Intef III

Also known as: Antef III, Anjotef III, Inyotef III Dynasty XI

Turin papyrus column 6.16 contains the name of Mentuhotep II, and counting back from that, line 6.15 would have contained the name of his father, Intef III. None of the Intefs of the eleventh dynasty used the full titulary of the Old Kingdom.

Reign of Intef III
AE Chronology2016–2009
von Beckerath2054–2046
Shaw2063–2055
Dodson2074–2066
Malek2058–2050
Grimal2069–2061
Franke2016–2008
Redford2068–2061
Turin Canonx+8 (years?)

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Intef III: Nakht neb tep-nefer
Nakht neb tep-nefer
nḫt-nb-tp-nfr
The possessor of a perfect beginning is victorious
n:xt:t-nb:tp*Z1-nfr
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §20.13
Limestone stela of Tjetji in British Museum, EA614 (row 13)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 76-77, 4:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Intef III: Nakht neb tep-nefer
Nakht neb tep-nefer
nḫt-nb-tp-nfr
The possessor of a perfect beginning is victorious
n:xt:ra*t-nb:tp*nfr
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §23.2
Limestone stela of Intef, British Museum EA1203
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 76-77, 4:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Intef III: Neb tep-nefer
Neb tep-nefer
nb-tp-nfr
The possessor of a perfect beginning?
nb:tp*Z1-nfr
Funerary stela of Megegi. Metropolitan Museum 14.2.6
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §22.4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 76-77, 4:H3
Birth name
Birth name of Intef III: Sa Ra Intef
Sa Ra Intef
zꜢrꜤ-ini-it.f
Intef, son of Ra
zA-ra-ini-n:t:f
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §20.13
Limestone stela of Tjetji in British Museum, EA614 (row 13)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 76-77, 4:E1

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 76–77
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 147–148
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 227
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 53

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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