Also known as: Sekanefer, Neferseka, Seneferka Dynasty II

The New Kingdom scribes "corrected" the name Sneferka into Neferkara by exchanging the initial S with the honorific Ra. This was a common practice that made sense to the scribes, as can be noted several times in the king lists.

Reign of Sneferka


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Sneferka: Snefer ka
Snefer ka
Lacau & Lauer, La Pyramide à Degrés, IV, plate 17 (86)
Ryholt, Journal of Egyptian History, 1, 159-173
Roth, Egyptian phyles in the Old Kingdom, SAOC 48, p. 222 E:1
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 46-47, b:H1
Birth name
Birth name of Sneferka: Nefer ka Ra*
Nefer ka Ra*
Saqqara king list 51
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 44-45, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Sneferka: Nefer ka*
Nefer ka*
Royal Canon of Turin 3.25
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), II:25
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 44-45, 6:E2


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 44–45
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 384–385
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 26
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 30
Ryholt, King Seneferka in The King–lists and his position on The Early Dynastic Period. JEH 1. 159–173


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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