|Reign of Semqen|
|Not available or unknown|
From the hieroglyphic records
Beckerath, J. Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 116–117
Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 378
Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 81
The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.
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