Ramesses X

 Dynasty XX


Reign of Ramesses X
AE Chronology1110–1107
von Beckerath1107–1103
Shaw1108–1099
Dodson1104–1094
Malek1108–1099
Arnold1112–1100
Grimal1107–1098
Redford1120–1111
Highest attestationYear 3

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ramesses X: Ka nakht sekha en Ra
Ka nakht sekha en Ra
kꜢ-nḫt sḫꜤꜤ-rꜤ
The strong bull, he who appears at the behest of Ra
E1:D40-C2-z:xa-a:a:n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 679 (3b)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 9:H
Throne name
Throne name of Ramesses X: Kheper maat Ra, setep en Ra
Kheper maat Ra, setep en Ra
ḫpr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The (very) manifestation of the Maat of Ra, chosen by Ra
ra-xpr-C10A-stp&n&ra
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 239b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 9:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ramesses X: Kheper maat Ra setep en Ra
Kheper maat Ra setep en Ra
ḫpr-mꜢꜤt-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The (very) manifestation of the Maat of Ra, chosen by Ra
C10A\-xpr-C2-n:stp&n&ra
British Museum Ostracon EA5621
Birch, Inscriptions in the Hieratic and Demotic Character from the Collections of the British Museum, plate II
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 9:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Ramesses X: Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef
Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš.f
Ra fashioned him, upon the strong arm of Amun
C2\-C12-sw-ms-s
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 239b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 9:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ramesses X: Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef, mery Amun
Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef, mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš.f mri-imn
Ra fashioned him, upon the strong arm of Amun, beloved of Amun
C2A\-ms-C12F-z:z:N36-i-mn:n:f
British Museum Ostracon EA5621
Birch, Inscriptions in the Hieratic and Demotic Character from the Collections of the British Museum, plate II
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 9:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ramesses X: Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef, mery Amun
Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef, mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš.f mri-imn
Ra fashioned him, upon the strong arm of Amun, beloved of Amun
C12F-ra:ms-z:z:N36-i-mn:n
British Museum Ostracon EA5621
Birch, Inscriptions in the Hieratic and Demotic Character from the Collections of the British Museum, plate II
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 9:E3

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 174–175
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 333
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 216–219
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 134

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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