Ptolemy XII

Also known as: Ptolemaios Neos Dionysus Auletes Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Ptolemy XII
80–51

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ptolemy XII: Hunu nefer, bener-merut, tjeni su nebty rekhyet hena kaf, dua enef Khnum, shepes er shesep en.ef kha em nesu, sensen en sehnu em haaw mi nedjet itef tjehen mesut her neset itef mi hor ka nakht, ity pesedj em ta-mery mi Hapu ankh, redi enef hebu-sed ashau weru mi Ptah-Tatenen it netjeru
Hunu nefer, bener-merut, tjeni su nebty rekhyet hena kaf, dua enef Khnum, shepes er shesep en.ef kha em nesu, sensen en sehnu em haaw mi nedjet itef tjehen mesut her neset itef mi hor ka nakht, ity pesedj em ta-mery mi Hapu ankh, redi enef hebu-sed ashau weru mi Ptah-Tatenen it netjeru
ḥwnw-nfr bnr-mrwt ṯni-sw-nbt-rḫyt-ḥnꜤ-kꜢ.f dwꜢ.n.f-ḫnmw-šps-r-šzp-n.f-ḫꜤ(t)-m-nsw snsn.n-sḥnw-m-ḥꜤꜤw-mi-Nḏ-it.f ṯḥn-msw(t)-ḥr-nst-it.f-mi-ḥr-kꜢ-nḫt ity-psḏ-m-tꜢmri-mi-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ rdi-n.f-ḥꜢbw-sd-ꜤšꜢw-wrw-mi-Ptḥ-tꜢṯnn-it-nṯrw
The perfect youth, pleasant in his popularity, whom the Two Ladies and the common folk have elevated along with his ka, who the wonderful Khnum praises so that he receives the crown of kingship, who unites himself with the works (of his father) in joy like that which his father protects, who is shining at birth on the throne of his father like Horus, the strong bull, the lord who lights up Egypt like the living Apis, to whom many great Sed festivals will be given through Ptah-Tatenen, the father of the Gods
F18:wn-nw:W-A17-nfr-M30*mr:t-C18C-s-G16-G24A-A1:Z2-F18:r-kA-A9-N14-A30-F51B-F105-A51-r:N37A:p-n:f-a:Aa15-xa:a:Aa15-S1-T22A-nw-T22A-nw-N25:z-H-M2:n-ini:W-A1-Aa56-A137-mi-Aa27D-nw*t:Z9:D40-t:f:Z1:f-S15-ms-s-Z3-D2:1-g:t:pr-t:f:Z1:f-G5&1-E1:D40-mi-i-i-U33-i-A311A-Dd-N8-Aa56-N17:O5:t*O49-anx-E95-mi-r:t:a-nw:F51B-(O23-W:t):Z2-I1:Z2-Z9:r:Z2-mi-p:t-H-C18C-X2:f-N14:Z2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 49b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ptolemy XII: Wer pehty khenty she neheh semen hepu mi Djehuty aa
Wer pehty khenty she neheh semen hepu mi Djehuty aa
wr-pḥti ḫntš-nḥḥ smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
The one great of strength and foremost one of the sea forever, who has established laws like the twice-great Thoth
wr:F9*F9:Z9*t-N37A:N36:H*ra*H-s-U28-O4A*p:Z2:H27-mi-G191-O29v-O29v
First pylon, Philae
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 52a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Ptolemy XII: Wer pehty khenty she neheh nefer ib wetjes neferu mi Djehuty aa
Wer pehty khenty she neheh nefer ib wetjes neferu mi Djehuty aa
wr-pḥti ḫntš-nḥḥ nfr-ib wṯz-nfrw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
The one great of strength and foremost one of the sea forever, perfect of mind, who has raised perfection like the twice-great Thoth
Z9:r-F9*F9:D40-D19:t-N37A:n:n-H-H-nfr-ib:1-U39O-nfr-Z2B-G191-O29v-O29v-mi
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 49b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy XII: Aa-ib ity neb qenu nakht mi sa Aset
Aa-ib ity neb qenu nakht mi sa Aset
ꜤꜢ-ib ity nb-ḳnw-nḫt-mi-zꜢ-Ꜣst
The one great of mind, the sovereign, the possessor of bravery and strength like the son of Isis
O29v-ib:1-i-U33-i-i-A311A-nb:q*Z9*nw-D40:nw*x:D40-H8:1-st-t:H8-mi-i
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 878
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 49a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy XII: Aa-ib mery netjeru baqet ity mi Ra heqa wadjety
Aa-ib mery netjeru baqet ity mi Ra heqa wadjety
ꜤꜢ-ib mri-nṯrw-BꜢḳt ity-mi-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-wꜢḏti
The one great of mind who is beloved of the gods of Baqet, a sovereign like Ra and ruler of the two crowns
O29v-ib:1-U7:r-nTrw-D10A-t:niwt-i-U33-i-i-A311A-mi-i-C2B-HqA-q-wAD-wAD-t:y-I12-I12
Mariette, Denderah, III, plate 15
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 405 (XLVIII B)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Ptolemy XII: Iwa en pa netjer nehem setep en Ptah ir Maat en Ra Sekhem ankh Imen
Iwa en pa netjer nehem setep en Ptah ir Maat en Ra Sekhem ankh Imen
iwꜤ-n-pꜢ-nṯr-nḥm stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-n-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
The heir of the saviour god, who is the chosen of Ptah, who brings forth the order of Ra, the living image of Amun
p-nTr-F44:n-nw*t*y:n-N104:D40-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11:nw-C2\-C12-sxm-anx
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 49b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy XII: Iwa en pa netjer nety nehem seten en Ptah ir Maat Amun-Ra
Iwa en pa netjer nety nehem seten en Ptah ir Maat Amun-Ra
iwꜤ-n-pꜢ-nṯr-nti-nḥm stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-imn-rꜤ
Heir of the saviour god, chosen by Ptah, who has brings forth the order of Amun-Ra
F44-nw:p-nTr-nw:t-M72-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11-C2D\-C12C
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 51a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy XII: Iwa en pa netjer nehem setep en Ptah ir Maat
Iwa en pa netjer nehem setep en Ptah ir Maat
iwḳ-n-pꜢ-nṯr-nḥm stp-(n)-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt
The heir of the saviour god, who is the chosen of Ptah, who brings forth order
p-nTr-F44-nw*N104:D40-stp:t-p:t-H-ir:Aa11
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 170
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy XII: Pa netjer mery it sen Usiri hunu
Pa netjer mery it sen Usiri hunu
pꜢ nṯr-mri it snt wsiri ḥwnw
The god who is beloved of his father and brother, the youthful Osiris
p-nTr-t:f-mr-T22A-ir:st*nTr-A17
RecTrav 29, 221
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Ptolemy XII: Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah Aset
Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah Aset
ptwlmys Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-Ptḥ-Ꜣst
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah and Isis
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&&&(t:N17)-p:t-H-st-t*H8:N36
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 49a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ptolemy XII: Ptolemys ankh djet mery Aset
Ptolemys ankh djet mery Aset
ptwlmys Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-Ꜣst
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Isis
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&&&(t:N17)-st-t:H8-mr
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 47a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 12:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Πτολεμαιος Νεος Διόνυσος Ptolemaios Néos Dionusos Ptolemy Neos Dionysos

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 244–245
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 392–410
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 186–187

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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