Philip III Arrhidaeus in hieroglyphs

The second pharaoh of the Argead Dynasty, a.k.a. Philip III of Macedon

The feeble-minded elder half-brother of Alexander the Great, was used as a figure-head by powerful generals.

Precedessor
Alexander the Great

Successor
Alexander IV

Reign of Philip III Arrhidaeus
v. Beckerath323–316
Shaw323–317
Dodson323–317
Redford323–316

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht mery Maat  The Dual King Setep en Ra, mery Amun  Son of Ra Phelepus

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht mery Maat
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull ,beloved of Maat
E1:D40-mAat-mr
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 2b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:H2

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Heqa khasut
ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt
The ruler of foreign countries
HqA-q:Y1-N25:N25:N25
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums , II, 9
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Meriu
mriw
The beloved one
mr\-i-w&3
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums , II, 9
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Setep en Ra, mery Amun
stp.n-rꜤ mri-imn
Chosen by Ra and beloved of Amun
C2-C12-stp&n:N36
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 2b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:T1
Throne name variant
Setep en ka Ra, mery Amun
stp-n-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
Chosen by the soul of Ra, beloved of Amun
C2A\-C12A-mr-stp&kA:n
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums , II, 9
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:T3
Throne name variant
Setep en ka Ra, mery Amun
stp-n-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
Chosen by the soul of Ra, beloved of Amun
kA-C2\-C12-stp\:n:N36
Edgar, Notes from the Delta, ASAE 11 (1911): 91
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:T4

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Phelepus
phlpws
Philippos
p:l-i-i-p:W-Aa18
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 2b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:E1
Birth name variant
Phelepus
plypws
Philippos
p:h-i-i-w-l-i-i-w-p-wA-s
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums , II, 9
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:E2
Birth name variant
Phelepus
plypws
Philippos
p:h-l-p*w:z
Edgar, Notes from the Delta, ASAE 11 (1911): 91
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:E3
Birth name variant
Phelepus
plypws
Philippos
p-i-i-l:ir-p:p-A:z
British Museum EA 938
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 2:E4

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 204–207
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 232–233
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 176
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