Ptolemy XII in hieroglyphs

The twelfth pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a.k.a. Ptolemaios Neos Dionysus Auletes

Precedessor
Ptolemy XI

Successor
Ptolemy XIII

Reign of Ptolemy XII
80–51
Dodson80–58

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Hunu nefer, bener-merut, tjeni su nebty rekhyet hena kaf, dua enef Khnum, shepes er shesep en.ef kha em nesu, sensen en sehnu em haaw mi nedjet itef tjehen mesut her neset itef mi hor ka nakht, ity pesedj em ta-mery mi Hapu ankh, redi enef hebu-sed ashau weru mi Ptah-Tatenen it netjeru
ḥwnw-nfr bnr-mrwt ṯni-sw-nbt-rḫyt-ḥnꜤ-kꜢ.f dwꜢ.n.f-ḫnmw-šps-r-šzp-n.f-ḫꜤ(t)-m-nsw snsn.n-sḥnw-m-ḥꜤꜤw-mi-Nḏ-it.f ṯḥn-msw(t)-ḥr-nst-it.f-mi-ḥr-kꜢ-nḫt ity-psḏ-m-tꜢmri-mi-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ rdi-n.f-ḥꜢbw-sd-ꜤšꜢw-wrw-mi-Ptḥ-tꜢṯnn-it-nṯrw
The perfect youth, pleasant in his popularity, whom the Two Ladies and the common folk have elevated along with his ka, who the wonderful Khnum praises so that he receives the crown of kingship, who unites himself with the works (of his father) in joy like that which his father protects, who is shining at birth on the throne of his father like Horus, the strong bull, the lord who lights up Egypt like the living Apis, to whom many great Sed festivals will be given through Ptah-Tatenen, the father of the Gods
F18:wn-nw:W-A17-nfr-M30*mr:t-C18C-s-G16-G24A-A1:Z2-F18:r-kA-A9-N14-A30-F51B-F105-A51-r:N37A:p-n:f-a:Aa15-xa:a:Aa15-S1-T22A-nw-T22A-nw-N25:z-H-M2:n-ini:W-A1-Aa56-A137-mi-Aa27D-nw*t:Z9:D40-t:f:Z1:f-S15-ms-s-Z3-D2:1-g:t:pr-t:f:Z1:f-G5&1-E1:D40-mi-i-i-U33-i-A311A-Dd-N8-Aa56-N17:O5:t*O49-anx-E95-mi-r:t:a-nw:F51B-(O23-W:t):Z2-I1:Z2-Z9:r:Z2-mi-p:t-H-C18C-X2:f-N14:Z2
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 49b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:H

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Wer pehty khenty she neheh semen hepu mi Djehuty aa
wr-pḥti ḫntš-nḥḥ smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
The one great of strength and foremost one of the sea forever, who has established laws like the twice-great Thoth
wr:F9*F9:Z9*t-N37A:N36:H*ra*H-s-U28-O4A*p:Z2:H27-mi-G191-O29v-O29v
First pylon, Philae
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 52a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:N1
Nebty name variant
Wer pehty khenty she neheh nefer ib wetjes neferu mi Djehuty aa
wr-pḥti ḫntš-nḥḥ nfr-ib wṯz-nfrw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
The one great of strength and foremost one of the sea forever, perfect of mind, who has raised perfection like the twice-great Thoth
Z9:r-F9*F9:D40-D19:t-N37A:n:n-H-H-nfr-ib:1-U39O-nfr-Z2B-G191-O29v-O29v-mi
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 49b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:N2

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Aa-ib ity neb qenu nakht mi sa Aset
ꜤꜢ-ib ity nb-ḳnw-nḫt-mi-zꜢ-Ꜣst
The one great of mind, the sovereign, the possessor of bravery and strength like the son of Isis
O29v-ib:1-i-U33-i-i-A311A-nb:q*Z9*nw-D40:nw*x:D40-H8:1-st-t:H8-mi-i
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 878
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 49a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Aa-ib mery netjeru baqet ity mi Ra heqa wadjety
ꜤꜢ-ib mri-nṯrw-BꜢḳt ity-mi-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-wꜢḏti
The one great of mind who is beloved of the gods of Baqet, a sovereign like Ra and ruler of the two crowns
O29v-ib:1-U7:r-nTrw-D10A-t:niwt-i-U33-i-i-A311A-mi-i-C2B-HqA-q-wAD-wAD-t:y-I12-I12
Mariette, Denderah, III, plate 15
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 405 (XLVIII B)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:G2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Iwa en pa netjer nehem setep en Ptah ir Maat en Ra Sekhem ankh Imen
iwꜤ-n-pꜢ-nṯr-nḥm stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-n-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
The heir of the saviour god, who is the chosen of Ptah, who brings forth the order of Ra, the living image of Amun
p-nTr-F44:n-nw*t*y:n-N104:D40-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11:nw-C2\-C12-sxm-anx
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 49b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:T1
Throne name variant
Iwa en pa netjer nety nehem seten en Ptah ir Maat Amun-Ra
iwꜤ-n-pꜢ-nṯr-nti-nḥm stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-imn-rꜤ
Heir of the saviour god, chosen by Ptah, who has brings forth the order of Amun-Ra
F44-nw:p-nTr-nw:t-M72-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11-C2D\-C12C
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 51a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:T2
Throne name variant
Iwa en pa netjer nehem setep en Ptah ir Maat
iwḳ-n-pꜢ-nṯr-nḥm stp-(n)-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt
The heir of the saviour god, who is the chosen of Ptah, who brings forth order
p-nTr-F44-nw*N104:D40-stp:t-p:t-H-ir:Aa11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, Text IV, 170
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:T3
Throne name variant
Pa netjer mery it sen Usiri hunu
pꜢ nṯr-mri it snt wsiri ḥwnw
The god who is beloved of his father and brother, the youthful Osiris
p-nTr-t:f-mr-T22A-ir:st*nTr-A17
RecTrav 29, 221
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:T4

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ptolemys ankh djet mery Ptah Aset
ptwlmys Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-Ptḥ-Ꜣst
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah and Isis
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&&&(t:N17)-p:t-H-st-t*H8:N36
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 49a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:E1
Birth name variant
Ptolemys ankh djet mery Aset
ptwlmys Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-Ꜣst
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Isis
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&&&(t:N17)-st-t:H8-mr
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 47a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 244-245, 12:E2

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 392–410
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 244–245
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 186–187
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