Khyan

Also known as: Khian, Khayan Dynasty XV

Africanus' Staan was likely an error copying the name Siaan. Josephus' names Iannas in the corresponding place, which would seem to be a mistake for Khyan's eldest son Yanassi.

Reign of Khyan
Ryholt1621–1581

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Khyan: Ineq taw
Ineq taw
inḳ-tꜢw
The one who has embraced the lands
i-n:q-D32-N21:3
Lower part of usurped statue, (Cairo Museum, CG 389, JE 28574)
D32 sign is clearly visible, but not shown because it is a remnant of the usurpation.
Naville, Bubastis, 23, pls. 21; 35A
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 114-115, 4:H
Throne name
Throne name of Khyan: Seuser en Ra
Seuser en Ra
s-wsr.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made strong
ra-s*F78:n
Lower part of usurped statue, (Cairo Museum, CG 389, JE 28574)
Naville, Bubastis, 23, pls. 21; 35A
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 114-115, 4:T
Birth name
Birth name of Khyan: Khyan
Khyan
ḫyꜢn
x-i-i-A:n
Lower part of usurped statue, (Cairo Museum, CG 389, JE 28574)
Naville, Bubastis, 23, pls. 21; 35A
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 114-115, 4:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Khyan: Heqa khasut, Khyan
Heqa khasut, Khyan
hḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt ḫyꜢn
The Ruler of Foreign Lands, Khyan
HqA-q-N25:Z2-x-i-i-A:n
Scarab seal, (Cairo Museum, CG 36027, JE 30458)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 114-115, 4:E2
Throne + Birth name
Throne + Birth name of Khyan: Netjer nefer seuser en Ra, za-Ra Khyan
Netjer nefer seuser en Ra, za-Ra Khyan
nṯr-nfr swsr.n-rꜤ ḫyꜢn
The Good God, the one whom Ra has made strong, Khyan
nTr-nfr-ra-s-F78-n-zA&&&ra-x-i-i-A-n
Alabaster lid in Archaelogical Museum of Heraklion, Crete, No. Λ 263
Egypt Exploration Fund Archaeological report, 1900-1901, 37
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 114-115, 4:T+E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xv, 4 Στααν Staan Staan 50 years
Josephus 81 Iαννας Iannas Jannas 50 years, 1 month

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 114–115
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 194–196
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 135–137
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 82
Ryholt, K. (1997). The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. 120–121

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

CC BY   Creative Commons
license


All content on this website is free to copy, redistribute and adapt in any medium or format, provided you give the appropriate credit. Yes, this includes images and texts. Keep information free!

This page was retrieved from PHARAOH.SE
PHARAOH.SE
© 2011–2021 by Peter Lundström — Some Rights Reserved — V. 4.0
Disclaimer: Content should be accurate, but errors and/or omissions are possible.
All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources! Best on a large screen.