[the Papyrus] was purchased in Thebes almost untouched by Drovetti around 1818, and unintentionally mutilated during his transport of it. The leftovers were acquired by the collection of the Piedmontese government in 1820 and deposited in Museum of Turin, where Champollion saw them in 1824.
(translated) Gaston Maspero, "Histoire ancienne des peuples de l'orient classique". p. 225, note 5
When the papyrus was found by Drovetti, either in 1823 or in 1824, it was apparently complete, and he put it into a jar which he tied about his waist, mounted his donkey, and proceeded to ride into town. The joggling which the jar got along the path was disastrous. When Drovetti opened it the extraordinary document had been reduced to mere scraps which have been arranged and rearranged during the past hundred years, but so much had disappeared in dust on that ride on donkey-back that only the barest outline of the original document remains today.
Herbert E. Winlock. "The rise and fall of the Middle Kingdom in Thebes". p. 4
I learned by chance that other fragments exist in the attic where they were relegated as too poor to deserve a better house. However, I insisted on a visit; we pulled the boxes, and the next day I could see, on entering a room I now call the columbarium of the story, a table ten feet in length, completely covered with fragments of papyri, at least half a foot thick.
(transl.) Jean-Francois Champollion, November 6, 1824
[...]
This unique papyrus outweighs all others; the loss of the missing parts is regrettable; it is a historical treasure; I recognized a true timeline, a royal Canon, which recalls that of Manetho, and the fragments that I found gave me a list of over a hundred kings.
Champollion had examined the same box two years earlier, and after having selected one fragment of the papyrus, he authoritatively ordered the curator, Signor Cantu, while the Director of the Museum was in London, to put the rest of the papyrus into the privy! Signor Cantu told me that thus at least two-thirds of the papyrus was lost forever.
The literary life of Gustavus Seyffarth: An autobiogaphical sketch, New York 1886, pp. 20-21
Author | Year | Notes |
---|---|---|
Lepsius | 1842 | Hieratic facsimile of the verso |
Wilkinson | 1851 | Hieratic facsimile of both sides |
Champollion | 1851 | Fragments copied in 1824 |
Farina | 1938 | Low quality photos of the papyrus |
Gardiner | 1959 | Transcribed hieroglyphics, corrections |
Ryholt | 1997 | Partial reconstruction, transcribed hieroglyphics |
§ | Description | Begin | End | Kings |
---|---|---|---|---|
Gods, demigods and spirits | 1/1 | 3/9 | – | |
1 | Heading of Dynasty 1–10 | 3/10 | ||
Dynasty 1–5 | 3/11 | 4/25 | 39 | |
Summation of Dynasty 1–5 | 4/26 | |||
Dynasty 6–8 | 5/1 | 5/13 | 13 | |
Summation of Dynasty 6–8 | 5/14 | 5/15 | ||
Summation of Dynasty 1–8 | 5/16 | 5/17 | ||
Dynasty 9–10 | 5/18 | 6/9 | 18 | |
Summation of Dynasty 9–10 | 6/10 | |||
2 | Heading of Dynasty 11 | 6/11 | ||
Dynasty 11 | 6/12 | 6/17 | 6 | |
Summation of Dynasty 11 | 6/18 | |||
3 | Heading of Dynasty 12 | 6/19 | ||
Dynasty 12 | 6/20 | 7/2 | 8 | |
Summation of Dynasty 12 | 7/3 | |||
4 | Heading of Dynasty 13–14 | 7/4 | ||
Dynasty 13 | 7.5 | 8/27 | 51 | |
Summation of Dynasty 13 | 8/28 | |||
Dynasty 14 | 9/1 | 10/20 | 50 | |
Summation of Dynasty 14 | 10/21 | |||
5 | Heading of Dynasty 15 | 10/22 | ||
Dynasty 15 | 10.23 | 10/28 | 6 | |
Summation of Dynasty 15 | 10/29 | |||
6 | Heading of Dynasty 16 | 10/30 | ||
Dynasty 16 | 10/31 | 11/14 | 15 | |
Summation of Dynasty 16 | 11/15 | |||
Abydos Dynasty | 11/16 | 11/31 | 16 | |
Total number of kings | 222 |
Column | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | Total |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Lines | 25 | 26 | 25 | 26 | 26 | 25 | 28 | 28 | 30 | 31 | 31 | 250 |
Headings | – | – | 1 | – | – | 2 | 1 | – | – | 2 | – | 6 |
Summations | – | – | – | 1 | 4 | 2 | 1 | 1 | – | 2 | 1 | 12 |
Kings | – | – | 14 | 25 | 22 | 21 | 26 | 27 | 30 | 27 | 30 | 222 |
The 12th column would have held the names of 27–29 kings; the complete papyrus would have included some 280 lines with around 250 kings.
On each line, the title nsw-bit (the Dual King) precedes the king’s name enclosed in a cartouche. In Egypt, this title preceded the prenomen (throne name) of the king. In the NK king-lists, the recorded name is not always the expected prenomen. It is unknown why the scribe did not use the proper prenomen in the correct place. To distinguish kings with the same prenomen, the scribe simply added the nomen into the cartouche. In some cases, the nomen was added after the cartouche, as was usual with the nomen, but without a cartouche. The recorded variations of the names in the papyrus are:
Key for the king list: | |
---|---|
Missing text | Implied meaning of the missing text. |
[...] | Cannot be transcribed, the text is lost. |
░░░ | Cannot be translated, the text is missing. |
The G7-sign is used as a determinative in a king's name. |
Kings of the house of(?) The Dual King, Meni, Life, Prosperity, Health
nsw-bit mni Ꜥnḫ-ḏꜢ-snb [...]
The Dual King, Meni, life, prosperity and health. He reigned ░
nsw-bit mni Ꜥnḫ-ḏꜢ-snb irn [...]
The Dual King, Ity ░
nsw-bit ity [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
░░ 10 +x months 28 days ░░
[...] 10 hrw 28 [...]
The Dual King, Ity ░░
nsw-bit [...] ittiw [...]
The Dual King, Qenty ░░
nsw-bit ḳnty [...]
The Dual King, Merigeregepen ░░ 74 years ░░
nsw-bit mr-grg-pn [...] rnpt 74 [...]
The Dual King, Semsem ░░ 72 years ░░
nsw-bit smsm [...] 72 [...]
The Dual King, Qebeh ░░ 63 years ░░
nsw-bit ḳbḥ [...] rnpt 63
The Dual King, Baunetjer ░░ 95 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] bꜢ.w-nṯr [...] 95 [...]
The Dual King, Kakau ░░
nsw-bit kꜢkꜤ.w [...]
The Dual King, Baunetjer ░░ 95 years ░░
nsw-bit bꜢ.w-nṯr [...] 95 [...]
The Dual King, Wadjnes ░░ 70 years ░░
nsw-bit [...]-s [...] 70 [...]
The Dual King, Senedj ░░ 54 years ░░
nsw-bit snḏ [...] 54 [...]
The Dual King, Aaka ░░ 70 years ░░
nsw-bit ꜤꜢ-kꜢ [...] 70 [...]
The Dual King, Neferkasokar ░░ 8 years, 3 months ░░ 10
nsw-bit nfr-kꜢ-skr rnpt 8, Ꜣbd 3, hrw [...] 10
The Dual King, Hudjefa, 11 years, 8 months, 4 days, his lifetime being 34 years
nsw-bit ḥw-ḏfꜢ rnpt 11, Ꜣbd 8, hrw 4 ꜤḥꜤ-f-m-Ꜥnḫ 34
The Dual King, Bebti ░░ 27 years, 2 months, 1 day, his lifetime being 40 ░░
nsw-bit bbti [...] rnpt 27, Ꜣbd 2, hrw 1, ꜤhꜤ=f m Ꜥnḫ 40 [...] 7
The Dual King, Nebka ░░ 19 years ░ His lifetime being?
nsw-bit nb-kꜢ [...] 19
The Dual King, Djoserit he reigned for the period of 19 years and 1 month, his lifetime being ░
nsw-bit ḏsr-it ir-n-f m-nsi.t rnpt 19 Ꜣbd 1 ꜤḥꜤ=f-m-Ꜥnḫ...
The Dual King, Djoserti, 6 years ░░
nsw-bit ḏsr-ti rnpt 6
The Dual King, Hudjefa, 6 years ░░
nsw-bit ḥw-ḏfꜢ rnpt 6 [...]
The Dual King, Huni, life, prosperity and health, 24 years, the one who has built Seshem ░░
nsw-bit ḥwni [...] Ꜥnḫ-wḏꜢ-snb rnpt 24 pꜢ-ḳd-sšm
The Dual King, Snofer(u), 24 years ░░
nsw-bit snfr rnpt 24
The Dual King, Khufu, 23 years ░░
[...] rnpt 23
The Dual King, Radjedef, 8 years ░░
[...] rnpt 8 [...]
The Dual King, Khafra ░ years ░░
nsw-bit [...] ḫꜤ [...]
The Dual King, Baka, ░ years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Menkaura, 28 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 28
The Dual King, Shepseskaf, 4 years ░░
[...] rnpt 4
The Dual King, Thamphthis, 2 years ░░
[...] rnpt 2
The Dual King, Userkaf, 7 years ░░
[...]-kꜢ-[...] rnpt 7
The Dual King, Sahura, 12 years ░░
[...] rnpt 12
The Dual King, Neferirkara reigned for a period of ░░
[...] ir.n=f m ns(y.t) [...]
The Dual King, Shepseskara, 7 years ░░
[...] rnpt 7
The Dual King, Neferefra, X years ░░
[...] rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Niuserra, 11+ x years ░░
[...] rnpt 11 [...]
The Dual King, Menkauhor, 8 years ░░
nsw-bit mn-kꜢ-ḥr rnpt 8 [...]
The Dual King, Djedu, 28 years ░░
nsw-bit ḏd.w rnpt 28
The Dual King, Unas, 30 years ░░
nsw-bit wnis rnpt 30 [...]
Total of the kings beginning with Meni down to Unas, their years ░
dmḏ nswyw šꜢ mni r-mn [...]
The Dual King, Teti, ░ 6 months, 21 days
nsw-bit ibd 6, hrw 21
The Dual King, Userkara ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 20 years
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 20
The Dual King, ░░ 44 years
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 44
The Dual King, ░░ 90 + x years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 90 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 1 year, 1 month
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 1 Ꜣbd 1
The Dual King, Netiqerty Siptah, he reigned ░░
nsw-bit ntiḳrti zꜢ-ptḥ irn [...]
The Dual King, Neferka, Pepi Seneb ░░
nsw-bit nfr-kꜢ ppi-snb [...]
The Dual King, Nefer, ░░
nsw-bit nfr [...]
The Dual King, Ibi ░░ 2 years, 1 month and 1 day
nsw-bit ibi [...] rnpt 2, Ꜣbd 1, hrw 1
The Dual King, 4 years and 2 months
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 4, Ꜣbd 2, hrw 1
The Dual King, ░░ 2 years, 1 month and 1 day ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 2, Ꜣbd 1, hrw 1
The Dual King, ░░ 1½ year
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 1 gs
Total of X kings until Neferkara amounting to 181 years
[...] nswyw [...] ir n rnpt 181
6 months, 3 days, and a lacuna of 6 years. Total: 187 years, 6 months, 3 days. Total of kings...
[...] Ꜣbd 6 hrw 3 wsf 6 dmḏ [...] nswywt
...from Meni, their kingship, their years, and a lacuna thereto: 949 years, 15 days,and a lacuna of 6 years
[...] mni nswyt=sn rnpt=sn wsf [...] Ꜣbd 9 hrw 6 wsf rnpt 6
Total: x kings amounting to 955 years and 15 days
dmḏ [...] rnpt 955, hrw 15
The Dual King ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, Neferkara ░░
nsw-bit nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, Kheti ░░
nsw-bit ḫt-iti [...]
The Dual King, S...tut-h... ░░ he reigned ░
nsw-bit s [...] twt hꜤ [...] ir-n.f [...]
The Dual King, [...] Neferkara ░░
nsw-bit [...] nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The Dual King, Mery░ Khety ░░
nsw-bit mry [...] ẖty [...]
The Dual King, Shed..y ░░
nsw-bit šd-[...]-y
The Dual King, H... ░░
nsw-bit ḥ [...]
The Dual King, ░ months ░░
nsw-bit [...] ibd [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
Total of 18 kings ░░
dmḏ nsw 18 [...]
The kings ░░
nsi.wt [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 49 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] 49 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 8 ░░
nsw-bit [...] 8 [...]
The Dual King, Nebhapetra ░░ 51 years ░░
nsw-bit nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ [...] rnp.t 51 [...]
The Dual King, Sankhka(ra) ░░ 12 years ░░
nsw-bit sꜤnḫ-kꜢ [...] 12 [...]
Total: 6 kings amounting to 136 years and a lacuna of 7 years, Total: 143 years ░░
dmḏ nsw 6 ir n rnpt 136 wsf 7 dmḏ 143 [...]
Kings of the Residence Itj-tawy ░░
[...] ẖnw iṯ-tꜢwy
The Dual King, Sehotepibra reigned for ░░
nsw-bit sḥtp-ib-rꜤ ir.n=f m nsyt [...]
The Dual King, Kheperkara ░░ 45 years
nsw-bit ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 45 [...]
The Dual King, Nebkaura ░░ 10+X years
nsw-bit nbw-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] rnpt 10 [...]
The Dual King, Khapheperra ░░ 19 years ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ [...] rnpt 19 [...]
The Dual King, Nebkaura ░░ 30+X years
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] rnpt 30 [...]
The Dual King, Nimaatra ░░ 40+X years
nsw-bit ni-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ [...] rnpt 40 [...]
The Dual King, Maakherura has reigned for the period of 9 years, 3 months and 27 days
nsw-bit mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ ir.n=f m nsyt rnpt 9 Ꜣbd.w 3 hrw 27
The Dual King, Sobekneferu(ra), 3 years, 10 months and 24 days
nsw-bit sbk-nfr.w-rꜤ rnpt 3 Ꜣbd 10 hrw 24
Total kings of the Residence Itj-tawy, 8 kings who ruled 213 years, 1 month and 17 days
dmḏ nsi.wt n.t ẖnw iṯ-tꜢwi nsi.wt 8 ir.n rnpt 213 Ꜣbd 1 hrw 17
Kings who came after the children (?) of The Dual King, Sehotepibra, may he live, prosper and be healthy
nsi.wt [...] sꜢ [...] nsw-bit sḥtp-ib-rꜤ Ꜥnḫ wḏꜢ snb
The Dual King, Khutawyra has reigned for 2 years, 3 months and 24 days
nsw-bit ḫw-tꜢwy-rꜤ ir-[...] nswyt rnpt 2, ibd 3, hrw 24
The Dual King, Sekhemkara ░░ years ░ lacuna years, 6 years
nsw-bit sḫm-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] rnpt [...] wsf rnp.t 6
The Dual King, Amenemhat(ra) ░░ 3 years
nsw-bit i-mn-m-ḥꜢ.t (rꜤ) [...] rnpt 3
The Dual King, Sehotepibra ░░ 1 ░░
nsw-bit {s}ḥtp-ib-rꜤ [...] 1
The Dual King, Sankhibra ░░ 23 days ░░
nsw-bit sꜤnḫ-ib-rꜤ [...] 23 [...]
The Dual King, Sehotepibra ░░ 1 (+ x months,) 27 days ░░
nsw-bit sḥtp-ib-rꜤ [...] 1 [...] 27 [...]
The Dual King, Sewadjkara ░░ 11 (+x days)
nsw-bit swꜢḏ-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] 11 [...]
The Dual King, Nedjemibra ░░ [0 years] 7 months ░░
nsw-bit nḏm-ib-rꜤ [...] 7 [...]
The Dual King, Sobekhotep ░░
nsw-bit sbk-ḥtp-rꜤ zꜢ [...]
The Dual King, Renseneb has functioned in kingship for ░░ 4 months ░░
nsw-bit rn-snb ir.n [...] Ꜣbd 4
The Dual King, Awtibra ░░ 7 days ░░
nsw-bit Ꜣw.t-ib-rꜤ [...] 7 [...]
The Dual King, Sedjefa..kara, X years ░░
nsw-bit s-ḏfꜢ [...] kꜢ-rꜤ rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Sekhemra Khutawy Sobekhotep, X years ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ ḫw-tꜢwy sbk-ḥtp rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Userkara Khendjer, X years ░░
nsw-bit wsr [...] rꜤ ḫnḏr rꜤ rnpt [...]
The Dual King, (Smenkh)kara Imyremeshaw, 4 days
nsw-bit [...] kꜢ-rꜤ imy-r-mšꜤw [...] 4
The Dual King, Sehotepkara Intef, ░░ 3 days
[...] s-ḥtp-kꜢ-rꜤ [...] in.t=f [...] 3
The Dual King, Meribra, Seth ░░ 6 days
nsw-bit [...] mr-ib-rꜤ [...] stẖ ) [...] 6
The Dual King, Sekhemkara [Wadjtawy] Sobekhotep, 4 years, 2 months x days ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-kꜢ-rꜤ [wꜢḏ-tꜢ.wy] sbk-ḥtp rnpt 4, Ꜣbd 1 [...]
The Dual King, Khasekhemra Neferhotep, son of Haankhef, 11 years, 1 month ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ nfr-ḥtp) sꜢ ḥꜢ-Ꜥnḫ=f rnpt 11 Ꜣbd 1
The Dual King, Sihathor ░░ years ░ 3 days ░░
nsw-bit sꜢ-ḥw.t-ḥr rnpt [...] 3 [...]
The Dual King, Khaneferra Sobekhotep░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ sbk-ḥtp [...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, Khahotepra, 4 years, 8 months and 29 days
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-ḥtp-rꜤ rnpt 4 Ꜣbd 8 hrw 29
The Dual King, Wahibra Jaib, 10 years, 8 months, 28 days
nsw-bit wꜢḥ-ib-rꜤ iꜤ-ib rnpt 10 Ꜣbd 8 hrw 28
The Dual King, Merneferra has functioned in kingship for 23 years, 8 months and 18 days
nsw-bit mr-nrf-rꜤ ir.n=f m nsi.t rnpt 23 Ꜣbd 8 hrw 18
The Dual King, Merhotepra, 2 years, 2-4 months and 9 days
nsw-bit mr-ḥtp-rꜤ rnpt 2 Ꜣbd 2 hrw 9
The Dual King, Sankhenra Sewadjtu, 3 years, 2-4 months ░░
nsw-bit s-Ꜥnḫ-n-rꜤ s-wꜢḏ-tw rnpt 3 Ꜣbd 2 [...]
The Dual King, Mersekhemra Ined, 3 years, 1 month, 1 day
nsw-bit mr-sḫm-rꜤ ind [...] rnpt 3 Ꜣbd 1 hrw 1
The Dual King, Sewadjkara Hori, 5 years ░░ 8 days
nsw-bit s.wꜢḏ-kꜢ-rꜤ ḥrw-i rnpt 5 [...] hrw 8
The Dual King, Merkaura Sobekhotep, 2 years ░░ 4 days
nsw-bit [...] mr-kꜢw [rꜤ...] sbk [...] rnpt 2 [...] 4
The Dual King, ░░ 11 ░░
nsw-bit [...] 11 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 3 ░░
nsw-bit [...] 3 [...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, Mer ░░ra
nsw-bit [...] mr [...] rꜤ
The Dual King, Mer-ka-Ra ░░
nsw-bit mr-kꜢ-rꜤ [...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, ░░dj░░
nsw-bit [...] ḏ [...]
The Dual King, ...mes ░░
nsw-bit [...]-ms [...]
The Dual King, ...maatra Ibi ░░
nsw-bit [...]-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ ibi [...]
The Dual King, ...webenra Hor ░░
nsw-bit wbn-[...]-rꜤ ḥrw [...]
The Dual King, ...kara ░░
nsw-bit [...]-kꜤrꜤ [...]
The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...] rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, ...enra ░░ nia ░░
nsw-bit [...] n-rꜤ [...] n-iꜢ [...]
░░ kings ░░
[...] nswyt [...]
The Dual King, Nehesy ░░ 3 ░░
nsw-bit nḥsi rnpt [...] 3 [...]
The Dual King, Khatira ░░ 3 ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ.ti-rꜤ) [...] 3 [...]
The Dual King, Nebfautra, 1 year, 5 months and 15 days
nsw-bit nb-fꜢw.t-rꜤ rnpt 1 Ꜣbd 5 hrw 15
The Dual King, Sehabra has functioned in kingship for 3 years, ░░ months and 1 day
nsw-bit s-ḥb-rꜤ ir.n=f m nswyt rnpt 3 Ꜣbd [...] hrw 1
The Dual King, Merdjefara 3 years ░░
nsw-bit mr-ḏfꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 3+ḫ [...]
The Dual King, Sewadjkara, 1 year ░░
nsw-bit swꜢḏ-kꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 1 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 1 year, 1(+x) months ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 1 Ꜣbd 1 [...]
The Dual King, ...djefara, 4 years ░░
nsw-bit [...]- ḏfꜢ-rꜤ rnpt 4
The Dual King, ...benra ░░ 3 +X years ░░
nsw-bit [...]-bn-rꜤ [...] 3 [...]
The Dual King, Autibra ░░ missing and 18 days ░░
nsw-bit Ꜣw.t-ib-rꜤ [...] wsf hrw 18
The Dual King, Heribra, may he live, prosper (and be healthy) ░░ 29 days
nsw-bit hr-ib-rꜤ Ꜥnḫ wḏꜢ (snb) [...] hrw 29
The Dual King, Nebsenra ░░ 5 months and 20 days, missing ░░
nsw-bit nb=sn-rꜤ [...] 5, hrw 20 wsf [...]
The Dual King, ..ra. ░░ 21-24 days ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...] 21 [...]
The Dual King, Sekheperenra, ░░ 2 months and 1-5 days ░░
nsw-bit s-ḫpr-n-rꜤ [...] rnpt 2 [...]
The Dual King, Djedkherura, ░░ 2 months and 5 days ░░
nsw-bit ḏd-ḫrw-rꜤ // rnpt 2 ... 5 [...]
The Dual King, Sankhibra, ░░ and 19 days ░░
nsw-bit s-Ꜥnḫ-ib-rꜤ [...] 19 [...]
The Dual King, Nefertum..ra, ░░ and 18 days ░░
nsw-bit nfr-tm-rꜤ [...] 18 [...]
The Dual King, Sekhem..ra, has functioned in kingship for ░░ months ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-//-rꜤ ir.n [...] ns.t [...] ibd
The Dual King, Kakemura, ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit kꜢ-km.w-rꜤ [...] rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Neferibra ░░ may he live, prosper and be healthy, ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit nfr-ib-rꜤ [...] snb rnpt [...]
The Dual King, I..ra, may he live, prosper and be healthy, ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit i-[...]-rꜤ Ꜥnḫ-wḏꜢ-snb rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Khakara, ░░
nsw-bit ḫꜤ-kꜢ-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, Djedkara, Nebnati ░░
nsw-bit ḏd-kꜢ-rꜤ nb-nꜤ-ti [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit rꜤ-[...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, Senefer...ra ░░
nsw-bit s-nfr-[...]-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, Menibra ░░
nsw-bit mn-ib-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, Djed... ░░
nsw-bit ḏd-[...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, Inek... ░░
nsw-bit ink-[...]
The Dual King, Ineb... ░░
nsw-bit inb-[...]
The Dual King, Ip...░░
nsw-bit ip-[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
Total: X kings have reigned ░ years ░░
dmḏ nsw ... ir.n=sn rnpt ...
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
Ruler of foreign lands, ░░ 10(+X) years
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt [...] rnpt 10 [...]
Ruler of foreign lands, ░░ 40(+X) years
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt [...] rnpt 40 [...]
Ruler of foreign lands, Khamudy ░░
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt ḫꜢmdwi [...]
Total: 6 rulers of foreign lands have reigned for the period of 100+x years ░░
dmḏ ḥḳꜢw-ḫꜢswt 6 ir.n=sn rnpt 100 [...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, Sekhem...ra, 3 years ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-[...]-rꜤ rnpt 3 [...]
The Dual King, Sekhemra S..░░ 1 year ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ s-[...] rnpt 1 [...]
The Dual King, Se...en...ra ░░ 1 year ░░
nsw-bit s-[...]-n-rꜤ-[...] rnpt 1 [...]
The Dual King, Nebiriawra, 29 years ░░
nsw-bit nb-iri-Ꜣw.t-rꜤ rnpt 29 [...]
The Dual King, Nebitawra ░░
nsw-bit nb-it-Ꜣw-rꜤ rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Semenenra ░░ year ░░
nsw-bit s-mn-n-rꜤ [...] rnpt [...]
The Dual King, Seuserra ░░ 12 years, "missing" ░░
nsw-bit sw-wsr-rꜤ [...] rnpt 12 wsf [...]
The Dual King, Sekhemra Shedwaset, X year(s) ░░
nsw-bit sḫm-rꜤ šd-wꜢs.t rnpt [...]
The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ...ra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
The Dual King, ░░
nsw-bit [...]
Total: 5 kings ░░
dmḏ nsy.wt 5 [...]
The Dual King, User..ra ░░
nsw-bit wsr-[...]-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, User.. ░░
nsw-bit wsr-[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
░░
[...]
The Dual King, ...hebra ░░
nsw-bit [...]-hb-rꜤ [...]
The Dual King, has functioned in kingship for ░░ 2 ░░
nsw-bit [...] ir.n=f m nswyt [...] 2 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 2 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 2 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 4 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 4 [...]
The Dual King, ░░ 3 years ░░
nsw-bit [...] rnpt 4 [...]
The Dual King, ...nra ░░ 3 years ░░
nsw-bit [...]-n-rꜤ [...] rnpt 3 [...]
Dynasty | # | Kings/Queens |
---|---|---|
XVII | 9 | Rahotep, Sobekemsaf I, Sobekemsaf II, Intef VI, Intef VII, Intef VIII, Senakhtenra, Seqenenra, Kamose |
XVIII | 15 | Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep II, Thutmose IV, Amenhotep III, Amenhotep IV, Neferneferuaten, Smenkhkara, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb |
XIX | 3 | Ramesses I, Seti I, Ramesses II |
Sum | 27 |
There are a number of fragments that cannot be placed with certainty, or had their position changed over time, as more thorough examinations of the papyrus were undertaken.
No. | Description | |
---|---|---|
1* | This small fragment was attached at the rop right side of fr. 1 in Lepsius, but removed by Farina. Gardiner notes that 'it was rightly or wrongly removed.' (Gardiner 1959: 15, II 0) | |
2 | Unplaced. Gardiner note that it certainly belong to the papyrus, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 17) | |
4 | Unplaced. Gardiner note that it belong to a heading or summation, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 17) | |
7 | Placed in column I as per Gardiner, who also marked it as unplaced, but noted that the position is doubtful. (Gardiner 1959: 17) It most likely belong somewhere in column 1–3. | |
29 | Unplaced. Gardiner note that the recto has a heading in red and that it probably belongs, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 17) | |
36 | This fragment can be found in Lepsius, but shows the recto of the papyrus. Unfortunately there is no hieratic facsimile of the verso available. Joined to fr. 48 in col. 5. (Gardiner 1959: 17) | |
50 | Unplaced. Gardiner note that it is written on a patch, probably from the top of a column, but leaves it unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 18) | |
59a | Unplaced. This fragment was attached to the top right side of fr. 59 in Lepsius, but was moved to the left of fr. 59 by Ibscher or Farina. The position in the same horizontal position indicates that there is a fibre match, but Gardiner noted the position as doubtful. (Gardiner 1959: 16, V 1) I have designated it as 59a. | |
60 | Unplaced. Only a part of the bee and the start of a cartouche. Not commented on otherwise by Gardiner. | |
66 | Unplaced. Left in place by Gardiner, but he notes that it does not belong where Farina placed it. (Gardiner 1959: 17, X 21) | |
71 | This fragment has no fibre correspondence with the surrounding fragments and Ryholt suggests it may be disregarded, while still placing it in col. 7, where I have left it. The placement is clearly to be regarded as uncertain. (Ryholt 1997: 22) | |
79a | Unplaced. This fragment was published in Lepsius where it bridged fr. 78 and 79, but was removed by Farina and Gardiner, as the writing on the recto of the fragment made the placement impossible. Ryholt suggested that the removed fragment could be placed in col. 9 or 10, but this placement is uncertain, as he made no mention of a fibre match with any of the surrounding fragments. (Ryholt 1997: 26) | |
87 | The horizontal alignment with fr. 70 is assured, as is the vertical alignment with fr. 81. However, the exact horizontal position in column 8 is uncertain as there is space available on all sides, and an accurate positon can not be established with certainty. (Ryholt 1997: 23) | |
88 | The placement in col. 7 is assured due to matching fibres. The horizontal position is however uncertain, as there is no immediate match. The placement is of little importance as the fragment only contain the royal titles. (Ryholt 1997: 23) | |
90 | Unplaced. (Gardiner 1959: 18, 19) | |
94* | A small piece that is not present in Lepsius, but was added by Farina and presented in Gardiner as one fragment in column 8. | |
122 | Unplaced. Placed in column 10 by Gardiner, it was left unplaced by Ryholt. The placement is of little importance as the fragment only contain the royal titles. (Ryholt 1997: 25) | |
123* | Unplaced. The small fragment at the top of fr. 123 was not present in Lepsius. It was added by Farina, and is also present in Gardiner. Ryholt joins fr. 123 with fr. 101 of col. 9, discarding the addition by Farina without comment. Since the tiny fragment is not present in Lepsius, I have designated it as fr. 123* for now. (Ryholt 1997: 25) | |
125* | Unplaced. The leftmost part of fr. 125 was incorrectly(?) placed in Lepsius as part of the fragment, as was the leftmost part of fr. 127, which belongs above the top of the same fragment, and joins with the left side of fr. 125. | |
134 | Gardiner and Ryholt place this fragment at the bottom of col. 10, but both horizontal and vertical fiber corresprondences makes the placement at the bottom of col. 8 the correct one. Ryholt agreed with this placement. (Ben-Tor 1999: 49-50) | |
143 | Unplaced. Months and days belonging to some unknown reign. (Gardiner 1959: 18) | |
145 | Unplaced. | |
147 | Unplaced. The fragment cannot join with fr. 150 as placed by Farina. (Gardiner 1959: 17, IX 29) | |
? | Unplaced. From Gardiner X/14-15. Removed due to there being no fibre match with the other column X fragments. (Ryholt 1997: 118) |
Peter Lundström 2017
This facsimile was created from the plates of Lepsius (1842).
Note: Very large image. Size: 8000x2167 (1 Mb)