Contents of the Royal Canon of Turin

For the history of the papyrus, see The Royal Canon of Turin page.
This page details the kings on the papyrus.
Note: Improved page under active development. (Sept. 2018)

Assessing the accuracy of the Royal Canon is a problem as the lack of independent sources with which to compare it. Relatively well known kings pose no problem, as they usually have a clear archaeological record. However, many kings remain completely unattested for; there simply is no other evidence of their existence than the Canon. There may be a lot of inaccurate information present in the Canon that we cannot validate. This inconsistency is also present in Manetho, where most recorded names are the known prenomen, but a few use the nomen instead.



Key for the king list:
RubraWritten in red ink.
Missing textThe text is missing or only partially readable.
ditto-markThe same text as in the row above, inferred by ditto-mark.
[...]Cannot be transcribed, the text is lost.
░░░Cannot be translated, the text is missing.
Gardiner's G7-signThe G7-sign is used as a determinative in a king's name.


 

Column 3

25 rows — 14 kings.

Twenty-five rows, the first nine describe spirits; the king list starts with a heading on the tenth row. The eight kings of the First Dynasty compare exactly with Manetho, but discrepancies begin to emerge starting with the kings of the Second Dynasty.

 
Column 3.10
Royal Canon of Turin 3.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heading

Kings of the house of(?) The Dual King, Meni, Life, Prosperity, Health
nsw-bit mni Ꜥnḫ-ḏꜢ-snb [...]

The first heading serves as an introduction of the kings of dynasties one though ten. As there are no other headings until 6/11, it is clear that the ancient Egyptians themselves did not divide this period into ten different dynasties, as per the writings of Manetho. There are summations at 4/26, 5/14–17, and, 6/10, making this the heading for dynasties 1 through 10.
Column 3.11
Royal Canon of Turin 3.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Meni, life, prosperity and health. He reigned
nsw-bit mni Ꜥnḫ-ḏꜢ-snb irn [...]

The first king of the First Dynasty was the archaeologically attested Narmer. The name Meni, “He who endures,” is probably a descriptive epithet for the long lost name of the legendary king who united the Two Lands.1
1  Edwards 1971. 11
Column 3.12
Royal Canon of Turin 3.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Ity
nsw-bit ity [...]

Only the first two signs are readable, while the position of the t-sign leave room for another sign below it, where the papyrus breaks off. The scant traces of the missing sign make it impossible to read.
Column 3.13
Royal Canon of Turin 3.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Only traces of a G7-sign and the closing of the cartouche remain.
Column 3.14
Royal Canon of Turin 3.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Continuation from previous column

░░ 10 +x months 28 days ░░
[...] 10 hrw 28 [...]

The trace before the month-sign was likely a 10.1 The curved line below is a sort of bracket around a line that intruded on the next column.2 The numbers on the fragment belongs to a god or demi-god in the previous column. There are no traces of any other writing on this line, suggesting it was intentionally unused.
1  Gardiner 1959. Plate 1
2 ibid. 15 (II 14 a). See also lines 5/16, 6/15, and 8/3
Column 3.15
Royal Canon of Turin 3.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Ity ░░
nsw-bit [...] ittiw [...]

The bird sign G4 is not to be confused with G1,1 as it was on the Abydos Canon (No. 4). This sign appears nowhere else in the king-list2.
1  cf. Möller 1927. No. 191 (tiw) and 192 ()
2  Gardiner 1959. 15 (II 15 a)
Column 3.16
Royal Canon of Turin 3.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Qenty ░░
nsw-bit ḳnty [...]

The N25-sign was incorrectly interpreted as Aa8 by the scribe.1 It was also misread by the scribe of the Abydos Canon (No. 5), there as N24.
1  cf. Möller 1927. No. 322 (ḫꜤst) and 604 (ḳn)
Column 3.17
Royal Canon of Turin 3.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Merigeregepen ░░ 74 years ░░
nsw-bit mr-grg-pn [...] rnpt 74 [...]

The original archaic W10-sign was misread by the scibe as U17,1 and further misinterpreted as N41 in the Abydos Canon, and R7E in the Saqqara Canon.2
1  Möller 1927. No. 467 (grg)
2  Gardiner 1959. 15 (II 17 a); Helck 1992. 163
Column 3.18
Royal Canon of Turin 3.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Semsem ░░ 72 years ░░
nsw-bit smsm [...] 72 [...]

The unreadable archaic figure of an elder priest, was recorded by the scribe as smsm, a Late NK version of smsw, as in the Abydos Canon.1
1  Helck 1992. 163
Column 3.19
Royal Canon of Turin 3.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Qebeh ░░ 63 years ░░
nsw-bit bḥ [...] rnpt 63

The starting cartouche is lost, and the number of years is certain.
Column 3.20
Royal Canon of Turin 3.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Baunetjer ░░ 95 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] bꜢ.w-nṯr [...] 95 [...]

The ink on fr. 21 is faded, making the signs hard to read, but the signs are probably G30 (storks) followed by a determinative. The numbers are certain.
Column 3.21
Royal Canon of Turin 3.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Kakau ░░
nsw-bit kꜢkꜤ.w [...]

The ink on fr. 21 is faded; the broken sign is likely a w, or less likely a wt1 The scribe omitted the number at the end.2
1  cf. Möller, No. 200 and V; Gardiner 1959. 15 (II 21 a)
2  Gardiner 1959. 15 (II 21 b)
Column 3.22
Royal Canon of Turin 3.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Baunetjer ░░ 95 years ░░
nsw-bit bꜢ.w-nṯr [...] 95 [...]

Only the last signs of the name remains, but the numbers are certain.
Column 3.23
Royal Canon of Turin 3.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Wadjnes ░░ 70 years ░░
nsw-bit [...]-s [...] 70 [...]

Only the trace of what could be a (S29) S-sign remain of the name and fits well with the last S-sign of the Abydos Canon.1 The 70-sign is certain.
1  Gardiner 1959. 15 (II 23 a)
Column 3.24
Royal Canon of Turin 3.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Senedj ░░ 54 years ░░
nsw-bit snḏ [...] 54 [...]

The number is probably 54, not 74 since the trace of the tens are so close to the four.1
1  Gardiner 1959. 15 (II 24 a); cf. Möller 1927. No. 627 (50-sign) vs. 629 (70-sign)
Column 3.25
Royal Canon of Turin 3.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Aaka ░░ 70 years ░░
nsw-bit ꜤꜢ-kꜢ [...] 70 [...]

The writing is clearly ꜤꜢ-kꜢ, with the beginning of the cartouche omitted. The ꜤꜢ-sign is obviously a mistake for nfr, which resemble each other in hieratic.1The Saqqara Canon (no.51) correctly reads the name as nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ. The New Kingdom scribes "corrected" the name Seneferka into Neferkara by exchanging the initial s with the recognizable honorific rꜤ. This was a common practice that made sense to the scribes, as can be noted several times in the king lists.2
1  Ryholt 2008. 163-4, note 15; For the signs, cf. Möller 1927. No. 363 (ꜤꜢ) vs. 180 (nfr)
2  Ryholt 2008. 166ff.
 

Column 4

26 rows — 25 kings.

The fragments form twenty-six continuous rows with the full or partial names of fourteen kings, but the names of eleven kings are lost. At the bottom, there is a summation of dynasties I–V.

 
Column 4.1
Royal Canon of Turin 4.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Neferkasokar ░░ 8 years, 3 months ░░ 10
nsw-bit nfr-kꜢ-skr rnpt 8, Ꜣbd 3, hrw [...] 10

The upper part of the ten-sign at the end is lost, making it uncertain if the number is 10, 20 or 30.
Column 4.2
Royal Canon of Turin 4.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Hudjefa, 11 years, 8 months, 4 days, his lifetime being 34 years
nsw-bit ḥw-ḏfꜢ rnpt 11, Ꜣbd 8, hrw 4 ꜤḥꜤ-f-m-Ꜥnḫ 34

Hudjefa is a pseudonum that replaced an illegible or damaged name. The years could possibly be 21 instead of 11. Hudjefa also appears in the Saqqara Canon (no. 49,) between Neferkasokar and Khasekhemwy.
Column 4.3
Royal Canon of Turin 4.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Bebti ░░ 27 years, 2 months, 1 day, his lifetime being 40 ░░
nsw-bit bbti [...] rnpt 27, Ꜣbd 2, hrw 1, ꜤhꜤ=f m Ꜥnḫ 40 [...] 7

The NK scribes interpreted an unknown name of Khasekhemwy from their sources differently, causing divergent names being used in the canons.
Column 4.4
Royal Canon of Turin 4.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebka ░░ 19 yearsHis lifetime being?
nsw-bit nb-kꜢ [...] 19

Gardiner saw a clear trace of a one after the kꜢ-sign, which is absent in Lepsius and Wilkinson.
Column 4.5
Royal Canon of Turin 4.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Djoserit he reigned for the period of 19 years and 1 month, his lifetime being ░
nsw-bit ḏsr-it ir-n-f m-nsi.t rnpt 19 Ꜣbd 1 ꜤḥꜤ=f-m-Ꜥnḫ...

The name is certain with one possible sign lost above the t.
Column 4.6
Royal Canon of Turin 4.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Djoserti, 6 years ░░
nsw-bit ḏsr-ti rnpt 6

The rnpt ahead of the years was curiously omitted by the scribe.
Column 4.7
Royal Canon of Turin 4.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Hudjefa, 6 years ░░
nsw-bit ḥw-ḏfꜢ rnpt 6 [...]

The first vertical stroke is likely a partial I10-sign (), but curiously there is no trace of the G1-sign (). The likely name would be Hudjefa, a pseudonym replacing an illegible or damaged name. The six years were assigned to kings where their length of reign was unknown.
Column 4.8
Royal Canon of Turin 4.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Huni, life, prosperity and health, 24 years, the one who has built Seshem ░░
nsw-bit ḥwni [...] Ꜥnḫ-wḏꜢ-snb rnpt 24 pꜢ-ḳd-sšm

The sublinear sign on fr. 17 could be a I9-sign (f). The G17-sign (m) from Gardiner is clearly not present on the fragment.
Column 4.9
Royal Canon of Turin 4.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Snofer(u), 24 years ░░
nsw-bit snfr rnpt 24

The opening cartouche is missing. Traces of the G43-sign (w) is visible on fr. 32.
Column 4.10
Royal Canon of Turin 4.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khufu, 23 years ░░
[...] rnpt 23

The name is lost, but Khufu is present on the Abydos Canon (42) and the Saqqara Canon (21), following Sneferu.
Column 4.11
Royal Canon of Turin 4.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Radjedef, 8 years ░░
[...] rnpt 8 [...]

The name is lost, but this line would have held the name Radjedef, who was the son and successor of Khufu. The name is present on the Saqqara (41) and Abydos (22) king lists following Khufu.
Column 4.12
Royal Canon of Turin 4.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khafra ░ years ░░
nsw-bit [...] ḫꜤ [...]

The name is lost, but the trace of a ḫꜤ-sign could only have belonged to Khafra. The trace of what could be a w-sign, would explain the presence of the sign on the Saqqara Canon (40).
Column 4.13
Royal Canon of Turin 4.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Baka, ░ years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt [...]

The name of the fifth king of the Fifth Dynasty is lost. The records from the OK were lost over time, which resulted in tradition supplanting historical facts. The tradition of the pyramid builders overshadowed the ‘lesser’ kings of the dynasty, which over time, were simply lumped together at the end of the dynasty. According to Manetho, the Hellenized names of the sixth and eight kings wereBikheres and Thamphthis, both otherwise completely unknown.
Column 4.14
Royal Canon of Turin 4.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Menkaura, 28 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 28

Only the bottom part of the ten-sign is visible, which means he number of years could be 18, 28, or even 38. Menkaura reigned for a minimum of 18 years, making it likely his name would have been found here.
Column 4.15
Royal Canon of Turin 4.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Shepseskaf, 4 years ░░
[...] rnpt 4

The name is lost, only traces of the closing cartouche remains. Shepseskaf succeeded Menkaura, and is known to only have ruled for a few years, which would seem to fit well with the 4 years recorded here.
Column 4.16
Royal Canon of Turin 4.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Thamphthis, 2 years ░░
[...] rnpt 2

The name of the eight king of this dynasty is lost, only the record of a two-year reign remains. The tradition of the pyramid builders overshadowed the "lesser" kings of the dynasty, which over time, were simply lumped together at the end of the dynasty. In this position, Manetho record Thamphthis, a king that is otherwise completely unattested. The Abydos Canon does not record a king between Shepseskaf (25) and Userkaf (26.)
Column 4.17
Royal Canon of Turin 4.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Userkaf, 7 years ░░
[...]-kꜢ-[...] rnpt 7

There are traces a D28-sign (kꜢ), and below that possibly a minute part of an I9-sign (f).
Column 4.18
Royal Canon of Turin 4.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sahura, 12 years ░░
[...] rnpt 12

The name is lost, and only the record of 12 years remains. Sahura was the son of Userkaf, and succeeded his father, and is attested on the Abydos Canon (27) and the Saqqara Canon (33) as the successor to Userkaf.
Column 4.19
Royal Canon of Turin 4.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Neferirkara reigned for a period of ░░
[...] ir.n=f m ns(y.t) [...]

The name is missing, only the end of the cartouche remains. Neferirkara was the son and successor of Sahura and was the first king that used the prenomen and nomen as independent names. Attested on the Abydos Canon (28) and the Saqqara Canon (33) as the successor to Sahura.
Column 4.20
Royal Canon of Turin 4.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Shepseskara, 7 years ░░
[...] rnpt 7

Shepseskara probably usurped the throne and only ruled a few months, but is present on the Saqqara Canon (31) between Neferirkara and Neferefra. As the fourth king of the dynasty, he is identified with Manetho's Sisires who is attributed a 7 year reign.
Column 4.21
Royal Canon of Turin 4.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Neferefra, X years ░░
[...] rnpt [...]

Neferefra was the eldest son of Neferirkara and is present on the Abydos Canon (29.) The singular year stroke is in accord with the contemporary evidence that his reign lasted only a year or two. The entry in the Saqqara Canon (30,) Kha-nfr-ra is puzzling, perhaps confusing it with his Horus name, Nefer-khau, which use the same signs.
Column 4.22
Royal Canon of Turin 4.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Niuserra, 11+ x years ░░
[...] rnpt 11 [...]

Only the bottom part of the ten sign is visible followed by a stroke after which the papyrus breaks off. Accordingly, the number could be 11-14, 21-24, or 31-34. Niuserra is found on the Abydos (30) and Karnak (4) Canons.
Column 4.23
Royal Canon of Turin 4.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Menkauhor, 8 years ░░
nsw-bit mn-kꜢ-ḥr rnpt 8 [...]

Also attested on the Abydos (31) and Saqqara (29) Canons, and Manetho's Menkheres is the hellenized form of the name.
Column 4.24
Royal Canon of Turin 4.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Djedu, 28 years ░░
nsw-bit ḏd.w rnpt 28

Attested on the Canons of Abydos (32), Saqqara (28) and Karnak (5), by three slightly different names, with a fourth recorded here. The variations are likely due to lacuna in the original NK official records.
Column 4.25
Royal Canon of Turin 4.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Unas, 30 years ░░
nsw-bit wnis rnpt 30 [...]

Unas, the last king of the fifth dynasty, is also present on the Abydos (33) and Saqqara (27) Canons. Manetho hellenized his name as Onnos.
Column 4.26
Royal Canon of Turin 4.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of Dynasty 1-5

Total of the kings beginning with Meni down to Unas, their years
dmḏ nswyw šꜢ mni r-mn [...]

 

Column 5

26 rows — 22 kings.

The fragments form twenty-six rows, but most of the names are missing, including all the kings of the Sixth Dynasty. After the four lines of summations for the previous dynasties, the list continues with the rulers of Herakleopolis. Gardiner removed Fr. 133 + 135 from his column IV, but there is a perfect fibre match with fr. 18 to the right. Fr. 44 is shifted to the right to align vertically with the sheet-join. Also restored is fr. 40 from Gardiner’s unplaced fragments, and fr. 43 is moved one line up. Gardiner removed fr. 48 + 36 from Seyffarth’s reconstruction, but the fibres correspond perfectly with fr. 47, and are in their correct position.

 
Column 5.1
Royal Canon of Turin 5.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Teti, ░ 6 months, 21 days
nsw-bit ibd 6, hrw 21

The name is lost, as is the number of years, only the months and days remain. Teti was the successor to Unas, as is evident on the Canons of Abydos (34), Saqqara (26) and possibly Karnak (14).
Column 5.2
Royal Canon of Turin 5.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Userkara ░░
nsw-bit [...]

The entire line is lost, but Userkara is present between Teti and Pepi I on the Abydos Canon (35).
Column 5.3
Royal Canon of Turin 5.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░ 20 years
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 20

The reign (or the entire record) was likely interchanged with 5/4 below, correcting the reign of Pepi I to 44 years, which agrees with the archaeological records. Pepi I reigned between 25 to 50 years, while his successor only ruled around ten years.1
1  Ryholt 1997. 13-14
Column 5.4
Royal Canon of Turin 5.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░ 44 years
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 44

The trace just before the '4' is not the top of a 10-sign, but a dot of the hieratic number 40. which is now partly obscured by a piece of transparent tape.1 The reign (or the entire record) was likely interchanged with 5/3 above, making the correct reign 20 years for this king.2
1  Ryholt 2000. 90, note 15
2  Ryholt 1997. 13-14
Column 5.5
Royal Canon of Turin 5.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░ 90 + x years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 90 [...]

This entry can only belong to Pepi II due to the long reign described, as no other king even comes close to this number.
Column 5.6
Royal Canon of Turin 5.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░ 1 year, 1 month
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 1 Ꜣbd 1

The name is lost, but Nemtyemsaf II is listed in the Abydos Canon (39) as the successor of Pepi II. The fibres of fr. 40 correspond with fr. 43, and has been moved here from the unplaced fragments of Gardiner.1
1  Ryholt 2000. 88ff.
Column 5.7
Royal Canon of Turin 5.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Netiqerty Siptah, he reigned ░░
nsw-bit ntiḳrti zꜢ-ptḥ irn [...]

Fr. 43 has been moved uo one line from Gardiner and joins with Fr. 40.1 The name Netiqerty is a phonetic corruption of the similar-sounding Netjerikara and was long interpreted as belonging to the otherwise unattested Queen Nitocris in Manetho's epitome. It is however evident that it is not the name of a queen, as the name Siptah (Son of Ptah) follows the cartouche.2 Furthermore, this line could also have held a lacuna notation, which is ironically lost in the lacuna, explaining the missing ten kings that does appear on the Abydos Canon.3
1  Ryholt 2000. 88-90
2  ibid. 93
3  ibid. 96-98
Column 5.8
Royal Canon of Turin 5.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Neferka, Pepi Seneb ░░
nsw-bit nfr-kꜢ ppi-snb [...]

The fibres of fr. 40 correspond with fr. 43, and has been moved here from the unplaced fragments of Gardiner.1 The corruption of Pepi-seneb into Khered-seneb might derive from a lacuna-riddled vorlage, also losing the initial ra-sign. The A17-sign (ẖrd, child) is followed by the divine determinative, and would be analogous to ppy-snb.2 A large lacuna in ancient records could explain why the name appears out of order on the Abydos Canon (51), where it should have occupied no. 41.
1  Ryholt 2000. 88ff.
2  ibid. 93-4
Column 5.9
Royal Canon of Turin 5.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nefer, ░░
nsw-bit nfr [...]

Attested on the Abydos Canon (52) as Neferkamin Anu.
Column 5.10
Royal Canon of Turin 5.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Ibi ░░ 2 years, 1 month and 1 day
nsw-bit ibi [...] rnpt 2, Ꜣbd 1, hrw 1

Attested slightly incorrectly as Qakaura on AC (53), while the pyramid texts clearly present the correct Qakara, with the singular ka.1
1  Ryholt 2000. 99 note a
Column 5.11
Royal Canon of Turin 5.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, 4 years and 2 months
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 4, Ꜣbd 2, hrw 1

The name is lost. Neferkaura is attested on the Abydos Canon (54).
Column 5.12
Royal Canon of Turin 5.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 2 years, 1 month and 1 day ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 2, Ꜣbd 1, hrw 1

The name is lost. Neferkahor is attested on the Abydos Canon (55).
Column 5.13
Royal Canon of Turin 5.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 1½ year
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 1 gs

The name is lost. Neferirkara is attested on the Abydos Canon (56). This is not Neferirkara of the Fifth Dynasty,1 but a different king during the First Intermediate Period.
1  For Neferirkara Kakai, see 4/19.
Column 5.14
Royal Canon of Turin 5.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation

Total of X kings until Neferkara amounting to 181 years
[...] nswyw [...] ir n rnpt 181

Summation of the Sixth to Eight Dynasties. The traces of the ir-sign on Fr. 61 is not present in Lepsius or Wilkinson.
Column 5.15
Royal Canon of Turin 5.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation continued

6 months, 3 days, and a lacuna of 6 years. Total: 187 years, 6 months, 3 days. Total of kings...
[...] Ꜣbd 6 hrw 3 wsf 6 dmḏ [...] nswywt

Summation continued from 5/14. The sublinear sign is the tail of a 100-sign.1 Summation of the First to Eight Dynasties begins at the end of the line.
1  Gardiner 1959. 16 ( IV 15 a)
Column 5.16
Royal Canon of Turin 5.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation continued

...from Meni, their kingship, their years, and a lacuna thereto: 949 years, 15 days,and a lacuna of 6 years
[...] mni nswyt=sn rnpt=sn wsf [...] Ꜣbd 9 hrw 6 wsf rnpt 6

Summation continued from 5/15. The curved line at the end is a sort of bracket around a line that intruded on the next column, as can also be seen in 3/14.
Column 5.17
Royal Canon of Turin 5.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation continued

Total: x kings amounting to 955 years and 15 days
dmḏ [...] rnpt 955, hrw 15

Summation continued from 5/16. The number of days can be restored to 15, despite the missing five at the end1
1  Ryholt 2000. 95-96
Column 5.18
Royal Canon of Turin 5.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 5.19
Royal Canon of Turin 5.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 5.20
Royal Canon of Turin 5.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Neferkara

The Dual King, Neferkara ░░
nsw-bit nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ [...]

This king is only attested in the Turin Canon, and there are no archaeological finds of his reign.
Column 5.21
Royal Canon of Turin 5.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Kheti ░░
nsw-bit ḫt-iti [...]

The A51-sign is curiosly missing the "seat" vertical stroke at the back.
  Gardiner 1959. 16 (IV 21 a)
Column 5.22
Royal Canon of Turin 5.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Senen..

The Dual King, S...tut-h... ░░ he reigned ░
nsw-bit s [...] twt hꜤ [...] ir-n.f [...]

The traces of signs after the initial S29-sign are illegible. There is certainly not space for the reading of swnn as proposed by Černý.1
1  Gardiner 1959: 16 IV 22 a-b
Column 5.23
Royal Canon of Turin 5.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Neferkara

The Dual King, [...] Neferkara ░░
nsw-bit [...] nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ

The first signs of the first cartouche are unreadable traces, perhaps ẖt.1
1 Beckerath 1999. 72
Column 5.24
Royal Canon of Turin 5.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Mery.. Khety

The Dual King, Mery░ Khety ░░
nsw-bit mry [...] ẖty [...]

Column 5.25
Royal Canon of Turin 5.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Shed..y

The Dual King, Shed..y ░░
nsw-bit šd-[...]-y

Column 5.26
Royal Canon of Turin 5.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
H...

The Dual King, H... ░░
nsw-bit ḥ [...]

Only the start of the name and the closing cartouche are preserved.
 

Column 6

25 rows — 21 kings.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptate perferendis commodi repellat eos ad nam reprehenderit impedit repellendus, corporis aut debitis! Tarror.

 
Column 6.1
Royal Canon of Turin 6.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░ months ░░
nsw-bit [...] ibd [...]

Column 6.2
Royal Canon of Turin 6.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 6.3
Royal Canon of Turin 6.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 6.4
Royal Canon of Turin 6.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

A trace of the tip of what could be a mr or wsr sign is visible above the opening cartouche, but it is only guesswork.1
1  Gardiner 1959. 15 (V 4 a)
Column 6.5
Royal Canon of Turin 6.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 6.6
Royal Canon of Turin 6.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 6.7
Royal Canon of Turin 6.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 6.8
Royal Canon of Turin 6.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 6.9
Royal Canon of Turin 6.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 6.10
Royal Canon of Turin 6.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of dynasty 9-10

Total of 18 kings ░░
dmḏ nsw 18 [...]

Summation of Dynasty IX-X.
Column 6.11
Royal Canon of Turin 6.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heading of dynasty 11

The kings ░░
nsi.wt [...]

The heading of Dynasty XI written with red ink.
Column 6.12
Royal Canon of Turin 6.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Gardiner tenatively restored the first sign as V29 (wꜢḥ,) noting it could also be N28 (ḫꜤ),1 but neither restoration fits a Dynasty XI king. Beckerath proposed sꜢ as a possible reading,2 but the tiny trace makes a proper identification impossible. Line 6/16 contains the name of Mentuhotep II, and counting back, this line would have contained the name of Mentuhotep I.
1  RCT 16 (V 12 a)
2  von Beckerath. "Some remarks on Helck's 'Anmerkungen zum Turiner Konigspapyrus'". JEA 81 (1995). 226
Column 6.13
Royal Canon of Turin 6.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Line 6/16 contains the name of Mentuhotep II, and counting back from that, this line would have contained the name of Intef I
Column 6.14
Royal Canon of Turin 6.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░ 49 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] 49 [...]

The partial sign before the 9 is most likely a 40. Line 6/16 contains the name of Mentuhotep II, and counting back from that, this line would have contained the name of Intef II
Column 6.15
Royal Canon of Turin 6.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ░░ 8 ░░
nsw-bit [...] 8 [...]

Line 6/16 contains the name of Mentuhotep II, and counting back from that, this line would have contained the name of Intef III
Column 6.16
Royal Canon of Turin 6.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebhapetra ░░ 51 years ░░
nsw-bit nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ [...] rnp.t 51 [...]

Column 6.17
Royal Canon of Turin 6.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sankhka(ra) ░░ 12 years ░░
nsw-bit sꜤnḫ-kꜢ [...] 12 [...]

The darker fragment was added by Farina, so the signs are likely incorrectly drawn, as they were traced from his poor photo.
Column 6.18
Royal Canon of Turin 6.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of dynasty 11

Total: 6 kings amounting to 136 years and a lacuna of 7 years, Total: 143 years ░░
dmḏ nsw 6 ir n rnpt 136 wsf 7 dmḏ 143 [...]

The unnumbered fragment was added by Farina. The seven year lacuna likely belong to Mentuhotep IV.
Column 6.19
Royal Canon of Turin 6.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heading of dynasty 12

Kings of the Residence Itj-tawy ░░
[...] ẖnw iṯ-tꜢwy

Column 6.20
Royal Canon of Turin 6.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sehotepibra reigned for ░░
nsw-bit sḥtp-ib-rꜤ ir.n=f m nsyt [...]

All but ending of the name is lost, but Amenemhat I's throne name was Sehotepibra and was the predecessor of Senusret I in 6/21. The traces at the end of the line is undoubtedly correct according to Gardiner. Only part of the trace of a nine is recorded, with the sign for a likely 20 lost where the papyrus breaks off.
Column 6.21
Royal Canon of Turin 6.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Kheperkara ░░ 45 years
nsw-bit ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 45 [...]

All but the ending of the name is lost, but Senusret I’s name contain kA and was the predecessor of Amenemhat II. The signs for 40+5 years are certain,1 although the vertical stroke of the five is weak.
1  Murnane, "Ancient Egyptian co-regencies", SAOC 40 (1977). p. 5 note 20
Column 6.22
Royal Canon of Turin 6.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebkaura ░░ 10+X years
nsw-bit nbw-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] rnpt 10 [...]

The name is lost, but can only have held Amenemhat II, since he was the predecessor of Senusret II in 6/23. The ten-sign could be a 10, 20, or 30, but most likely 30, as Amenemhat II reigned for at least 35 years, for a likely total of 35–39 years.
Column 6.23
Royal Canon of Turin 6.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khapheperra ░░ 19 years ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ [...] rnpt 19 [...]

The name is lost, but Senusret II was the predecessor to Senusret III in 6/24. The partial ten-sign could be a 10/20/30, but most likely a 10. Below that is the partial sign for a nine, yielding a 19-year reign.
Column 6.24
Royal Canon of Turin 6.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebkaura ░░ 30+X years
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] rnpt 30 [...]

The name is lost, but Senusret III was the predecessor to Amenemhat III in 6/25. The 30-sign is certain; the subsequent number could be in the range of 1–8,1 for a total of 30-38 years.
1  A nine is impossible, see Gardiner 1959. 16 (V 24 a)
Column 6.25
Royal Canon of Turin 6.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nimaatra ░░ 40+X years
nsw-bit ni-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ [...] rnpt 40 [...]

The name is lost, but Amenemhat III was the predecessor of Amenemhat IV in 7/1. The 40-sign is certain, but any extra years are lost.
 

Column 7

28 rows — 26 kings.

Twenty-eight rows with the names of twenty-six kings.

 
Column 7.1
Royal Canon of Turin 7.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Maakherura has reigned for the period of 9 years, 3 months and 27 days
nsw-bit mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ ir.n=f m nsyt rnpt 9 Ꜣbd.w 3 hrw 27

Column 7.2
Royal Canon of Turin 7.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sobekneferu(ra), 3 years, 10 months and 24 days
nsw-bit sbk-nfr.w-rꜤ rnpt 3 Ꜣbd 10 hrw 24

Sobekneferu’s name was hypercorrected by the NK scribes by adding the ubiqitous -ra to the name.
Column 7.3
Royal Canon of Turin 7.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of dynasty 12

Total kings of the Residence Itj-tawy, 8 kings who ruled 213 years, 1 month and 17 days
dmḏ nsi.wt n.t ẖnw iṯ-tꜢwi nsi.wt 8 ir.n rnpt 213 Ꜣbd 1 hrw 17

Summation of Dynasty XII. The diagonal trace above the last numbers is likely the start of a bracket around the end of the line that encroached column 8, as seen in lines 3/14 and 5/16.
Column 7.4
Royal Canon of Turin 7.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heading of Dynasty 13

Kings who came after the children (?) of The Dual King, Sehotepibra, may he live, prosper and be healthy
nsi.wt [...] sꜢ [...] nsw-bit sḥtp-ib-rꜤ Ꜥnḫ wḏꜢ snb

Heading of the Thirteenth Dynasty, or possibly for the entire Second Intermediate Period.1
1  Ryholt 1997. 33, note 83
Column 7.5
Royal Canon of Turin 7.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khutawyra has reigned for 2 years, 3 months and 24 days
nsw-bit ḫw-tꜢwy-rꜤ ir-[...] nswyt rnpt 2, ibd 3, hrw 24

The throne name Khutawyra on this line was earlier incorrectly emended as Sekhemra Khutawy to fit with other sources, but was likely interchanged with the similar Sekhemra Khutawyra Sobekhotep on line 7/19.1
1  Ryholt 1997, 316ff.
Column 7.6
Royal Canon of Turin 7.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhemkara ░░ years ░ lacuna years, 6 years
nsw-bit sḫm-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] rnpt [...] wsf rnp.t 6

There is a trace of what could be imn on fr. 72, which might be the beginning of the name Amenemhat. The reign length is lost, and the lacuna notation was likely for the successor, Nerikara, whose record was missing.
Column 7.7
Royal Canon of Turin 7.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Amenemhat(ra) ░░ 3 years
nsw-bit i-mn-m-ḥꜢ.t (rꜤ) [...] rnpt 3

There are worn traces of the start of the cartouche and a rꜤ-sign. The traces of imn are very probable, while m-ḥꜢt are certain. The final number could be in the 3-4 range.1 There might also have been lacuna notation on this line for Ameny Qemau, which is itself lost in lacuna.2
1  Ryholt 1997. 74
2  ibid. 73, 214
Column 7.8
Royal Canon of Turin 7.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sehotepibra ░░ 1 ░░
nsw-bit {s}ḥtp-ib-rꜤ [...] 1

The scribe incorrectly added an initial s to the correct name Hotepibra,1 as attested by all other finds of this king.
1  Ryholt 1998. p. 3; Situation. 338-9, file 13/10.
Column 7.9
Royal Canon of Turin 7.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Iufni ░░
nsw-bit iw=f-n=i [...]

Column 7.10
Royal Canon of Turin 7.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sankhibra ░░ 23 days ░░
nsw-bit sꜤnḫ-ib-rꜤ [...] 23 [...]

Column 7.11
Royal Canon of Turin 7.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Semenkara ░░ 22 days ░░
nsw-bit smn-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] 22 [...]

Column 7.12
Royal Canon of Turin 7.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sehotepibra ░░ 1 (+ x months,) 27 days ░░
nsw-bit sḥtp-ib-rꜤ [...] 1 [...] 27 [...]

Column 7.13
Royal Canon of Turin 7.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sewadjkara ░░ 11 (+x days)
nsw-bit swꜢḏ-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] 11 [...]

The unnumbered fragment with rꜤ-s-wꜢḏ was added by Farina,1 the traces were copied from his photograph.2 The top part of a partial twenty-sign is visible on fr. 75, which Gardiner rendered as a ten, but a ten does not have a horizontal stroke, making the number a likely 21+x days.
1  Gardiner 1959. 16 (VI 13 a)
2  Farina 1938. pl. 6
Column 7.14
Royal Canon of Turin 7.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nedjemibra ░░ [0 years] 7 months ░░
nsw-bit nḏm-ib-rꜤ [...] 7 [...]

Gardiner read the trace of the last sign as a probable nine,1 but since the sign does not end below the line, it is likely a seven.2
1  Gardiner 1959. 16 (VI 14 b)
2  Ryholt 1997. 74, 192
Column 7.15
Royal Canon of Turin 7.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sobekhotep ░░
nsw-bit sbk-ḥtp-rꜤ zꜢ [...]

The traces of Son of… follows the cartouche, but the name is unreadable,1 as are the small traces on Fr. 70, that Gardiner read as a two.2
1  Ryholt 1997. 215
2  Gardiner 1959. 16 (VI 15 a)
Column 7.16
Royal Canon of Turin 7.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Renseneb has functioned in kingship for ░░ 4 months ░░
nsw-bit rn-snb ir.n [...] Ꜣbd 4

Gardiner incorrectly transcribed an f below the numbers,1 but there is no trace of that on fr. 70, and the fragment was moved slightly to the left compared to Gardiner because there is no vertical fibre correspondence with fr. 70 and 78.2
1  Gardiner 1959. Plate III
2  Ryholt 1997. 22
Column 7.17
Royal Canon of Turin 7.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Awtibra ░░ 7 days ░░
nsw-bit Ꜣw.t-ib-rꜤ [...] 7 [...]

A possible lacuna notation might have been found on this line, but if so, is itself lost in the lacuna. This is almost certain because at least four known successors of Awtibra are absent from the papyrus.1
1 Ryholt 1997. 12, 218-9
Column 7.18
Royal Canon of Turin 7.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sedjefa..kara, X years ░░
nsw-bit s-ḏfꜢ [...] kꜢ-rꜤ rnpt [...]

Column 7.19
Royal Canon of Turin 7.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhemra Khutawy Sobekhotep, X years ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ ḫw-tꜢwy sbk-ḥtp rnpt [...]

The throne name sḫm-rꜤ ḫw-tꜢwy sbk-ḥtp written on this line was interchanged with ḫw-tꜢwy-rꜤ in 7/5 where the name belongs.1 The correct name for this line is Khutawyra, which is Wegaf's throne name.
1  Ryholt 1997. 316ff.
Column 7.20
Royal Canon of Turin 7.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Userkara Khendjer, X years ░░
nsw-bit wsr [...] rꜤ ḫnḏr rꜤ rnpt [...]

The second N5-sign (rꜤ) was a misinterpretation by the scribe of the similar-looking Aa1-sign ().1
1  Slighly different signs, see Möller 1927. No. 574 and 303
Column 7.21
Royal Canon of Turin 7.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, (Smenkh)kara Imyremeshaw, 4 days
nsw-bit [...] kꜢ-rꜤ imy-r-mšꜤw [...] 4

The nomen Imyremeshaw1 was a military title, but was on occasion also a personal name for families with a military tradition.2 The position of fr. 71 (orange background) is tenative.3
1 With prenomen on Cairo JE 37466 (statue). See Petrie 1885. Plate III (17 B)
2  Ryholt 1997. 221-2
3  Ryholt 1997. 22, 71. Ryholt tenatively placed fr. 71 in col. 7/21-3, moving it down ten lines compared to Gardiner.
Column 7.22
Royal Canon of Turin 7.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sehotepkara Intef, ░░ 3 days
[...] s-ḥtp-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] in.t=f [...] 3

The position of fr. 71 (orange background) is tenative (see 7/21 above).
Column 7.23
Royal Canon of Turin 7.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Meribra, Seth ░░ 6 days
nsw-bit [...] mr-ib-rꜤ [...] stẖ ) [...] 6

Gardiner removed part of Fr. 79.1 The position of fr. 71 (orange background) is tenative (see 7/21 above).
1  Gardiner 1959. 16 (IV 23 a). See unplaced fragment 79a below for a description of the removed fragment.
Column 7.24
Royal Canon of Turin 7.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhemkara [Wadjtawy] Sobekhotep, 4 years, 2 months x days ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-kꜢ-rꜤ [wꜢḏ-tꜢ.wy] sbk-ḥtp rnpt 4, Ꜣbd 1 [...]

Gardiner recorded only 3 years,1 but as can be seen on Lepsius' facsimile, there are actually 4 strokes, or years.2
1  Gardiner 1959. Plate III
2  Ryholt 1997. 74
Column 7.25
Royal Canon of Turin 7.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khasekhemra Neferhotep, son of Haankhef, 11 years, 1 month ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ nfr-ḥtp) sꜢ ḥꜢ-Ꜥnḫ=f rnpt 11 Ꜣbd 1

Only a trace of the number of months is visible as the papyrus breaks off. The number might be any number of 1-4.
Column 7.26
Royal Canon of Turin 7.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sihathor ░░ years ░ 3 days ░░
nsw-bit sꜢ-ḥw.t-ḥr rnpt [...] 3 [...]

Column 7.27
Royal Canon of Turin 7.27 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khaneferra Sobekhotep░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ sbk-ḥtp [...]

Column 7.28
Royal Canon of Turin 7.28 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Unknown king

░░
[...]

The name is lost, but Sobekhotep V succeeded Sobekhotep IV and was himself succeeded by Sobekhotep VI, which would place his name on this line.
 

Column 8

28 rows — 27 kings.

Twenty-eight rows with the names of twenty-seven kings.

 
Column 8.1
Royal Canon of Turin 8.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khahotepra, 4 years, 8 months and 29 days
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-ḥtp-rꜤ rnpt 4 Ꜣbd 8 hrw 29

Column 8.2
Royal Canon of Turin 8.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Wahibra Jaib, 10 years, 8 months, 28 days
nsw-bit wꜢḥ-ib-rꜤ iꜤ-ib rnpt 10 Ꜣbd 8 hrw 28

Column 8.3
Royal Canon of Turin 8.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Merneferra has functioned in kingship for 23 years, 8 months and 18 days
nsw-bit mr-nrf-rꜤ ir.n=f m nsi.t rnpt 23 Ꜣbd 8 hrw 18

The tick above the hieratic ten-sign is clearly visible, accordingly the number cannot be 10, but instead 20 or 30, making the reading 23 or 33 years.1
1  Gardiner 1959. 16 (VII 3 a) and Ryholt 1997. 74
Column 8.4
Royal Canon of Turin 8.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Merhotepra, 2 years, 2-4 months and 9 days
nsw-bit mr-ḥtp-rꜤ rnpt 2 Ꜣbd 2 hrw 9

Column 8.5
Royal Canon of Turin 8.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sankhenra Sewadjtu, 3 years, 2-4 months ░░
nsw-bit s-Ꜥnḫ-n-rꜤ s-wꜢḏ-tw rnpt 3 Ꜣbd 2 [...]

Column 8.6
Royal Canon of Turin 8.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Mersekhemra Ined, 3 years, 1 month, 1 day
nsw-bit mr-sḫm-rꜤ ind [...] rnpt 3 Ꜣbd 1 hrw 1

Column 8.7
Royal Canon of Turin 8.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sewadjkara Hori, 5 years ░░ 8 days
nsw-bit s.wꜢḏ-kꜢ-rꜤ ḥrw-i rnpt 5 [...] hrw 8

Column 8.8
Royal Canon of Turin 8.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Merkaura Sobekhotep, 2 years ░░ 4 days
nsw-bit [...] mr-kꜢw [rꜤ...] sbk [...] rnpt 2 [...] 4

Column 8.9
Royal Canon of Turin 8.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 11 ░░
nsw-bit [...] 11 [...]

Column 8.10
Royal Canon of Turin 8.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 3 ░░
nsw-bit [...] 3 [...]

Column 8.11
Royal Canon of Turin 8.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 8.12
Royal Canon of Turin 8.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 8.13
Royal Canon of Turin 8.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 8.14
Royal Canon of Turin 8.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

The horizontal fibres correspond with fr. 70, and vertically with fr. 81.1 Ryholt placed fr. 87 in 8/15, but agreed to move it up one line, 2 from line 15 to 14, affecting lines 8/14 to 8/17.
1  Ryholt 1997. 23
2  Ben-Tor 1999. 52, note 19.
Column 8.15
Royal Canon of Turin 8.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, Mer ░░ra
nsw-bit [...] mr [...] rꜤ

Column 8.16
Royal Canon of Turin 8.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, Mer-kheper-Ra ░░
nsw-bit mr-ḫpr-rꜤ [...]

Column 8.17
Royal Canon of Turin 8.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Mer-ka-Ra ░░
nsw-bit mr-kꜢ-rꜤ [...]

The vertical position of fr. 88 is uncertain, but there is a fibre match with fr. 81, which assures the horizontal position.
Column 8.18
Royal Canon of Turin 8.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 8.19
Royal Canon of Turin 8.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 8.20
Royal Canon of Turin 8.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░dj░░
nsw-bit [...] ḏ [...]

The darker fragment is not present in Lepsius, but was added by Farina and presented in Gardiner as one fragment, The signs on this fragment are likely incorrectly drawn, as they were traced from his poor photo.
Column 8.21
Royal Canon of Turin 8.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...mes

The Dual King, ...mes ░░
nsw-bit [...]-ms [...]

Column 8.22
Royal Canon of Turin 8.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...maatra Ibi

The Dual King, ...maatra Ibi ░░
nsw-bit [...]-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ ibi [...]

Column 8.23
Royal Canon of Turin 8.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...webenra Hor

The Dual King, ...webenra Hor ░░
nsw-bit wbn-[...]-rꜤ ḥrw [...]

Column 8.24
Royal Canon of Turin 8.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...kara

The Dual King, ...kara ░░
nsw-bit [...]-kꜤrꜤ [...]

Column 8.25
Royal Canon of Turin 8.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, ...qaenra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-ḳn-rꜤ [...]

Column 8.26
Royal Canon of Turin 8.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...] rꜤ [...]

Column 8.27
Royal Canon of Turin 8.27 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...en(ra)

The Dual King, ...enra ░░ nia ░░
nsw-bit [...] n-rꜤ [...] n-iꜢ [...]

Gardiner and Ryholt place fragment 134 at the bottom of col. 10, but both horizontal and vertical fibre corresprondences makes the placement at the bottom of col. 8 the correct one. Ryholt later agreed with this placement.1
1  Ben-Tor 1999. 49-50, note 3
Column 8.28
Royal Canon of Turin 8.28 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of Dynasty 13

░░ kings ░░
[...] nswyt [...]

 

Column 9

30 rows — 30 kings.

Thirty rows with the names of thirty kings.

 
Column 9.1
Royal Canon of Turin 9.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nehesy ░░ 3 ░░
nsw-bit nḥsi rnpt [...] 3 [...]

The Guinea fowl sign (G21) in the name is certain, as are the rest.1 The number is likely referring to days.2
1  Möller 1927. No. 229, 525, 432, 560, 457
2  Ryholt 1997. 198
Column 9.2
Royal Canon of Turin 9.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Khatira ░░ 3 ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ.ti-rꜤ) [...] 3 [...]

The sign ti was most likely an error by the scribe, and should have been the very similar xrw1
1  Möller 1927. No. 381 vs 401.
Column 9.3
Royal Canon of Turin 9.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebfautra, 1 year, 5 months and 15 days
nsw-bit nb-fꜢw.t-rꜤ rnpt 1 Ꜣbd 5 hrw 15

Column 9.4
Royal Canon of Turin 9.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sehabra has functioned in kingship for 3 years, ░░ months and 1 day
nsw-bit s-ḥb-rꜤ ir.n=f m nswyt rnpt 3 Ꜣbd [...] hrw 1

The end of the long line from 8/3 encroaches the start of this line.
Column 9.5
Royal Canon of Turin 9.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Merdjefara 3 years ░░
nsw-bit mr-ḏfꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 3+ḫ [...]

Column 9.6
Royal Canon of Turin 9.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sewadjkara, 1 year ░░
nsw-bit swꜢḏ-kꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 1 [...]

Column 9.7
Royal Canon of Turin 9.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Neb... (lacuna)

The Dual King, Nebdjefara, 1 year ░░
nsw-bit nb-ḏfꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 1 [...]

Column 9.8
Royal Canon of Turin 9.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Webenra

The Dual King, Webenra ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit wbn-rꜤ rnpt [...]

Column 9.9
Royal Canon of Turin 9.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 1 year, 1(+x) months ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 1 Ꜣbd 1 [...]

Column 9.10
Royal Canon of Turin 9.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...djefara

The Dual King, ...djefara, 4 years ░░
nsw-bit [...]- ḏfꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 4

Column 9.11
Royal Canon of Turin 9.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...benra

The Dual King, ...benra ░░ 3 +X years ░░
nsw-bit [...]-bn-rꜤ [...] 3 [...]

Column 9.12
Royal Canon of Turin 9.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Autibra

The Dual King, Autibra ░░ missing and 18 days ░░
nsw-bit Ꜣw.t-ib-rꜤ [...] wsf hrw 18

Column 9.13
Royal Canon of Turin 9.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heribra

The Dual King, Heribra, may he live, prosper (and be healthy) ░░ 29 days
nsw-bit hr-ib-rꜤ Ꜥnḫ wḏꜢ (snb) [...] hrw 29

Column 9.14
Royal Canon of Turin 9.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Nebsenra

The Dual King, Nebsenra ░░ 5 months and 20 days, missing ░░
nsw-bit nb=sn-rꜤ [...] 5, hrw 20 wsf [...]

The missing king(s) cannot be identified. (Ryholt 1997: 12)
Column 9.15
Royal Canon of Turin 9.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ..ra. ░░ 21-24 days ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...] 21 [...]

Column 9.16
Royal Canon of Turin 9.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Sekheperenra

The Dual King, Sekheperenra, ░░ 2 months and 1-5 days ░░
nsw-bit s-ḫpr-n-rꜤ [...] rnpt 2 [...]

Column 9.17
Royal Canon of Turin 9.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Djedkherura

The Dual King, Djedkherura, ░░ 2 months and 5 days ░░
nsw-bit ḏd-ḫrw-rꜤ // rnpt 2 ... 5 [...]

Column 9.18
Royal Canon of Turin 9.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Sankhibra

The Dual King, Sankhibra, ░░ and 19 days ░░
nsw-bit s-Ꜥnḫ-ib-rꜤ [...] 19 [...]

Column 9.19
Royal Canon of Turin 9.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Nefertum...ra

The Dual King, Nefertum..ra, ░░ and 18 days ░░
nsw-bit nfr-tm-rꜤ [...] 18 [...]

Column 9.20
Royal Canon of Turin 9.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Sekhem...ra

The Dual King, Sekhem..ra, has functioned in kingship for ░░ months ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-//-rꜤ ir.n [...] ns.t [...] ibd

Column 9.21
Royal Canon of Turin 9.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Kakemu..ra

The Dual King, Kakemura, ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit kꜢ-km.w-rꜤ [...] rnpt [...]

Column 9.22
Royal Canon of Turin 9.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Neferibra

The Dual King, Neferibra ░░ may he live, prosper and be healthy, ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit nfr-ib-rꜤ [...] snb rnpt [...]

Column 9.23
Royal Canon of Turin 9.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
I...ra

The Dual King, I..ra, may he live, prosper and be healthy, ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit i-[...]-rꜤ Ꜥnḫ-wḏꜢ-snb rnpt [...]

The top of fr. 101 was missing in Lepsius, but the signs are clearly visible in Farina's plate, suggesting it was restored by Ibscher or Farina in the 1930's.1
1  Farina 1938. pl. VIII.
Column 9.24
Royal Canon of Turin 9.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Khakara

The Dual King, Khakara, ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ [...]

The fibres of fr. 123 corresponds with fr. 101.1 The upper part of Gardiner’s fr. 123 was not present in Lepsius; Ryholt did not comment the discarding of this tiny fragment, which I have designated as fr. 123* for now.2
1  Ryholt 1997. 24
2  See unplaced fragments below for more information.
Column 9.25
Royal Canon of Turin 9.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Aakara

The Dual King, Aakara, has functioned ░░
nsw-bit ꜤꜢ-kꜢ-rꜤ ir.n [...]

Column 9.26
Royal Canon of Turin 9.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Semenenra Hapu

The Dual King, Semenenra Hapu.. ░░
nsw-bit s-mn-n-rꜤ hp.w [...]

Column 9.27
Royal Canon of Turin 9.27 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Djedkara Anati

The Dual King, Djedkara, Nebnati ░░
nsw-bit ḏd-kꜢ-rꜤ nb-nꜤ-ti [...]

The V30-sign (nb) is likely a mistake for O29 (ꜤꜢ), which would yield the correct name Anati. The last sign is the determinative of a seated man (A1), not the walking legs (D54) which are very similar in hieratic.1
1  Ryholt 1997. 99
Column 9.28
Royal Canon of Turin 9.28 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...kara Bebnum

The Dual King, ...kara Bebnum
nsw-bit [...]-kꜢ bbnm [...]

Column 9.29
Royal Canon of Turin 9.29 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 9.30
Royal Canon of Turin 9.30 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

 

Column 10

31 rows — 27 kings.

Thirty-one rows with 27 kings.

 
Column 10.1
Royal Canon of Turin 10.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit rꜤ-[...]

Column 10.2
Royal Canon of Turin 10.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 10.3
Royal Canon of Turin 10.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 10.4
Royal Canon of Turin 10.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 10.5
Royal Canon of Turin 10.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]

Column 10.6
Royal Canon of Turin 10.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]

Column 10.7
Royal Canon of Turin 10.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Senefer...ra

The Dual King, Senefer...ra ░░
nsw-bit s-nfr-[...]-rꜤ [...]

Column 10.8
Royal Canon of Turin 10.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Menibra

The Dual King, Menibra ░░
nsw-bit mn-ib-rꜤ [...]

Column 10.9
Royal Canon of Turin 10.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Djed...

The Dual King, Djed... ░░
nsw-bit ḏd-[...]

Column 10.10
Royal Canon of Turin 10.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 10.11
Royal Canon of Turin 10.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 10.12
Royal Canon of Turin 10.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 10.13
Royal Canon of Turin 10.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Inek...

The Dual King, Inek... ░░
nsw-bit ink-[...]

Column 10.14
Royal Canon of Turin 10.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Ineb...

The Dual King, Ineb... ░░
nsw-bit inb-[...]

Column 10.15
Royal Canon of Turin 10.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Ip...

The Dual King, Ip...░░
nsw-bit ip-[...]

Column 10.16
Royal Canon of Turin 10.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.17
Royal Canon of Turin 10.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.18
Royal Canon of Turin 10.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.19
Royal Canon of Turin 10.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.20
Royal Canon of Turin 10.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.21
Royal Canon of Turin 10.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of Dynasty 14

Total: X kings have reigned ░ years ░░
dmḏ nsw ... ir.n=sn rnpt ...

The position of this fragment is uncertain. Ryholt moved Gardiner's placement of the fragment down eight lines,1 with no mention as to why. No mention of any fibre correspondence. The traced signs are from the poor photo of Farina.2
1  Ryholt 1997. 25-6, fig. 11 p. 95
2  Farina 1938. pl. X
Column 10.22
Royal Canon of Turin 10.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heading of Dynasty 15

░░
[...]

Possibly contained the heading for the first Hyksos dynasty (XV).
Column 10.23
Royal Canon of Turin 10.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.24
Royal Canon of Turin 10.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.25
Royal Canon of Turin 10.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 10.26
Royal Canon of Turin 10.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

Ruler of foreign lands, ░░ 10(+X) years
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt [...] rnpt 10 [...]

The number may be a 10, 20, or 30, as only a trace of the right leg of the ten-sign remain.1 The poor photo of Farina makes the tracing of the writing very uncertain.
1  Ryholt 1997. 119, note 398
Column 10.27
Royal Canon of Turin 10.27 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

Ruler of foreign lands, ░░ 40(+X) years
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt [...] rnpt 40 [...]

Of the kings of this Dynasty, only Apepi is known to have ruled for more than 30 years, so this is normally ascribed to him. The trace of the writing is uncertain, copied from the poor photo of Farina.
Column 10.28
Royal Canon of Turin 10.28 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

Ruler of foreign lands, Khamudy ░░
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt ḫꜢmdwi [...]

The trace of the writing is uncertain, copied from the poor photo of Farina.
Column 10.29
Royal Canon of Turin 10.29 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of Dynasty 15

Total: 6 rulers of foreign lands have reigned for the period of 100+x years ░░
dmḏ ḥḳꜢw-ḫꜢswt 6 ir.n=sn rnpt 100 [...]

The number 100 was most likely to have been followed by other numbers which are lost. The trace of the writing is uncertain, copied from the poor photo of Farina.
Column 10.30
Royal Canon of Turin 10.30 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Heading of Dynasty 16

░░
[...]

Column 10.31
Royal Canon of Turin 10.31 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

 

Column 11

An estimated 31 rows

There are an estimated thirty-one rows in this column, the lower section almost entirely missing, with only four partial names remaining.

 
Column 11.1
Royal Canon of Turin 11.1 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhem...ra, 3 years ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-[...]-rꜤ rnpt 3 [...]

Column 11.2
Royal Canon of Turin 11.2 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhemra ░░ 16 ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ-[...] 16 [...]

Column 11.3
Royal Canon of Turin 11.3 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhemra S..░░ 1 year ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ s-[...] rnpt 1 [...]

Column 11.4
Royal Canon of Turin 11.4 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Se...en...ra ░░ 1 year ░░
nsw-bit s-[...]-n-rꜤ-[...] rnpt 1 [...]

The reading Sewadjenra is preferable to Sankhenra of Gardiner,1 but both signs are missing essential strokes.2
1  Ryholt 1997. 154ff.
2  Gardiner 1959. 17 (XI 4 a)
Column 11.5
Royal Canon of Turin 11.5 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebiriawra, 29 years ░░
nsw-bit nb-iri-Ꜣw.t-rꜤ rnpt 29 [...]

Column 11.6
Royal Canon of Turin 11.6 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Nebitawra ░░
nsw-bit nb-it-Ꜣw-rꜤ rnpt [...]

The extra 't' was likely a scribal error, and should be a 'r' instead.
Column 11.7
Royal Canon of Turin 11.7 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Semenenra ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit s-mn-n-rꜤ [...] rnpt [...]

Column 11.8
Royal Canon of Turin 11.8 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Seuserra ░░ 12 years, "missing" ░░
nsw-bit sw-wsr-rꜤ [...] rnpt 12 wsf [...]

The number of months is noted as missing.
Column 11.9
Royal Canon of Turin 11.9 (facsimile of the hieratic text)

The Dual King, Sekhemra Shedwaset, X year(s) ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ šd-wꜢs.t rnpt [...]

Column 11.10
Royal Canon of Turin 11.10 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]

Column 11.11
Royal Canon of Turin 11.11 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 11.12
Royal Canon of Turin 11.12 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...ra

The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]

Column 11.13
Royal Canon of Turin 11.13 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 11.14
Royal Canon of Turin 11.14 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]

Column 11.15
Royal Canon of Turin 11.15 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Summation of Dynasty 16

Total: 5 kings ░░
dmḏ nsy.wt 5 [...]

Column 11.16
Royal Canon of Turin 11.16 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
User...ra

The Dual King, User..ra ░░
nsw-bit wsr-[...]-rꜤ [...]

The name on this line, or 11/17, could belong to Senebkay, whose throne name was wsr-ib-ra.
Column 11.17
Royal Canon of Turin 11.17 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
User...

The Dual King, User.. ░░
nsw-bit wsr-[...]

The name on this line, or 11/16, could belong to Senebkay, whose throne name was wsr-ib-ra.
Column 11.18
Royal Canon of Turin 11.18 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.19
Royal Canon of Turin 11.19 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.20
Royal Canon of Turin 11.20 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.21
Royal Canon of Turin 11.21 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.22
Royal Canon of Turin 11.22 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.23
Royal Canon of Turin 11.23 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.24
Royal Canon of Turin 11.24 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.25
Royal Canon of Turin 11.25 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Papyrus missing

░░
[...]

Column 11.26
Royal Canon of Turin 11.26 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...hebra

The Dual King, ...hebra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-hb-rꜤ [...]

Column 11.27
Royal Canon of Turin 11.27 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, has functioned in kingship for ░░ 2 ░░
nsw-bit [...] ir.n=f m nswyt [...] 2 [...]

Column 11.28
Royal Canon of Turin 11.28 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 2 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 2 [...]

Column 11.29
Royal Canon of Turin 11.29 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 4 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 4 [...]

Column 11.30
Royal Canon of Turin 11.30 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
Name lost

The Dual King, ░░ 3 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 4 [...]

Column 11.31
Royal Canon of Turin 11.31 (facsimile of the hieratic text)
...enra

The Dual King, ...nra ░░ 3 years ░░
nsw-bit [...]-n-rꜤ [...] rnpt 3 [...]

Fragments


There are a number of fragments that cannot be placed with certainty, or had their position changed over time, as more thorough examinations of the papyrus were undertaken.


No. Description
1* Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 1a This small fragment was attached at the rop right side of fr. 1 in Lepsius, but removed by Farina. Gardiner notes that 'it was rightly or wrongly removed.' (Gardiner 1959: 15, II 0)
2 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 2 Unplaced. Gardiner note that it certainly belong to the papyrus, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 17)
4 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 4 Unplaced. Gardiner note that it belong to a heading or summation, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 17)
7 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 7 Placed in column I as per Gardiner, who also marked it as unplaced, but noted that the position is doubtful. (Gardiner 1959: 17) It most likely belong somewhere in column 1–3.
29 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 29 Unplaced. Gardiner note that the recto has a heading in red and that it probably belongs, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 17)
36 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 36 This fragment can be found in Lepsius, but shows the recto of the papyrus. Unfortunately there is no hieratic facsimile of the verso available. Joined to fr. 48 in col. 5. (Gardiner 1959: 17)
50 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 50 Unplaced. Gardiner note that it is written on a patch, probably from the top of a column, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 18)
59a Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 59a Unplaced. This fragment was attached to the top right side of fr. 59 in Lepsius, but was moved to the left of fr. 59 by Ibscher or Farina. The position in the same horizontal position indicates that there is a fibre match, but Gardiner noted the position as doubtful. (Gardiner 1959: 16, V 1) I have designated it as 59a.
60 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 60 Unplaced. Only a part of the bee and the start of a cartouche. Not commented on otherwise by Gardiner.
66 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 66 Unplaced. Left in place by Gardiner, but he notes that it does not belong where Farina placed it. (Gardiner 1959: 17, X 21)
71 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 71 This fragment has no fibre correspondence with the surrounding fragments and Ryholt suggests it may be disregarded, while still placing it in col. 7, where I have left it. The placement is clearly to be regarded as uncertain. (Ryholt 1997: 22)
79a Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 79a Unplaced. This fragment was published in Lepsius where it bridged fr. 78 and 79, but was removed by Farina and Gardiner, as the writing on the recto of the fragment made the placement impossible. Ryholt suggested that the removed fragment could be placed in col. 9 or 10, but this placement is uncertain, as he made no mention of a fibre match with any of the surrounding fragments. (Ryholt 1997: 26)
87 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 87 The horizontal alignment with fr. 70 is assured, as is the vertical alignment with fr. 81. However, the exact horizontal position in column 8 is uncertain as there is space available on all sides, and an accurate positon can not be established with certainty. (Ryholt 1997: 23)
88 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 88 The placement in col. 7 is assured due to matching fibres. The horizontal position is however uncertain, as there is no immediate match. The placement is of little importance as the fragment only contain the royal titles. (Ryholt 1997: 23)
90 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 90 Unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 18, 19)
94* Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 94a A small piece that is not present in Lepsius, but was added by Farina and presented in Gardiner as one fragment in column 8.
122 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 122 Unplaced. Placed in column 10 by Gardiner, it was left unplaced by Ryholt. The placement is of little importance as the fragment only contain the royal titles. (Ryholt 1997: 25)
123* Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 123a Unplaced. The small fragment at the top of fr. 123 was not present in Lepsius. It was added by Farina, and is also present in Gardiner. Ryholt joins fr. 123 with fr. 101 of col. 9, discarding the addition by Farina without comment. Since the tiny fragment is not present in Lepsius, I have designated it as fr. 123* for now. (Ryholt 1997: 25)
125* Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 125a Unplaced. The leftmost part of fr. 125 was incorrectly(?) placed in Lepsius as part of the fragment, as was the leftmost part of fr. 127, which belongs above the top of the same fragment, and joins with the left side of fr. 125.
134 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 134 Gardiner and Ryholt place this fragment at the bottom of col. 10, but both horizontal and vertical fiber corresprondences makes the placement at the bottom of col. 8 the correct one. Ryholt agreed with this placement. (Ben-Tor 1999: 49-50)
143 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 143 Unplaced. Months and days belonging to some unknown reign. (Gardiner 1959: 18)
145 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 145 Unplaced.
147 Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. 147 Unplaced. The fragment cannot join with fr. 150 as placed by Farina. (Gardiner 1959: 17, IX 29)
? Royal Canon of Turin Fragment no. X 14-15 Unplaced. From Gardiner X/14-15. Removed due to there being no fibre match with the other column X fragments. (Ryholt 1997: 118)

Bibliography


Farina, Giulio. Il Papiro dei re, restaurato. Rome: G. Bardi, 1938.
Gardiner, Alan H. The Royal Canon of Turin. Oxford: University Press, 1959.
Ryholt, Kim. The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. Copenhagen: 1997.
Ryholt, Kim. 'The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King-list and the Identity of Nitocris', ZÄS 127: 87–100
Ryholt, Kim. 'The Turin King-list', AeUL 14: 135–155.
Ryholt, Kim. 'King Seneferka in the king-lists and his position in the early dynastic period', JEH 1: 159–73.

 



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