Sobekemsaf I in hieroglyphs

The second pharaoh of the Seventeenth Dynasty,

Precedessor
Rahotep

Successor
Sobekemsaf II

Reign of Sobekemsaf I
Ryholt1576–1573

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Hetep netjeru  The Dual King Sekhem Ra wadj khau  Son of Ra Sobek em saf

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Hetep netjeru
ḥtp-nṯrw
The one with whom the gods are satisfied
Htp-nTrw
Top of broken obelisk, (Cairo Museum JE38030, CG 17011)
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography , II2, 166
Legrain, Notes d'inspection, ASAE 6 (1906): 284
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:H

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Ash(a) kheperu
Ꜥš(Ꜣ)-ḫprw
Numerous of manifestations
a:N37:Y1-Z3-xpr*w-Z3
Top of broken obelisk, Cairo JE38030 (CG 17011)
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography , II2, 166
Legrain, Notes d'inspection, ASAE 6 (1906): 284
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:N2
Nebty name variant
Ash(a) kheperu
Ꜥš(Ꜣ)-ḫprw
Numerous of manifestations
a:N37-xpr:Z2
Gauthier, Monuments et fragments, BIFAO 12 (1916): 127
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:N1

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Ineq tawy
inḳ-tꜢwi
The one who has embraced the Two Lands
i-n:q-D199-N17:N17
Top of broken obelisk, Cairo JE38030 (CG 17011)
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography , II2, 166
Legrain, Notes d'inspection, ASAE 6 (1906): 284
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sekhem Ra wadj khau
sḫm-rꜤ wꜢḏ-ḫꜤw
The powerful one of Ra is flourishing of appearances
ra-sxm-wAD-xa:Z2
Karnak Open Air Museum blocks from Montu temple at Madamud
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, II, 151 K+L
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:T1
Throne name variant
Sekhem Ra wadj khau
sḫm-rꜤ wꜢḏ-ḫꜤw
The powerful one of Ra is flourishing of appearances
ra-sxm-wAD-xa:a:Z2
Beckerath, Ägyptologische Forschungen 23, 285 (XVII 3, 5)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:T2

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Sobek em saf
sbk-m-sꜢ.f
Sobek is his protection
I4-m-V16:Z1:f
Beckerath, Ägyptologische Forschungen 23: 285 (XVII 3, 5)
Turin King List 8.4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:E1
Birth name variant
Sobek em sa[f]
sbk-m-sꜢ
Sobek is his protection
I5A-m-V16
Red granite statue from Abydos, (Cairo Museum CG 386)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, II, 151 k
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:E3
Birth name variant
Sobek em saf
sbk-m-sꜢ.f
Sobek is his protection
I5A-m-V16:f
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, II, 151 L
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:E2
Birth name variant
Sobek em saf
sbk-m-sꜢ.f
Sobek is his protection
s-b-k:Aa15-V17-Z1:f
Winlock, Tombs of Kings of Seventeenth Dynasty at Thebes, JEA 10 (1924): 268-269, pl. 15
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:E4
Birth name variant
Sobek em saf
sbk-m-sꜢ.f
Sobek is his protection
s-b-k:H38-z:Z1:f
Winlock, Tombs of Kings of Seventeenth Dynasty at Thebes, JEA 10 (1924): 268-269, pl. 15
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:E5
Birth name variant
Sobek em saf
sbk-m-sꜢ.f
Sobek is his protection
I3-m-V17-Z1-Y1:f
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, VI, 23
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 3:E6

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 74–78
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 128–129
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 89
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 440–441
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