Nebirau I in hieroglyphs

The sixth pharaoh of the Sixteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Nebiryraw I, Sewadjenre

Precedessor
Mentuhotepi

Successor
Nebirau II

Reign of Nebirau I
Ryholt1627–1601
Turin King List26 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Sewadj tawy  The Dual King Sewadj en Ra  Son of Ra Neb iry er au

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Sewadj tawy
swꜢḏ-tꜢwi
The one who has made the Two Lands flourish
s-wAD-N17:N17
The Juridical stela of Karnak (Cairo Museum, JE 52453)
Lacau, Une Stèle juridique de Karnak, ASAE ">CASAE 13 (1949): 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 126-127, 6:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Netjeri kheperu
nṯri-ḫprw
Divine of manifestations
nTr-xpr-Z3
The Juridical stela of Karnak (Cairo Museum, JE 52453)
Lacau, Une Stèle juridique de Karnak, ASAE ">CASAE 13 (1949): 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 126-127, 6:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Nefer khau
nfr-ḫꜤw
Perfect of appearances
nfr-xa:a-w
The Juridical stela of Karnak (Cairo Museum, JE 52453)
Lacau, Une Stèle juridique de Karnak, ASAE ">CASAE 13 (1949): 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 126-127, 6:G

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sewadj en Ra
swꜢḏ.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made flourish
ra-s-wAD-Y1:n
The Juridical stela of Karnak (Cairo Museum, JE 52453)
Lacau, Une Stèle juridique de Karnak, ASAE ">CASAE 13 (1949): 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 126-127, 6:T

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Neb iry er au
nb-iri-Ꜣw
The possessor of all
nb-i-r:y-r:Aw
The Juridical stela of Karnak (Cairo Museum, JE 52453)
Lacau, Une Stèle juridique de Karnak, ASAE ">CASAE 13 (1949): 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 126-127, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Neb iry (er) au Ra
nb-iri-(r)-Ꜣw(t)
The possessor of all (the things of) Ra
ra-nb-i-r:y-Aw-W-Y1:Z2
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , II, 842:13
Turin King List 11.5
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 126-127, 6:E2
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) XI:5

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 78
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 126–127
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 84
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 241–242
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