Pepi I

Also known as: Pepy I Dynasty VI

Pepi I pursued an expansion of the kingdom into Nubia, and traded with far away places. Pepi's pyramid complex, Men-nefer Pepi,, later gave name to the whole city of Memphis. The name means "enduring and perfect (is the pyramid) of Pepi".
His first throne name, Nefersahor, perfect is the protection of Horus, was later altered to Meryra, beloved of Ra, perhaps in response to the increased influence of the sun cult of Ra.

Reign of Pepi I
AE Chronology2276–2228
von Beckerath2310–2260
Shaw2321–2287
Dodson2265–2219
Allen2289–2255
Malek2280–2243
Franke2295–2250
Redford2354–2310
Turin Canon44 years
Manetho (Africanus)53 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Pepi I: Mery tawy
Mery tawy
mry-tꜢwi
Beloved of the Two Lands
mr-i-i-N17:N17
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 94-95
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 115c & 116a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 62-63, 3:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Pepi I: Mery khet
Mery khet
mry-ẖt
Beloved of the Two Ladies’ bodies
mr-i-i-X:t
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 94-95
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 115c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 62-63, 3:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Pepi I: Biku nebu
Biku nebu
bik-wi-nbw
The triple golden falcons
G5*G5*G5:nbw
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 94-95
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 115c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 62-63, 3:G
Throne name
Throne name of Pepi I: Mery Ra
Mery Ra
mry-rꜤ
Beloved of Ra
ra-mr-i-i
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 115c & 116a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 62-63, 3:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Pepi I: Mery Ra*
Mery Ra*
mry-rꜤ
Beloved of Ra
ra-U7\:r-i-i
Abydos king list 36
Throne name variant
Throne name of Pepi I: Nefer sa Hor
Nefer sa Hor
nfr-zꜢ-ḥr
Perfect is the protection of Horus
G5-nfr-V18
Early throne name, later changed to Meryra.
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 208-209
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 62-63, 3:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Pepi I: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 5.4
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), IV:4
Birth name
Birth name of Pepi I: Pepi
Pepi
pipi
p-p-i-i
Saqqara king list 25
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 113g
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 62-63, 3:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus vi, 2 Φιος Phios Phius 53 years
Eratosthenes 19 Παμμης Aρχουδης Pammes Arkhondes Pammes Archondes 35 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 62–63
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 292–295
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 150–162
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 42

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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