The Royal Titulary of Ancient Egypt

The origins of the names of the pharaohs


Where do the names of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt really come? Why are many pharaohs known by a multitude of names?

Most pharaohs are known not by their actual name, but instead by the Greek approximation from the historians 2000 years ago. The sources are often very few, be it scraps of papyrus, a single amulet, or, huge temples. Some pharaohs have left virtually no archeological record, and for some we only know parts of their name.