Djer

Also known as: Hor-Djer Dynasty I

The Abydos King List lists the third pharaoh as Ity, thile the Turin papyrus lists a name beginning with It... The Manetho list of Africanus give Athothis, while Eusebius give Cencenes.

Reign of Djer
AE Chronology2870–2823
von Beckerath2974–2927
Malek2939–2892
Grimal3100–3055
Manetho (Africanus)31 years
Manetho (Eusebius)39 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Djer: Djer
Djer
ḏr
Defender of Horus
M37
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate XII (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 38-39, 3:H
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Djer: Ny-nebu*
Ny-nebu*
ni-nbw
He who belongs to the Golden One
n:nbw
BIFAO 12 (1916). p. 163
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 38-39, 3:G
Throne name
Throne name of Djer: Iteti*
Iteti*
itti
The ruler
i-t-ti
Abydos king list 3
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 38-39, 3:E
Throne name variant
Throne name of Djer: Iteti*
Iteti*
itti
The ruler has arrived
i-ti-t
Cairo fragment 1 recto
Wilkinson, Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt
Throne name variant
Throne name of Djer: It...*
It...*
it...
i-t-//
Royal Canon of Turin 3.13
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), II, 13

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus i, 3 Κενκενης Kenkenes Kenkenis 31 years
Eusebius i, 3 Κενκενης Kenkenes Cencenes 39 years
Eratosthenes 3 Aθωθης Athothes Athothis 32 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 38–39
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 92–94
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 30–31
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 25

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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