The Royal Titulary of Ancient Egypt

The pharaohs

All the names of all the pharaohs, with detailed hieroglyphics.

The pharaohs ruled ancient Egypt for more than 3000 years. When the early historians visited, they transcribed the names of the pharaohs into Greek, which are still in use to this day.

The king lists

Details of all the names found on the king lists, with hieroglyphics.

The invaluable king lists of pharaohs were important to show the king beside revered ancestors, establishing their rightful rule. They help egyptologists with the chronology of Ancient Egypt.






The origins of the names of the pharaohs

The names of the pharaohs still live on, despite that the first pharaohs ruled some 5000 years ago. Their names were inscribed with hieroglyphs on the massive monuments they created, yet their commonly used names today has an origin in the ancient Greek transcription. Modern transcriptions of the names yield quite different names than those of the Greeks of antiquity.

Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid, is better known by his transcribed Greek name Cheops.
Tutankhamun, would have been known to us as Rathotis from the Greek transcription, but because his name was rediscovered in modern times, we use his properly transcribed name.
Ramesses II, who has left his name on more monuments than any other pharaoh, would today be transcribed as Ramessisu.


The full titulary of Ramesses II

Ramesses II royal titulary

Horus, the strong bull, beloved of Ra, great of majesty, Protector of Egypt for the Two Ladies, rich in years, great in victories forever
The Dual King, the justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Ra, the son of Ra, Ramesses, beloved of Amun

Hor ka nakht mery Ra, nebty wer shefyt mek Kemet, nub Hor user renput, aa nehktu, nesu bity user Maat Ra, setep en Ra, sa Ra, Ramessisu mery Amun

The dynasties of ancient Egypt

The dynasties

The division of pharaohs into dynasties is generally considered to be an invention of Manetho. Some dynasties overlapped, with different pharaohs ruling in different regions at the same time.

The ancient historians

The historians

The ancient Greek historians that visited Egypt some 2000 years ago taught us the names of the pharaohs. Manetho's History of Egypt was the most comprehensive, and you can find all the sources here.


The obelisks of ancient Egypt

The obelisks

The pharaohs had obelisks erected and inscribed with hieroglyphs, often to celebrate a victory or other important event. They were placed in front of temples or other important places.

The illustrations of ancient Egypt

The Temples

Descriptions, maps, history and information about the temples of ancient Egypt, their location and importance.


The illustrations of ancient Egypt

The illustrations

Paintings and illustrations from early travelers that visited Egypt while it was still relatively unspoiled. Their art is an important time capsule as many of the places they visited have deteriorated severely or even been destroyed.

The hieroglyphs

The Hieroglyphs

How to learn to write and read hieroglyphic texts and information about tools that can be used to accomplish this. A system called Manuel de Codage has been the de facto standard since the 1990's.




 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2017 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.02
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These pages came from - https://pharaoh.se