Also known as: Hetepsekhemwy, Hotepsekhemui Dynasty II

The Horus name Hotepsekhemwy is well attested, but his birth name was Hotepnebty. The New Kingdom king list gives his name as Bedjau, Bedjetau, Baunetjer. Due to the hieratic sign similarity of Hotepnebty to Bedjau, it was likely corrupted by later scribes, and. Baunetjer was a further corruption of Bedjau. The names from Manetho, Boethos (Africanus) and Bokhos (Eusebius,) are in turn likely Greek corruptions of Bedjau.

Reign of Hotepsekhemwy
AE Chronologyc. 2730
von Beckerath2828–2800
Manetho (Africanus)38 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Hotepsekhemwy: Hotep sekhemwy
Hotep sekhemwy
Horus, reconciliation of the two powers
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate VIII (8-11)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 1:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Hotepsekhemwy: Hotep nebty
Hotep nebty
The Two Ladies are satisfied
Kaplony, Inschriften der ägyptischen Frühzeit, III, 76 (281-2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 1:N
Throne name
Throne name of Hotepsekhemwy: Bedjau*
The smelter
Abydos king list 9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 1:E2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Hotepsekhemwy: Bedjetau*
Giza writing board from Mastaba G 1011 C, Egyptian Museum, Cairo JE 37734
Brovarski, Two Old Kingdom writing boards from Giza in ASAE 71, plate 1
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 2:E1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Hotepsekhemwy: Bau netjer*
Bau netjer*
Divine soul
Saqqara king list 56
Can also be read as Netjeribau
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 1:1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Hotepsekhemwy: ...bau netjeru*
...bau netjeru*
Divine souls
Royal Canon of Turin 3.20
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), II:20
Can also be read as Netjeribau
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 1:2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus ii, 1 Βoηθoς Boethos Boithos 38 years
Eusebius ii, 1 Βωχος Bokhos Bochus


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 42–43
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 124–126
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 37
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 27–28


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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