Apries in hieroglyphs

The fifth pharaoh of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty, a.k.a. Hophra

Precedessor
Psamtik II

Successor
Amasis

Reign of Apries
589–570
Dodson589–570
Manetho (Africanus)19 years
Manetho (Eusebius)25 years
Manetho (Jerome)30 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Wah ib  The Dual King Haa ib Ra  Son of Ra Wah ib Ra

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Wah ib
wꜢḥ-ib
Enduring of mind
wAH-ib
Minerveo obelisk in Rome
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Neb khepesh
nb-ḫpš
Possessor of strength
nb:xpS
Minerveo obelisk in Rome
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:N2

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Sewadj tawy
swꜢḏ-tꜤwi
Who has made the Two Lands flourish
s-wAD-N17:N17
Minerveo obelisk
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Sewadj tawy
swꜤḏ-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands flourish
s-wAD-M127-N17:N17
Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, ÄM 7780
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:G3
Golden Horus name variant
Sa Ptah meryef
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.f
Son of Ptah, his beloved
p:t-H-zA-mr-r:N36:f
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:G4

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Haa ib Ra
ḥꜤꜤ-ib-rꜤ
Who (continually) rejoices over the mind of Ra
ra-H-a:a-ib
Minerveo obelisk in Rome
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:T1

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Wah ib Ra
wꜢḥ-ib-rꜤ
The enduring one is the (very) mind of Ra
ra-wAH-ib
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 216-217, 4:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvi, 7 Ουαφρις Uaphris 19 years
Eusebius xxvi, 8 Ουαφρις Uaphres 25 years
Jerome Vaphres 30 years
Herodotus 161 Aπριης Apries 25 years
Diodorus 1.68.1 Aπριης Apries
The Bible Jeremiah 44:30 חָפְרַ֤ע Hophra

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 104–112
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 216–217
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 166
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