Osorkon I

 Dynasty XXII


Reign of Osorkon I
AE Chronology922–888
von Beckerath925–890
Dodson927–892
Redford910–896
Manetho15 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Osorkon I: Ka nakht mery Ra redjen su Itemu her nesetef er gereg tawy
Ka nakht mery Ra redjen su Itemu her nesetef er gereg tawy
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ rdi.n-s(w)-itm-ḥr-nst.f-r-grg-tꜢwi
The strong bull beloved of Ra, whom
E1:D40-ra:mr-r:t:a:n:z-A304A-D2:t-g:O1\70-f:r:U18-M127-wAD
Naville, Bubastis, plate XLI (D)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Osorkon I: Ka nakht mery Ra redjen su Itemu her nesetef er gereg tawy
Ka nakht mery Ra redjen su Itemu her nesetef er gereg tawy
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ rdi.n-s(w)-itm-ḥr-nst.f-r-grg-tꜢwi
The strong bull beloved of Ra, whom Atum put on his throne in order to establish the Two Lands
E1:D40-ra:mr-G7-r:a-t:n-s-A304A-D2:Z1-g:t*Z4-f:r-U17:Y1-N17:N17:N23*N23
Donation Stela, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no. 10.176.42
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Osorkon I: Saa kheperu wer biaut
Saa kheperu wer biaut
sꜤꜢ-ḫprw wr-biꜢwt
The one who has magnified (his) manifestations is one great of marvels
s-aA:a-xpr:r-W-A53-wr:r-U16-Y1:Z2
Donation Stela, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no. 10.176.42
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Osorkon I: Nakht khepesh der pedjut 9
Nakht khepesh der pedjut 9
nḫt ḫpš dr-pḏt-9
The strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows, the sovereign who has seized all lands
A24-xpS-d:r-A24-pD:t*1-3:3:3-T14-A1*A40:Z2
Donation Stela, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no. 10.176.42
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:G1
Throne name
Throne name of Osorkon I: Sekhem kheper Ra
Sekhem kheper Ra
sḫm-ḫpr-rꜤ
The powerful one is a manifestation of Ra
ra-sxm-xpr
A catalogue of the Egyptian antiquities in the possession of F.G. Hilton Price, no. 1740
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Osorkon I: Sekhem kheper Ra, setep en Ra
Sekhem kheper Ra, setep en Ra
sḫm-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The powerful one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Ra
ra-sxm-xpr-stp&n&ra
Naville, Bubastis, plate XLI (D)
The Epigraphic Survey, The Bubastite portal, (OIP 74), plate 14
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:T1
Birth name
Birth name of Osorkon I: Userken mery Amun
Userken mery Amun
wsrkn mri-imn
Osorkon, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:N36-wA-Aa18-r:k:n
The Epigraphic Survey, The Bubastite portal, (OIP 74), plate 14
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Osorkon I: Userken mery Amun
Userken mery Amun
wsr-kn mri-imn
Osorkon, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:N36-wA-Aa18-i-r:k:n
Naville, Bubastis, plate XLI (D)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Osorkon I: Userken
Userken
wsrkn
Osorkon
wA\-Aa18-r:k:N17
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des steles du Serapeum de Memphis, no. 31
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 2:E3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxii, 2 Oσορθων Osorthon Osorthon 15 years
Eusebius xxii, 2 Oσορθων Osorthon Osorthon 15 years
Jerome Osorthon 15 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 184–185
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 324–332
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 145–146

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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