Osorkon III in hieroglyphs

The fifth pharaoh of the Twenty-third Dynasty,

Precedessor
Shoshenq VI

Successor
Takelot III

Reign of Osorkon III
798–769
Dodson796–769

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht kha em Waset  The Dual King User Maat Ra, setep en Amun  Son of Ra Userken, si Aset, mery Amun

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht kha em Waset
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m.wꜢst
The strong bull has appearaed in Thebes
E1:D40-xa-m-S40
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 129
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Set ib tawy
st-ib-tꜢwi
The favorite one of the Two Lands
st-ib:N17:N17
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 129
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Mes netjeru
ms-nṯrw
Born of the gods
ms-s-nTrw
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 129
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The strong one belonging to the Maat of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-wsr-mAat-i-mn:n-stp:n
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 49:5
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:T1
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The strong one belonging to the Maat of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-wsr-Sw-i-mn:n:stp
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 50:13
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:T2
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The strong one belonging to the Maat of Ra, chosen by Amun
i-mn:n-ra-wsr-U1:Aa11-stp:n
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 128
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:T3
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
The strong one belonging to the Maat of Ra
ra-wsr-U1-Aa11:a:t
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 129
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:T4
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra, setep (en) Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp (n) imn
The strong one belonging to the Maat of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-wsr-Sw-stp-C12
Champollion, Monuments de l'Egypte et de la Nubie - Notices descriptives (1889), II, 242
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:T5

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Userken, si Aset, mery Amun
wsrkn zꜢ-Ꜣst mri-imn
Osorkon, son of Isis, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-H8:Z1-st-wA-Aa18-i-r:k:n
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 129
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:E1
Birth name variant
Userken, si Aset, mery Amun
wsrkn zꜢ-Ꜣst mri-imn
Osorkon, son of Isis, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-H8-st:t-wA-Aa18-i-r:k:n
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 49:5
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:E2
Birth name variant
Userken
wsrkn
Osorkon
wA-Aa18-i-r:k:n
Legrain, Le temple et les chapelles d'Osiris a Karnak, RecTrav 22 (1900): 132
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:E3
Birth name variant
Userken netjer heqa Waset
wsrkn nṯr ḥḳꜢ wꜢst
Osorkon, the god and ruler of Thebes
wA-Aa18-i-r:k:n-q-nTr-HqA-R19
Statuette (Cairo Museum CG 42224, JE 38581)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:E4
Birth name variant
Userken si Aset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Waset
wsrkn sꜢ Ꜣst mry imn nṯr ḥḳꜢ wꜢst
Osorkon, the son of Isis, beloved of Amun, the god and ruler of Thebes
i-mn:n:U7-Q1:H8-wA:Aa18-i-r:k:n-q-nTr-HqA-R19
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 50:13
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:E5
Birth name variant
Userken si Aset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Waset
wsrkn sꜢ Ꜣst mry imn nṯr ḥḳꜢ wꜢst
Osorkon, the son of Isis, beloved of Amun, the god and ruler of Thebes
mn:n:U7\-i\-Q1:H8-wA:Aa18-i-r:k:n-nTr-HqA-R19
Statuette of Hor (Cairo Museum CG 42223, JE 36950)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 194-195, 5:E6

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxiii, 2 Oσορχω Osorcho 8 years
Jerome Osorthon 9 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 382–389
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 194–195
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 154
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