The Ptolemaic Dynasty was a Macedonian Greek royal family, which ruled Egypt for 275 years. They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt, before Egypt was made a Roman province after being conquered by the Roman Empire.
|#||Pharaoh||Throne name||Also known as||Reign*|
|1||Ptolemy I||Setepenra meryamun||Ptolemaios Soter||305–285|
|2||Ptolemy II||Userkara meryamun||Ptolemaios Philadelphos||288–246|
|3||Ptolemy III||Ptolemaios Euergetes||246–222|
|4||Ptolemy IV||Ptolemaios Philopator||222–204|
|5||Ptolemy V||Ptolemaios Epiphanes||204–180|
|6||Ptolemy VI||Ptolemaios Philometor||180–145|
|7||Ptolemy VII||Ptolemaios Neos Philopator||145|
|8||Ptolemy VIII||Ptolemaios Euergetes Physcon||169–164,
|9||Ptolemy IX||Ptolemaios Soter Lathyrus||116–110,
|10||Ptolemy X||Ptolemaios Alexander||110–109,
|11||Ptolemy XI||Ptolemaios Alexander II||80|
|12||Ptolemy XII||Ptolemaios Neos Dionysus Auletes||80–58|
|13||Ptolemy XIII||Ptolemaios Philopator II||51–47|
|14||Ptolemy XIV||Ptolemaios Philopator Philadelphus||47–44|
|16||Ptolemy XV||Ptolemaios Philopator Philometor Caesarion||44–30|
OK – Old Kingdom
MK – Middle Kingdom
NK – New Kingdom
SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Thebes – The Southern capital
Memphis – The Northern capital
Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.
Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.
Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.
Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name
Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script
Hyksos – Greek form of
Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.