Huni in hieroglyphs

The eighth pharaoh of the Third Dynasty,

Huni is missing from the Abydos king list, unless Neferkara (no. 19) which precedes Sneferu is a mistake and should be Huni. The Turin papyrus shows that Huni was Sneferu's predecessor, while the Saqqara king list actually holds Huni's name. Huni was the first pharaoh to use a cartouche for his name.

Precedessor
Neferkara

Successor
Sneferu

Reign of Huni
AE Chronologyc. 2544
Shaw2637–2613
Dodson2544–2520
Allen2599–2575
Malek2597–2573
Redford2673–2649
Turin King List24 years
Manetho (Africanus)26 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus Kha ba

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Kha ba
ḫꜤ-bꜢ
xa:G29
Quibell, Hierakonpolis, plate LXX (1)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 50-51, b:H "Hor Chaba"
Horus name variant
Qa hedjet
ḳꜢ-ḥḏt
(whose) White Crown is high
q-S1
Stele of unknown provenance (possibly a forgery), Louvre, E 25982
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 50-51, c:H "Hor Qahedjet"

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Huni*
ḥw-ni
The smiter
H-A25-n:y:D40
Saqqara Canon no. 44

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 48-49, 6:E2
Throne name variant
Hu..*
ḥwi..
H-Z5-A25-//
Turin King List 4.8
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) III:8
Throne name variant
Nisut hu
nsw.t-hw
sw-t:n-H
Elephantine stele JE 41556
ZÄS , 81, 22
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 48-49, 6:E1
Throne name variant
Nisut hu
nsw.t-ḥw
sw-H-t:n
Palermo Stone, Verso line 5e

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 57–58
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 48–51
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 33
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 128–130
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