Saqqara King list

The Saqqara king list (a.k.a. Saqqara Tablet) contains a list of Egyptian pharaohs. Mariette wrote of the discovery to his patron Vicomte de Rougé in March of 1860, but kept it a secret until publishing a report of the discovery in 1864.

It was found in a funerary shrine above the tomb of a lector priest by the name Manuel de Codage: V13:G43-N35:Z2:D21*Z1-M17-M17 Tjunery (Twnry), who lived during the reign of Ramesses II. The location of the tomb is lost, but supposedly south of Djoser's step pyramid, close to the pyramid of Unas, between the Monastery and Sekhemkhet’s enclosure.

The inscription originally listed 58 kings in two rows of 29 kings each, in reverse chronological order, starting with Ramesses II, going backwards to Adjib. It was discovered in eight parts, with a section missing, which was searched for but never found. It was assigned Cairo Museum inventory number CG 34516.

It was written in the tradition of Lower Egypt, i.e. preferring honored ancestors with a strong affinity in Lower Egypt. The purpose of the list was to show celebrated "ancestors," and was not meant to be a complete chronological list, apparent by the exclusion of Hatshepsut and the heretic Amarna pharaohs.

The only published photographs were taken during the American Civil War - 152 years ago. Cartouche number 39 was recorded by Mariette in 1864 containing the name Menkaura, but this is the only attestation for this. In all subsequent line drawings, the cartouche is drawn as unreadable, so it is uncertain if the reading can be trusted.



Saqqara Canon king list

 


Upper row
left to right
#HieroglyphsName in listPharaoh
1 Cartouche of
ra-wsr-C10A-stp&n&ra
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-mAat-ra stp.n-ra
Ramesses II
Reconstructed partial name
based on known predecessors.
2 Cartouche of
ra-mn-C10A
Men Maat Ra
mn-mAat-ra
Seti I
Reconstructed partial name
based on known predecessors.
3 Cartouche of
ra-F9-t*t:mn
Men pehty Ra
mn-pHtj-ra
Ramesses I
Reconstructed partial name
based on known predecessors.
4 Cartouche of
ra:Dsr-xpr:Z2-stp&n&ra
Djoser kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
Dsr-xprw stp-n-ra
Horemheb
Reconstructed partial name
based on known predecessors.
5 Cartouche of
ra-mAat-nb
Neb Maat Ra
nb-mAat-ra
Amenhotep III
Name missing from the list.
Position based on known predecessors.
6 Cartouche of
ra-mn-xpr-Z2
Men kheperu Ra
mn-xprw-ra
Thutmose IV
Name missing from the list.
Position based on known predecessors.
7 Cartouche of
ra:aA-xpr-Z2
Aa kheperu Ra
aA-xprw-ra
Amenhotep II
Name missing from the list.
Position based on known predecessors.
8 Cartouche of
ra:mn-xpr
Men kheper Ra
mn-xpr-ra
Thutmose III
Name missing from the list.
Position based on known predecessors.
9 Cartouche of
ra:aA-xpr:n
Aa kheper en Ra
aA-xpr-n-ra
Thutmose II
Name missing from the list.
Position based on known predecessors.
10 Cartouche of
ra:aA-xpr-kA
Aa kheper ka Ra
aA-xpr-kA-ra
Thutmose I
Name missing from the list.
Position based on known predecessors.
11 Cartouche of
ra-Dsr-kA
Djoser ka Ra
Dsr-kA-ra
Amenhotep I
12 Cartouche of
ra-F9-nb
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pHtj-ra
Ahmose I
13 Cartouche of
ra-P8-nb
Neb hapet Ra
nb-HApt-ra
Mentuhotep II
14 Cartouche of
ra-s-anx-kA
Sankh ka Ra
s-anx-kA-ra
Mentuhotep III
15 Cartouche of
ra-s-Htp:t-p-ib-Z1
Sehotep ib Ra
s-Htp-ib-ra
Amenemhat I
16 Cartouche of
ra-xpr-kA
Kheper ka Ra
xpr-kA-ra
Senusret I
17 Cartouche of
ra-nbw-kA
Nebu ka Ra
nbw-kA-ra
Amenemhat II
18 Cartouche of
ra-xa-xpr
Kha kheper Ra
xa-xpr-ra
Senusret II
19 Cartouche of
ra-xa-kA
Kha ka Ra
xa-kA-ra
Senusret III
20 Cartouche of
ra-H6-n
Ni Maat Ra
nj-mAat-ra
Amenemhat III
21 Cartouche of
ra-U4:a-P8-w
Maa kheru Ra
mAa-xrw-ra
Amenemhat IV
22 Cartouche of
ra-I4-kA
Sobek ka Ra
sbk-kA-ra
Neferusobek
23 Cartouche of
ra-nfr-kA
Nefer ka Ra
nfr-kA-ra
Pepi II
24 Cartouche of
ra-U7:n
Mer en Ra
mr-n-ra
Nemtiemsaf I
25 Cartouche of
p:p-i-i
Pepi
pjpj
Pepi I
26 Cartouche of
t:t-i
Teti
ttj
Teti
27 Cartouche of
wn:n-i-s
Unas
wnjs
Unas
28 Cartouche of
ra-Sw-kA
Maat ka Ra
mAat-kA-ra
Djedkara Isesi
29 Cartouche of
G5-mn:kA
Men ka Hor
mn-kA-Hr
Menkauhor Kaiu
Lower row
left to right
#HieroglyphsName in listPharaoh
30 Cartouche of
ra-xa-nfr
Kha nefer Ra
xa-nfr-ra
Neferefra Isi
31 Cartouche of
ra-Sps-s-s-kA
Shepses ka Ra
Spss-kA-ra
Shepseskara Netjeruser
32 Cartouche of
ra-nfr-ir-kA
Nefer ir ka Ra
nfr-jr-kA-ra
Neferirkara I Kakai
33 Cartouche of
ra-sAH-w
Sahu Ra
sAHw-ra
Sahura
34 Cartouche of
wsr-s-kA-f
User kaf
wsr-kA-f
Userkaf
35 Destroyed cartouche Unreadable
Hieroglyphs destroyed or unreadable
36 Destroyed cartouche Unreadable
Hieroglyphs destroyed or unreadable
37 Destroyed cartouche Unreadable
Hieroglyphs destroyed or unreadable
38 Destroyed cartouche Unreadable
Hieroglyphs destroyed or unreadable
39 Cartouche of
ra:mn-kA*kA:kA
Men kau Ra
mn-kA.w-ra
Menkaura
Uncertain reading, only seen by Mariette in 1864.
40 Cartouche of
ra-xa-w-f
Khaf Ra
xa.w-f-ra
Khafra
41 Cartouche of
ra-Dd-Dd-f
Djedef Ra
Dd-f-ra
Radjedef
42 Cartouche of
x:f-w-f
Khufu
xwfwf
Khufu
43 Cartouche of
s-nfr-f:r-w
Sneferu
s-nfr-w
Sneferu
44 Cartouche of
H-A25-n:y:D40
Huni
Hw-nj
Huni
45 Cartouche of
ra:nb-kA
Neb ka Ra
nb-kA-ra
Nebkara
46 Cartouche of
Dsr-i-t:t
Djoser Teti
Dsr-ttj
Sekhemkhet
47 Cartouche of
Dsr-r
Djoser
Dsr
Djoser
48 Cartouche of
b-b-N21-i-i
Beby
bby
Khasekhemwy
49 Cartouche of
V1:F18-D-f:wSA
Hudjefa
Hw-DfA
Hudjefa I
50 Cartouche of
z:k:r-nfr-kA-Z1
Nefer ka Sokar
nfr-kA-skr
Neferkasokar
51 Cartouche of
ra-nfr-kA
Nefer ka Ra
nfr-kA-ra
Sneferka
52 Cartouche of
snD
Senedj
snD
Senedj
53 Cartouche of
wAD-F20:Z1-F51
Wadjlas
wAD-l-s
Wadjenes
54 Cartouche of
W10A-G29-nTr-t:r-w
Ba netjeru
bA-ntrw
Ninetjer
55 Cartouche of
kA-D52A:D52A:D52A
Kakau
kA-kAw
Nebra
56 Cartouche of
nTr-G30
Bau netjer
bAw-nTr
Hotepsekhemwy
57 Cartouche of
q-b-H-w-W15
Qebehu
qbHw
Qaa
58 Cartouche of
U7:r-y-N42*p:n
Meri bia pen
mrj-bjA-pn
Adjib

Illustrations



Saqqara king list 1864 - press ENTER for full image
Mariette 1864

Plate XVII
Size: 1462x519 (270 kB)

deRouge 1865 - press ENTER for full image
de Rougé, 1865

Album photographique, no. 143-145
Size: 1195x566 (146 kB)

Saqqara king list 1866 - press ENTER for full image
de Rougé 1866

Recherches sur les Monuments..., Plate I
Size: 2000x608 (362 kB)

Saqqara king list 1872 - press ENTER for full image
Mariette 1872

Plate 58
Size: 1861x939 (472 kB)

Saqqara king list 2011 - press ENTER for full image
Pharaoh.se 2011-12

My own reconstruction
Size: 3766x876 (957 kB)

Saqqara king list 2015 - press ENTER for full image
Pharaoh.se 2015

My own updated reconstruction
Size: 3766x920 (788 kB)

Bibliography


  • : "Lettre de M. Aug. Mariette A M. le Vicomte De Rougé" in Revue Archeologique, N.S. ii, (Paris 1860) p. 20-23
  • : Album photographique de la mission remplie en Égypte, (Paris 1865), Photographs, No. 143-145 de Rouge, Album Photographique, 1865 - press ENTER for full image
  • : Recherches sur les Monuments Qu’on Peut Attribuer aux Six Premières Dynasties de Manéthon, (Paris 1866), Plate I de Rouge 1866 - press ENTER for full image
  • : "La table de Saqqarah" in Revue Archeologique, Vol 10, (Paris 1864) p. 169-186, Plate XVII Mariette 1864 - press ENTER for full image
  • : Monuments divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, (Paris 1872) Vol. II, Pl. 57b, 58, text Vol. I, p. 18-19 Mariette, Monuments, 1872 - press ENTER for full image
  • : Ägyptische Chronologie, Plate 1, (Berlin 1904)
  • : Ramesside Inscriptions, Vol. III, pp. 481-482 (Oxford 1980) Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, III, pages 481-482
  • : Topographical Bibliography, Vol. III, part 2, pp. 666 (Oxford 1981)
  • : Chronologie des pharaonischen Aegypten, p. 216 (Mainz 1997)
  • Devéria, Théodule: Squeezes in the Louvre, 6165

 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2017 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.02
𓏙𓋹𓆖

 



These pages came from - https://pharaoh.se