Neferefra Isi in hieroglyphs

The fifth pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty, a.k.a. Neferefre, Raneferef

Neferefra was the eldest son of Neferirkara, but he died after only about a year of rule. It is possible that Shepseskara managed to usurp the throne for a short period before being ousted by Neferefra's brother Niuserra. He is included on Manetho's king list as Kheres, which is a greek transcription of the erroneous name Khaneferra from the records of the Ramesside scribes.

Precedessor
Shepseskara Netjeruser

Successor
Niuserra Ini

Reign of Neferefra Isi
AE Chronology2403
v. Beckerath2431–2420
Shaw2448–2445
Dodson2362–2359
Allen2431–2420
Malek2418–2408
Redford2475–2474
Turin King List1 year
Manetho (Africanus)20 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Nefer khau  The Dual King Neferef Ra  Son of Ra Isi

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Nefer khau
nfr-ḫꜤw
Perfect of appearances
nfr-xaw
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20382)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 58-59, 5:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Neferem
nfr-m
Who is perfect by means of the Two Ladies
nfr-m
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20382)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 58-59, 5:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Nefer bik nebu
nfr-bik-nbw
The perfect golden falcon
nfr*G7:nbw
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20382)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 58-59, 5:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Neferef Ra
nfr.f-rꜤ
He is perfect (like) Ra
ra-nfr-f
Abydos Canon no. 29

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 58-59, 5:T1
Throne name variant
Kha nefer Ra*
ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ
Perfect appearance (like) Ra
ra-xa-nfr
Saqqara Canon no. 30
The kha sign was likely due to an error in the Ramesside records.
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 58-59, 5:T3

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Isi
izi
i-z-i
Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und altertumskunde, 50, pp. 1-6
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 58-59, 5:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 5 Χερης Cheres 20 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 120–122
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 58–59
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 39
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 249–251
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