The Ramesseum king list

The Ramesseum is the memorial temple of Ramesses II at Thebes in Upper Egypt. The upper register of the second western pylon, shows a processions where ancestors of Ramesses II are honored at ceremonies of the festival of Min. It contains two processions with ancestors being honored, containing 19 cartouches with the names of 14 pharaohs. Notably, Hatshepsut and the Amarna pharaohs are omitted.

When rediscovered, it was confirmed to be vast monument of "Ozymandyas" described in antiquity by Diodorus and Strabo, who called it Memnonium. The name Ramesseum was first used by Champollion, who visited the ruins in 1829, but Memnonia was used by travellers until the 1850's. The scene was first published by Champollion in 1845, and by Lepsius four years later.

Ramesseum king list detail

#HieroglyphsName in listPharaoh
1 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Thutmose I
ra:aA-xpr-kA
Aa kheper ka Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Thutmose I
2 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Amenhotep I
ra-Dsr-kA
Djoser ka Ra
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Amenhotep I
3 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Ahmose I
ra-nb-F9:t*t
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
Ahmose I
4 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Mentuhotep II
ra:nb-P8
Neb hapet Ra
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
Mentuhotep II
5 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Narmer
mn:n-ii
Meni
mni
Narmer
6 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Ramesses II
ra-wsr-C10A-stp&n&ra
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Ramesses II
7 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Seti I
ra-mn-C10A
Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Seti I
8 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Ramesses I
ra:mn-F9:t*t
Men pehty Ra
mn-pḥti-rꜤ
Ramesses I
9, 15 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Horemheb
ra:Dsr-xpr:Z2-stp&n&ra
Djoser kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
ḏsr-ḫprw stp-n-rꜤ
Horemheb
10, 16 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Amenhotep III
ra-mAat-nb
Neb Maat Ra
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Amenhotep III
11, 17 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Thutmose IV
ra-mn-xpr-Z2
Men kheperu Ra
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ
Thutmose IV
12, 18 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Amenhotep II
ra:aA-xpr-Z2
Aa kheperu Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-rꜤ
Amenhotep II
13, 19 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Thutmose III
ra:mn-xpr
Men kheper Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
Thutmose III
14 The Ramesseum king list: cartouche of Thutmose II
ra:aA-xpr:n
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Thutmose II

Illustrations



Champollion, Monuments, plates 149bis-150 composite - press ENTER for full image
Champollion 1845

Plates 149bis-150 composite
Size: 3000x771 (874 kB)

Lepsius, Denkmaeler, III, plates 162-164 composite - press ENTER for full image
Lepsius 1849

Plates 162-164 composite
Size: 2500x691 (870 kB)

The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu IV, plate 213 - press ENTER for full image
Epigraphic Survey 1940

Medinet Habu IV (OIP 51), Plate 213 (colored)
Size: 3088x815 (689 kB)

Location of the Ramesseum king list - press ENTER for full image
Photograph

Size: 1200x801 (344 kB)

Bibliography


  • Bibliotheca Historica, I, paragraphs 47-49 (c. 30 BCE)
  • Geographica, Book XVII:43 (c. 23 CE)
  • Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie. II, 149bis & 150 (Paris: 1845)
  • Denkmaeler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien.... III, 162-164, (Berlin: 1849)
  • Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings. II2, 434 (10) (Oxford: 1927)
  • Medinet Habu—Volume IV Feast of Min ceremonies of Ramesses II (OIP 51), 213 (Chicago: 1940)
  • Ramesside Inscriptions. V, 205:9-11; 209:9-10 (Oxford: 1983)

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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