Seti II

Also known as: Sethos II Dynasty XIX

Seti II was a son of Merenptah, and succeeded his father. His short reign was complicated by an usurper, Amenmesse, that took control of Thebes and parts of Upper Egypt.

Reign of Seti II
AE Chronology1202–1198
von Beckerath1200–1194
Shaw1200–1194
Dodson1201–1195
Malek1200–1194
Arnold1214–1204
Grimal1202–1196
Redford1221–1215
Highest attestationYear 6

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Seti II: Ka nakht wer pehty
Ka nakht wer pehty
kꜢ-nḫt wr-pḥti
The strong bull, great of might
E1:D40-wr:r-F9-F9
Seti II Athribis obelisk usurped from Ramesses II (Berlin ÄM 12800)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 244:5-16
Roeder, Ägyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museum zu Berlin, II , p. 28, 30, 32
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 6:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Seti II: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-mr-i-i-C2A
Daressy, Notes et remarques, RecTrav 14 (1893): 30-31 (XLIX)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 6:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Seti II: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-mr-C2
Sandstone seated statue of Seti II ( British Museum EA26)
Sandstone statue, Turin 1383
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 268:3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 6:H5
Horus name variant
Horus name of Seti II: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-mr-i-i-ra:Z1-A40
Sandstone statue, Turin 1383
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 268:5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 6:H4
Nebty name
Nebty name of Seti II: Nakht khepesh der pedjut 9
Nakht khepesh der pedjut 9
nḫt-ḫpš dr-pḏt-9
The strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
n:xt:x*t:D40-xpS:d:r:D40-pD:t*3:3*3
Seti II Athribis obelisk usurped from Ramesses II (Berlin ÄM 12800)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 244:8/11
Roeder, Ägyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museum zu Berlin, II , p. 28
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Seti II: Mek Kemet waf khasut
Mek Kemet waf khasut
mk-kmt wꜤf-ḫꜢswt
The protector of Egypt who has subdued foreign countries
Aa15:a:k-I6:Aa15:t*O49-w-a:f:D40-N25:t*3
Sandstone statue, Turin 1383
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 268:5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:N3
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Seti II: Mek Kemet waf khasut
Mek Kemet waf khasut
mk-kmt wꜤf-ḫꜢswt
The protector of Egypt
G20:k-I6-Aa15:t*O49-G45-f:W:D40-N25:t*Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 251:4-5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:N4
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Seti II: Aa neru em tau nebu
Aa neru em tau nebu
ꜤꜢ-nrw-m-tꜢw-nbw
He whose victories are great in all the lands
aA:nr:Aa15-N17:N17:N17:nb:W*Z2
Seti II Athribis obelisk usurped from Ramesses II (Berlin ÄM 12800)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 244:8/11
Roeder, Ägyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museum zu Berlin, II , p. 28, 30
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Seti II: Aa nakhtu em tau nebu
Aa nakhtu em tau nebu
ꜤꜢ-nḫtw m tꜢw-nbw
Great of victories in all lands
aA:a:Y1-n:M3-x^^^D40:t*Z2-Aa15:N17:N17:N17-nb:W*Z2
Statue of Seti II at Karnak
Painted statue (Cairo Museum, CG 1198)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 260:11-12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Powerful are the manifestations of Ra, the chosen one of Ra
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-stp&n&ra
Seti II Athribis obelisk usurped from Ramesses II (Berlin ÄM 12800)
Roeder, Ägyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museum zu Berlin, II , p. 29
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, whom Ra has chosen
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-stp&n&ra-C12E-mr
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 294:13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T7
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, whom Ra has chosen
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-stp&n&ra-U7:r-i-i-A2-i-mn:n-G7
Griffith, Petrie Papyri (1898), pl. 39, line 34
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T8
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
User kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, whom Ra has chosen
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2:n-stp&n&ra
Papyrus Anastasi VI
Gardiner, Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca VII (1937), 72:8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, mery Amun
User kheperu Ra, mery Amun
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ mri.imn
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-C12E-mr
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 248:3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, mery Amun
User kheperu Ra, mery Amun
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ mri.imn
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-N36:i*(mn:n)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 246:14
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T5
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, mery Amun
User kheperu Ra, mery Amun
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ mri.imn
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-i-mn:n:U7
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 204e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T6
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seti II: User kheperu Ra, mery Seth
User kheperu Ra, mery Seth
wsr-ḫprw-rꜤ mri.stẖ
The strong one of the manifestations of Ra, beloved of Seth
ra-wsr-xpr:Z2-mr-stX
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 246:3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:T9
Birth name
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-mr-stX*i*i:n
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 237c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX\-A40A-N36:n-i-i
Seti II Athribis obelisk usurped from Ramesses II (Berlin ÄM 12800)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 244:8/11
Roeder, Ägyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museum zu Berlin, II , 31
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-(p:t)*H*mr\:n
de Morgan, Catalogue des monuments et inscriptions de l'Egypte antique (1894), I, 95, No. 146
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-mr*(p:t-H):n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 251:5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-N36:n-p:t-H
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 205c/e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-U7:n-p:t-H
Fragment of kneeling statue (Cairo Museum, CG 1239)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 245:10-11
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX\-C102-(i-i-mr):n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 246
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-N36:n-p:t-H-C102
Qantir doorway lintel
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 294:14
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-N36:n-p:t-H-C19
Metropolitan Museum of Art 67.161.2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E7
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
mr\-H-p:t-sw*ti*i*i:n
Newberry, Scarabs (1908), pl. 36 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E8
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
C98A-V39A-N36:n-p:t-H
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text III, 215
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E9
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti mery en Ptah
Seti mery en Ptah
stḥy mri n ptḥ
The one who belongs to Seth, beloved of Ptah
E21-i-i-U7:n-p:t-H-G7
Papyrus Anastasi VI
Gardiner, Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca VII (1937), 72:8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E11
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seti II: Seti
Seti
stḥy
The one who belongs to Seth
E21-i-i
Limestone fragments (Cairo museum CG 25515)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 382:9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 6:E10

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 158–161
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 414–416
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 130–139
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 122–123

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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