Sobekhotep III

Also known as: Sekhemre Sewadjtawy Sobkhotep Dynasty XIII


Reign of Sobekhotep III
AE Chronology1725–1722
Ryholt1749–1742

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Sobekhotep III: Khu tawy
Khu tawy
ḫwi-tꜢwi
The protector of the Two Lands
D43:N17:N17
Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments egyptiens, plate VIII
Louvre stele C8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Sobekhotep III: Khu tawy
Khu tawy
ḫwi-tꜢwi
The protector of the Two Lands
x:D43-N17:N17
JEA 37, plate VI (between p. 22-23)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Sobekhotep III: Kha em sekhemef
Kha em sekhemef
ḫꜤi-m-sḫm.f
The one who has appeared through his power
xa:a-m-sxm-Z1:f
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 5, 84-89
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Sobekhotep III: Hotep her Maat
Hotep her Maat
ḥtp-ḥr-mꜢꜤt
Contented with Maat
Htp:D2*Z1-C10A
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 5, 84-89
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Sobekhotep III: Hotep her Maat
Hotep her Maat
ḥtp-ḥr-mꜢꜤt
Contented with Maat
Htp:D2*Z1-U1-t:a
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 17, 125-127
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Sobekhotep III: Sekhem Ra sewadj tawy
Sekhem Ra sewadj tawy
sḫm-rꜤ swꜢḏ-tꜢwi
The (very) power of Ra, who has made the Two Lands flourish
ra-sxm-s-wAD-N17:N17
Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments egyptiens, plate VIII
Louvre stele C8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:T
Birth name
Birth name of Sobekhotep III: Sobek hotep
Sobek hotep
sbk-ḥtp
Sobek is satisfied
s-b-k-Htp:t*p
Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments egyptiens, plate VIII
Louvre stele C8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Sobekhotep III: Sobek hotep
Sobek hotep
sbk-ḥtp(w)
Sobek is satisfied
sbk-Htp:t*p
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 5, 84-89
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:E1
Throne + Birth name
Throne + Birth name of Sobekhotep III: Sekhem Ra [sewadj tawy] sobek hotep
Sekhem Ra [sewadj tawy] sobek hotep
sḫm-rꜤ [swꜢḏ-tꜢwi] sbk-ḥtp(w)
The (very) power of Ra, [who has made the Two Lands flourish], Sobekhotep
ra-Y8-//-I5A-Htp:t*p
Royal Canon of Turin 7.24
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), VI:24
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:T+E2
Throne + Birth name variant
Throne + Birth name of Sobekhotep III: Sekhem Ra sewadj tawy Sobek hotep
Sekhem Ra sewadj tawy Sobek hotep
sḫm-rꜤ swꜢḏ-tꜢwi
The (very) power of Ra, who has made the Two Lands flourish, Sobekhotep
ra-sxm-s-wAD-N17:N17-I3:Htp
Scarab from Koptos, Petrie Museum, UC 11536
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 21:T+E1

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 92–95
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 446–448
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 19–22
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 67

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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