Nemtiemsaf II in hieroglyphs

The sixth pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty, a.k.a. Nemtyemsaf II, Merenre II

In older literature Nemtiemsaf was known as Antiemsaf, but this has been proven to be incorrect. The correct reading is Nemtiemsaf. His name is included in Manetho's king list as Menthesouphis, which could be a Greek transcription of Merenra. To distinguish him from his namesake, Nemtiemsaf I, he is often numbered as Merenra II, but there is no contemporary evidence that his throne name was Merenra. The Abydos king list (39) gives his name as Merenra djefa em saf, which could note a lacuna in the Ramesside records for the nemty-sign.

Precedessor
Pepi II

Successor
Netjerikara

Reign of Nemtiemsaf II
AE Chronology2152
v. Beckerath2194–2193
Dodson2118–2117
Allen2152
Malek2142–2141
Franke2180
Redford2206
Turin King List1y 1m
Manetho (Africanus)1 year

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Name missing
Turin King List 5.6
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) IV:6

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Nemty em saf
nmty-m-sꜢf
Nemty is his protection
G7A-m-V18:f
Jequier, Les pyramides des reines Neit et Apouit, 55
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). VI, 6 E

Throne + Birth name

Combination of Throne- and Birth-name cartouches
probably only used for a special occasion.

Throne + Birth name
Mer en Ra djefa em saf*
mr-n-rꜤ ḏfꜢ-m-sꜢ-f
The one Ra has loved, (Nemty) is his protection
ra-U7:n-wSA-m-V16:f
The Djefa-sign note a lacuna in the Ramesside records, likely for the Nemty sign.

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus vi, 5 Μενφεσουφις Menthesuphis 1 years
Eratosthenes 21 Εχεσκοσοκαρας Echescosocaras 1

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 176
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 64–65
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 43
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 211–213
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