Menkara in hieroglyphs

The second pharaoh of the Eighth Dynasty, a.k.a. Menkare

Menkara's name is only securely attested on Seti I's Abydos king list (number 41,) and the Turin papyrus unfortunately has a notation of a lacuna where his name would have been found. The tomb of queen Neit in at Saqqara has the queen in front of a damaged cartouche that reads ..kara, with enough space to have helf the Men sign.


Neferkara II

Reign of Menkara

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Men ka Ra*
The established one of the ka of Ra
Abydos Canon no. 41

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 66-67, 2:T2


  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 181
  • Beckerath, J., 1999. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49: 66–67
  • Leprohon, R. J., 2013. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary. Atlanta: 44
  • Baker. D. D., 2008. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I. London: 197
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