Setnakht

Also known as: Setnakhte
Dynasty XX

The Harris papyrus mentions a time of anarchy and chaos (i.e. the last years of the nineteenth dynasty) from which Setnakht rose and restored order, gaining the throne in the process. He was probably a distant relative of the extended Ramesside royal family, or less likely, an usurper. His son Ramesses III would be the last great pharaoh of the New Kingdom. Manetho does not mention any names for the kings of this dynasty.

Reign of Setnakht
AE Chronology1190–1188
von Beckerath1186–1183
Shaw1186–1184
Dodson1187–1185
Malek1186–1184
Arnold1196–1194
Grimal1188–1186
Redford1200–1198
Highest attestationYear 3-4

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Setnakht: Ka nakht wer pehty
Ka nakht wer pehty
 kꜢ-nḫt wr-pḥti
 The strong bull, great of might
E1:D40-wr:r-F9*F9:t*Z4
Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo , 28, plate 49
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 164-165, 1:H

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name of Setnakht: Tut khau mi Tatenen
Tut khau mi Tatenen
 twt-ḫꜤw-mi-ṯꜢ-ṯnn
 The image of appearances like Tatenen
t-w&t-A53-xa:a:Z2-mi-C18
Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo , 28, plate 49
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 164-165, 1:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Setnakht: Sekhem khepesh der heruf
Sekhem khepesh der heruf
 sḫm-ḫpš dr-[ḥr]w.f
 Powerful of effectiveness, who has subdued his enemies
sxm-Aa15:D40-x*p:N37:xpS-d:r:D40-r:q-i-i-Z1:Z1*Z1-A14:f
Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo , 28, plate 49
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 164-165, 1:G1

Variants

Throne name
Throne name of Setnakht: User khau Ra, setep en Ra mery Amun
User khau Ra, setep en Ra mery Amun
 wsr-ḫꜤw-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ mri-imn
 Powerful are the forms of Ra, chosen of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-C12-N36:xa:Z2-stp&n&ra
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 206d

Variants

Birth name
Birth name of Setnakht: Set nakht(e), merer Amun-Ra
Set nakht(e), merer Amun-Ra
 stẖ-nḫt(w) mrr-imn-rꜤ
 Seth is victorious, beloved of Amun-Ra
ra-C12\-C7A-D40:N36-r:r
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 206d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 164-165, 1:E3

Variants

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 164–165
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 407–409
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 152–156
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 126–127

 

 



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