Nebirau II

Also known as: Nebiryraw II Dynasty XVI

Reign of Nebirau II


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Birth name
Birth name of Nebirau II: Neb iry (er) au Ra
Neb iry (er) au Ra
The possessor of all (the things of) Ra
Royal Canon of Turin 11.6
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), XI:6
. Ramesside Inscriptions, II, 842:14
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 126-127, 7:E


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 126–127
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 242–243
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 79
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 84–85


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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