Ptolemy III

Also known as: Ptolemaios Euergetes Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Ptolemy III
von Beckerath246–221
Shaw246–221
Dodson246–222
Redford246–222

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ptolemy III: Heken netjeru remetj heref
Heken netjeru remetj heref
ḥkn-nṯrw-rmṯ-ḥr.f
The one over whom gods and people have rejoiced
H-k:nw*W-nTr-H4:Z2-D2*Z1:f
Temple of Khonsu propylon at Karnak
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 9a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 234-235, 3:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ptolemy III: Heken netjeru remetj heref em shesepef nesyt em a itef
Heken netjeru remetj heref em shesepef nesyt em a itef
ḥkn-nṯrw-rmṯ-ḥr.f m-šsp.f-nsyt-m-Ꜥ-it.f
The one over whom gods and people have rejoiced when he has received the kingship from his father's hand
H-k:nw-nTrw-H4:3-D2:Z1-f:Aa15-O42B-A9-sw:t-i-i-G20-t:f:Z1:f
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, II, 121:10-11
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 234-235, 3:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ptolemy III: Heken netjeru remetj heref em shesepef nesyt em a itef
Heken netjeru remetj heref em shesepef nesyt em a itef
ḥkn-nṯrw-rmṯ-ḥr.f m-šsp.f-nsyt-m-Ꜥ-it.f
The one over whom gods and people have rejoiced when he has received the kingship from his father's hand
H-k:nw*W-nTrw-H4:3-D2*Z1:f-m-O42B:p-D40:f-sw-t-i-i-t:3-G20-t:f:Z1:f
Karnak debris
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text III, 40
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ptolemy III: Heken netjeru remetj heref em shesepef nesyt em a itef
Heken netjeru remetj heref em shesepef nesyt em a itef
ḥkn-nṯrw-rmṯ-ḥr.f m-šsp.f-nsyt-m-Ꜥ-it.f
The one over whom gods and people have rejoiced when he has received the kingship from his father's hand
H-k:nw-Z3-nTr-nr:3->-D2*Z1:f:M-O42B-Z9:p-v/-sw-t-i-i-G20-t:f:Z1:f
Philae temple
Brugsch, Recueil de Monuments Égyptiens, II, plate LXXV (4)
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ptolemy III: Qen nedjti netjeru ineb menekh en ta mery
Qen nedjti netjeru ineb menekh en ta mery
ḳn nḏti-nṯrw inb-mnḫ-n-tꜢmri
The brave one who has protected the gods, a potent wall for The Beloved Land
q*nw:n:D40-Aa27D-nw:t-Z3-nTr-O36-mnx-n:N17:U7-r:O49*O5U
Philae temple
Brugsch, Recueil de Monuments Égyptiens, II, plate LXXV (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 3:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy III: Wer pehty, ir akhut, neb habu-sed mi Ptah-Tatenen, ity mi Ra
Wer pehty, ir akhut, neb habu-sed mi Ptah-Tatenen, ity mi Ra
wr-pḥti iri-Ꜣḫt nb-ḥꜢbw-sd-mi-ptḥ-tꜢ-ṯnn ity-mi-rꜤ
Whose might is great, doing that which is beneficial, Lord of the years of Jubilee like Ptah Ta-Tjenen, a ruler like Ra
wr:r-F9*F9:ir-3&Ax&x:nb-O23-Z3-p:t-H-C19A-C18C-mi-i-U33-i-i-A311-mi-N6:Z1
Philae temple
Brugsch, Recueil de Monuments Égyptiens, II, plate LXXV (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 3:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ptolemy III: Iwa en senwy netjerwy, setep en Ra, sekhem ankh en Amun
Iwa en senwy netjerwy, setep en Ra, sekhem ankh en Amun
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-snwi stp.n-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
The heir of the two divine brothers, chosen by Ra, the living image of Amun
T22A60&nTr-T22A60&nTr-F44:n-C12-C2-stp:n-sxm-anx-S3
Temple of Khonsu propylon at Karnak
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 9a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 3:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy III: Iwa en senwy netjerwy, setep en Ra, sekhem ankh en Amun
Iwa en senwy netjerwy, setep en Ra, sekhem ankh en Amun
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-snwi stp.n-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
The heir of the two divine brothers, chosen by Ra, the living image of Amun
T22A\60&nTr-T22A\60&nTr-a:a-F44-C12A\-C2A-stp:n-sxm-anx
Philae temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 12e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 3:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy III: Iwa en senwy netjerwy, setep en Ra, sekhem ankh en Amun
Iwa en senwy netjerwy, setep en Ra, sekhem ankh en Amun
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-snwi stp.n-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
The heir of the two divine brothers, chosen by Ra, the living image of Amun
F44-nTr-Z3-T22A-C12A\-C2A-anx-Y18-stp:n
Brugsch, Recueil de monuments Égyptiens, II, plate LXXV (2)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 12d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 3:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Ptolemy III: Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah
Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemy, who lives eternally, beloved of Ptah
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&(t:N16)-p:t-H-mr
Temple of Khonsu propylon at Karnak
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 9a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 3:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ptolemy III: Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah
Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemy, who lives eternally, beloved of Ptah
p:t-l:W*M-i-i-s-C102A-anx-D&(t:N16)
Philae temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 12d

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Πτολεμαιος Ευεργετης Ptolemaios Euergétēs Ptolemy Euergetes

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 234–237
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 245–263
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 179–180

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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