The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

The royal titulary of the Egyptian Pharaohs was the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. It symbolises their supremacy and holy might. The names were sometimes changed during the reign to mark an important event.

The knowledge to read and write hieroglyphs was lost by 450 AD, and would remain so until the 1820s, when the Rosetta Stone was deciphered, enabling the reading of the hieroglyphs again. Hieroglyphic writing does not normally indicate wovels, and in modern transcriptions, an 'e' is added between consonants to aid in their pronunciation.

The combined names form the royal titulary, which consisted of the Horus, Nebty, Golden Horus, Throne, and Birth names. Some pharaohs are only known by one or two of the five names, and many remain to be assigned to the correct king. All the known and unknown names of the pharaohs can be found here.

List of the Pharaohs

The pharaohs of ancient Egypt, from predynastic times up to and including the roman emperors, who were not pharaohs as such, but are included here because some of their names were inscribed on monuments using hieroglyphs.

PeriodDynastyPharaohs
Archaic
Period
PredynasticSeka  Khayu  Tiu  Tjesh  Neheb  Wenegbu  Mekh  
INarmer  Aha  Djer  Djet  Den  Adjib  Semerkhet  Qaa  
IIHotepsekhemwy  Nebra  Ninetjer  Wadjenes  Senedj  Sekhemib  Peribsen  Sneferka  Neferkasokar  Hudjefa I  Khasekhemwy  
Old
Kingdom
IIINebka  Djoser  Sekhemkhet  Hudjefa II  Mesochris  Nebkara  Neferkara  Huni  
IVSneferu  Khufu  Radjedef  Khafra  Menkaura  Shepseskaf  Baufra  Thamphthis  Hordjedef  
VUserkaf  Sahura  Neferirkara I Kakai  Shepseskara Netjeruser  Neferefra Isi  Niuserra Ini  Menkauhor Kaiu  Djedkara Isesi  Unas  
VITeti  Userkara  Pepi I  Nemtiemsaf I  Pepi II  Nemtiemsaf II  
First
Intermediate
Period
VIINo known names, only attested by Africanus/Eusebius
VIIINetjerikara  Menkara  Neferkara II  Neferkara Neby  Djedkara Shemai  Neferkara Khendu  Merenhor  Neferkamin I  Nikara  Neferkara Tereru  Neferkahor  Neferkara Pepiseneb  Neferkamin Anu  Qakara Ibi  Neferkaura  Neferkauhor  Neferirkara II  
IXMeribra Khety I  Neferkara III  Wahkara Khety II  Senen  Neferkara Khety III  
XNebkaura Khety IV  Merikara  Sekhemkara I  Wadjkara  Ity  Imhotep  Hotep  Khui  Isu  Iytenu  
Middle
Kingdom
XIMentuhotep I  Intef I  Intef II  Intef III  Mentuhotep II  Mentuhotep III  Mentuhotep IV  
XIIAmenemhat I  Senusret I  Amenemhat II  Senusret II  Senusret III  Amenemhat III  Amenemhat IV  Neferusobek  
Second
Intermediate
Period
XIIISobekhotep I  Sonbef  Nerikara  Sekhemkara Amenemhat  Ameny Qemau  Qemau Siharnedjheritef  Iufni  Sankhibra Amenemhat  Nebnun  Sewesekhtawy Sehotepibra  Sewadjkara  Nedjemibra  Sobekhotep II  Ranisonb  Hor I  Sekhemra Khutawy  Djedkheperu  Sebkay  Sedjefakara Kay-Amenemhat  Wegaf  Khendjer  Imyremeshaw  Intef IV  Meribra Seth  Sobekhotep III  Neferhotep I  Sihathor  Sobekhotep IV  Sobekhotep V  Sobekhotep VI  Wahibra Jaib  Aya  Ini  Sewadjtu  Ined  Sewadjkara Hori  Sobekhotep VII  Merkheperra  Merkara  Mentuhotep V  Ibi  Hor II  Se...kara  Sankhptahi  Sekhaenra  Maara Sobekhotep  Senebmiu  
XIVYakbim  Yammu  Qareh  Aahotepra  Sheshi  Nehesi  Khakherura  Nebfaura  Sehabra  Merdjefara  Sewadjkara III  Nebdjefara  Webenra  ..djefara  ..webenra  Awibra  Heribra  Nebsenra  Sekheperenra  Djedkherura  Sankhibra II  Nefertum..ra  Sekhem..ra  Kakemura  Neferibra  I..ra  Khakara  Akara  Hapu  Anati  Babnum  Senefer..ra  Men..ra  Djed..ra  Inek..  A..  Ap..  Wazad  Sheneh  
XVSalitis  Sakir-Har  Khyan  Apepi  Khamudy  Aperanat  Semqen  Apachnas  Sharek  Beon  
XVIDjehuty  Sobekhotep VIII  Neferhotep III  Mentuhotepi  Nebirau I  Nebirau II  Semenenra  Bebiankh  Sekhemra Shedwaset  Dedumose I  Dedumose II  Mentuemsaf  Mentuhotep VI  Senusret IV  Pepi III  Nebmaatra  Anetjerira  Meribra  Nubankhra  Nikara II  
XVIIRahotep  Sobekemsaf I  Sobekemsaf II  Intef VI  Intef VII  Intef VIII  Senakhtenra  Seqenenra  Kamose  
AbydosSenebkay  Wepwawetemsaf  Pantjeny  Snaaib  
New
Kingdom
XVIIIAhmose I  Amenhotep I  Thutmose I  Thutmose II  Hatshepsut  Thutmose III  Amenhotep II  Thutmose IV  Amenhotep III  Amenhotep IV  Neferneferuaten  Smenkhkara  Tutankhamun  Ay  Horemheb  
XIXRamesses I  Seti I  Ramesses II  Merenptah  Seti II  Amenmesse  Siptah  Tausret  
XXSetnakht  Ramesses III  Ramesses IV  Ramesses V  Ramesses VI  Ramesses VII  Ramesses VIII  Ramesses IX  Ramesses X  Ramesses XI  
Third
Intermediate
Period
XXISmendes I  Amenemnesut  Psusennes I  Amenemope  Osochor  Siamun  Psusennes II  
XXIIShoshenq I  Osorkon I  Shoshenq II  Shoshenq IIb  Takelot I  Osorkon II  Shoshenq III  Shoshenq IV  Pami  Shoshenq V  Pedubast II  Osorkon IV  
XXIIITakelot II  Pedubast I  Iuput I  Shoshenq VI  Osorkon III  Takelot III  Rudamun  
XXIVTafnakht  Bakenrenef  
XXVPiye  Shabaka  Shebitko  Taharqa  Tenutamen  
Late
Period
XXVINecho I  Psamtik I  Necho II  Psamtik II  Apries  Amasis  Psamtik III  
XXVIICambyses II  Darius I  Xerxes I  Artaxerxes I  Darius II  Artaxerxes II  
XXVIIIAmyrtaeus  
XXIXNeferites I  Akoris  Psammuthis  Neferites II  Muthis  
XXXNectanebo I  Djedhor Teos I  Nectanebo II  
XXXIArtaxerxes III  Arses  Darius III  
ArgeadAlexander the Great  Philip III Arrhidaeus  Alexander IV Aegus  
PtolemaicPtolemy I  Ptolemy II  Ptolemy III  Ptolemy IV  Ptolemy V  Ptolemy VI  Ptolemy VII  Ptolemy VIII  Ptolemy IX  Ptolemy X  Ptolemy XI  Ptolemy XII  Ptolemy XIII  Ptolemy XIV  Cleopatra VII  Ptolemy XV  
Roman
Empire
RomanAugustus  Tiberius  Caligula  Claudius  Nero  Galba  Otho  Vespasianus  Titus  Domitianus  Nerva  Trajanus  Hadrianus  Antoninus Pius  Marcus Aurelius  Lucius Verus  Commodus  Septimius Severus  Caracalla  Geta  Macrinus  Diadumenianus  Philippus Arabs  Trajanus Decius  Valerianus  Probus  Diocletianus  Maximianus  Galerius  Maximinus Daia  
Uncertain To be determined/added

 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2017 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.02
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