Dynasty II

Another elusive pharaoh, Neferkasokar, is thought to only have ruled in Lower Egypt during a time of unstability. He is mentioned in the New Kingdom lists, appearing in the Saqqara, and Turin king lists, but is absent from the Abydos king list. No contemporary artefacts with the name has been found.

Reign of Neferkasokar
von Beckerath2719–2711
Turin Canon8y 3m.
Manetho (Africanus)26 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Neferkasokar: Nefer ka Sokar*
Nefer ka Sokar*
The perfect one of the ka of Sokar
Saqqara king list 50
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 44-45, 7:E1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Neferkasokar: Nefer ka Sokar*
Nefer ka Sokar*
The perfect one of the Ka of Sokar
Royal Canon of Turin 4.1
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:1
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 44-45, 7:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus ii, 7 Nεφερχερης Nepherkheres Nephercheris 26 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 44–45
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 270–271
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 27
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 30


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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