neb Hebet, netjer aa,
 nakht khepesh
Mery Amun-Ra, neb Hebet, netjer aa, nakht khepesh
mri-imn-rꜤ nb-ḥbt nṯr-ꜤꜢ nḫt-ḫpš
Beloved of Amun-Ra, Lord of Hibis, the great god, the one strong of arm
i-mn:n:ra*Z1-k:O4A-b-t:O49-aAv-nTr-F12A-D40:xpS-N36
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:T3
Throne name variant C
Throne name (variant C) of Darius I: Mery Amun, [neb] Hebet, user nakht khepesh
Mery Amun, [neb] Hebet, user nakht khepesh
mri-imn [nb]-ḥbt wsr-nḫt-ḫpš
Beloved of Amun, [Lord of] Hibis, the one strong of arm
i-mn:n-O4A&b-t:O49-wsr-r:D40-xpS:N36
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 32
Throne name variant D
Throne name (variant D) of Darius I: Mery Amun, [neb] Hebet, user nakht khepesh
Mery Amun, [neb] Hebet, user nakht khepesh
mri-imn [nb]-ḥbt wsr-nḫt-ḫpš
Beloved of Amun, [Lord of] Hibis, the one strong of arm
i-mn:n-O4A&b-t:O49-F12A-s-r:D40-xpS:N36
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 32
Birth name
Birth name of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
ini-ti-E23-i-i-Ar-M8A
Davies, The Temple of Hibis in el Khargeh Oasis (1953), III, pl. 9, passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E6
Birth name variant A
Birth name (variant A) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
N17:E23-wA-M8
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, 37 (5)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E1
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
N17:r-w-M8A
Hammamat inscription no. 14
Couyat, Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouâdi Hammâmât, MIFAO 34 (1912), 39
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E2
Birth name variant C
Birth name (variant C) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
N17:E23-i-i-w-M8A
Bronze plaque (Cairo Museum JE 38050)
Birth name variant D
Birth name (variant D) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
T:r-i-i-w-M8A
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, 93 (13)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E3
Birth name variant E
Birth name (variant E) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
ini-N17:r-w-M8A
Hammamat inscription no. 186
Couyat, Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouâdi Hammâmât, MIFAO 34 (1912), 96
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E4
Birth name variant F
Birth name (variant F) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
ini-ti-E23-M8A
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, 130 (35)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E5
Birth name variant G
Birth name (variant G) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
ini-ti-M20-E23-M8A
Stela of Pedusiri-pare kneeling before Darius I (Berlin, ÄM 7493)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E7
Birth name variant H
Birth name (variant H) of Darius I: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
n:d-rw-E9:T\
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, 21 (E)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 2:E8

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvii, 2 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 36 years
Eusebius xxvii, 3 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 36 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 220–221
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 140–150
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 168

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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