Sahura

Also known as: Sahure Dynasty V

Sahura was the second ruler of the fifth dynasty, succeeding his father Userkaf. His name can be found on all three inscribed New Kingdom king lists. The name is lost on the Turin king list, but can be inferred to have been present on 4.18 where it preserves a 12 year reign.

Reign of Sahura
AE Chronology2428–2416
von Beckerath2471–2458
Shaw2487–2475
Dodson2385–2373
Allen2458–2446
Malek2447–2435
Redford2506–2492
Turin Canon12 years
Manetho (Africanus)13 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Sahura: Neb khau
Neb khau
nb-ḫꜤw
Possessor of appearances
nb:xa-w
Cerny, Inscriptions of Sinai, I, plate 5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 56–57, 2:H
Horus name variant
Horus name of Sahura: Neb khau Sahu Ra
Neb khau Sahu Ra
nb-ḫꜤw sꜢḥ-w-rꜤ
Possessor of appearances, Ra has endowed me
nb:xa-w-ra-sAH-w
Borchardt, Das grabdenkmal des Sahu-Re, I, 45–46
Nebty name
Nebty name of Sahura: Neb khau
Neb khau
nb-ḫꜤw
Possessor of appearances
nb:xa-w
Borchardt, Das grabdenkmal des Sahu-Re, I, 45–46
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 56–57, 2:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Sahura: Bikwy nebu
Bikwy nebu
bikwi-nbw
The golden double falcon
G7*G7:nbw
Borchardt, Das grabdenkmal des Sahu-Re, I, 45–46
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 56–57, 2:G
Throne name
Throne name of Sahura: Sahu Ra
Sahu Ra
sꜢḥw-rꜤ
Ra has endowed me
ra-sAH-w
Abydos king list 27
Saqqara king list 33
Karnak king list 3
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (27)
Meyer, Ägyptische Chronologie, plate 1 (33)
Borchardt, Das grabdenkmal des Sahu-Re, I, 45–46
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 56–57, 2:E
Throne name variant
Throne name of Sahura: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 4.18
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:18

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 2 Σεφρης Sephres Sephres 13 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 56–57
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 343–345
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 109–113
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 38

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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