Ptolemy VIII

Also known as: Ptolemaios Euergetes Physcon Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Ptolemy VIII
von Beckerath170–116
Shaw170–116
Dodson170–116
Redford145–116

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ptolemy VIII: Hunu, hekentu em ankhef her neset itef, mar sepu, djeser meskhauef hena hapu ankh
Hunu, hekentu em ankhef her neset itef, mar sepu, djeser meskhauef hena hapu ankh
ḥwnw ḥkn.tw-m-Ꜥnḫ.f-ḥr-nst-it.f mꜤr-zpw ḏsr-msḫꜤw.f-ḥnꜤ-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ
The youthful one, about whose life on his father’s throne one is joyful, successful of deeds, and whose appearances with the living Apis bull are sacred
H-wn:n-W:nw-A17-F18:k:n-D19:t-Aa56*anx:f-nw:x-D2:T28-1:pr-t:f:Z1:f-M30-O48:Z2A-D250:r-ms-xa:Z2:f-H-n:a-H-p:Aa5-anx-E1
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 39b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:H1
Horus name variant A
Horus name (variant A) of Ptolemy VIII: Hunu hekentu her nesut itef tit djeser net nesu netjeru setep en Amundjesef
Hunu hekentu her nesut itef tit djeser net nesu netjeru setep en Amundjesef
ḥwnw ḥkn.tw-ḥr-nst-it.f tit-ḏsr(t)-nt-nsw-nṯrw stp-n-imn-ḏs.f
The youthful one, about whose father’s throne one is joyful, the sacred image of the king of the gods, chosen by Atum himself
H-M42:nw-A17-D19:t-D2:1-st-t:f:Z1:f-t:D17-D250:r-y*t:n-sw-Z2A-nTr-stp:n-t:U15-D&(z:f)
Kingston Hall obelisk
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 323 (LVIII C)
Budge, The decree of Memphis and Canopus, I, 137 (A3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:H2
Horus name variant B
Horus name (variant B) of Ptolemy VIII: Hunu herytep pedjet 9 sa Usir mes en Aset shesep enef nesyt Ra em a itef
Hunu herytep pedjet 9 sa Usir mes en Aset shesep enef nesyt Ra em a itef
ḥwnw ḥri-tp-pḏt zꜢ-wsiri msi-n-Ꜣst šzp-n.f-nsyt-rꜤ-mꜤ-it.f
The youthful one, leader of the Nine Bows, the son of Osiris, whom Isis has borne, who has received for himself the kingship of Ra from his father’s hand
H-M42:nw-A17-D2:D1-pD:3*3:3-zA&1-st-nTr-B3A-n:st*(t:H8)-O42B:n:f-sw-i-i-t:D12-G20-t:f:Z1:f
Kingston Hall obelisk
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 323 (LVIII D)
Budge, The decree of Memphis and Canopus, I, 137 (A4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:H3
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ptolemy VIII: Seheru ib tawy
Seheru ib tawy
shrw-ib-tꜢwi
Who has pleased the Two Lands
s-h:r-ib:Z1-M127-wAD
Edfu small temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 37c
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Ptolemy VIII: Seheru ib tawy
Seheru ib tawy
shrw-ib-tꜢwi
Who has pleased the Two Lands
z:h:r-ib*Z1:N17:N16A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 36+39b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy VIII: Wer pehty neb habu-sed mi itef Ptah Tatenen it netjeru ity mi Ra
Wer pehty neb habu-sed mi itef Ptah Tatenen it netjeru ity mi Ra
wr-pḥti nb-ḥbw-sd-mi-it.f-ptḥ-tꜢ-ṯnn-it-nṯrw-ity-mi-rꜤ
The one great of strength, a possessor of Sed festivals like his father Ptah Tatenen, the father of the gods, and a sovereign like Ra
wr:r-F9*F9:nb-O23-mi-t:f:Z1:f-p:t-H-C18C-t:f:(nTrw)-A311A-x:Z1-mi
Edfu small temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 37c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ptolemy VIII: Iwa en netjerwy perwy setep en Ptah ir Maat Ra sekhem ankh en Amun
Iwa en netjerwy perwy setep en Ptah ir Maat Ra sekhem ankh en Amun
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-prwi stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
Heir of the two gods, chosen by Ptah, who has accomplished the Maat (of?) Ra, the living image of Amun
nTr\-N8-nTr-F44:n-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11-C2\-C12-sxm-anx
Edfu small temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 37c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:T
Birth name
Birth name of Ptolemy VIII: Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&&&(t:N17)-p:t-H-mr-i-i
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 36d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 8:E
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ptolemy VIII: Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&(t:N17)-(p:t-H):N36
Edfu small temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 37c

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Πτολεμαιος Ευεργετης Φυσκων Ptolemaios Euergétēs Phúskōn Ptolemy Euergetes Physcon

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 240–241
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 307–335
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 182–183

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

CC BY   Creative Commons
license


All content on this website is free to copy, redistribute and adapt in any medium or format, provided you give the appropriate credit. Yes, this includes images and texts. Keep information free!

This page was retrieved from PHARAOH.SE
PHARAOH.SE
© 2011–2021 by Peter Lundström — Some Rights Reserved — V. 4.0
Disclaimer: Content should be accurate, but errors and/or omissions are possible.
All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources! Best on a large screen.